Piazza Venezia - Vittoriano, Rome

4.5 out of 5 stars 188 Reviews

Piazza Venezia, Rome, Italy +39 06 0608

Been here? Rate It!

hide
  • Vittorio Emanuele II Monument
    Vittorio Emanuele II Monument
    by zadunajska8
  • Vittorio Emanuele II Monument
    Vittorio Emanuele II Monument
    by zadunajska8
  • A side view of Piazza Venezia
    A side view of Piazza Venezia
    by Jefie
  • von.otter's Profile Photo

    Vittoriano

    by von.otter Updated Sep 27, 2010

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    “On the Capitoline Hill, which recalls the glories of Ancient Rome, the Italians inaugurate a monument to the father of the country which typifies the struggles, the sacrifices, martyrdoms, and heroism which made the Italian resurrection possible.”
    — Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti (1842-1928)

    Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II) honors Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a united Italy. It faces Piazza Venezia and backs on to the Capitoline Hill. Designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1895 artists from throughout Italy contributed sculpture other works of art for it. In 1911, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the new kingdom, the new symbol of a united Italy was inaugurated; one millions spectators witnessed the dedication. The monument was finally completed in 1935 at a cost of $20,000,000.

    At the center of the monument is the 40-foot-long, 40-foot high bronze equestrian sculpture of Vittorio Emanuele II created by Enrico Chiaradia. Rome’s largest statue had to be cast in 13 parts. The 13-foot long sword weighs 700 pounds; the horse weighs 4,000 pounds; the king’s pistol holders are over six feet long; and the head and helmet of Vittorio Emanuele weigh more than two tons.

    From the very beginning the monument was controversial, in part because its construction destroyed a Medieval neighborhood at the foot of the Capitoline Hill. The monument is thought to be pompous and oversized. Because it is built from such pure white marble from Botticino, Brescia, Vittoriano sticks out amidst its neighboring reddish-brownish buildings.

    Also known as Altare della Patria (Altar of the Fatherland) it has acquired a number of unflattering nicknames. Romans refer to the building by such irreverent slang expressions as Zuppa Inglese (English soup), the wedding cake, and the false teeth. When American servicemen liberated Rome in 1944 they labeled it the typewriter, a nickname also adopted by the locals. Former Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi pushed for il Vittoriano to be opened to the public as a vantage point over the Eternal City. A museum of military paraphernalia is housed within its walls.

    The monument shelters the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame, built under the gilded figure of Italy after World War I (see von.otter’s Rome Local Customs Tip “Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown”).

    Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, May 2007 Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, May 2007 Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, May 2007 Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, May 2007 Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, May 2007
    Related to:
    • Arts and Culture
    • Museum Visits
    • Historical Travel

    Was this review helpful?

  • viddra's Profile Photo

    A tribute

    by viddra Updated Aug 26, 2010

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Some call it 'a typewriter' or 'a wedding cake', criticise the destruction of the Capitoline Hill and medieval neighbourhood for the sake of its building... but I won't go into it.

    The construction of the marble monument started in 1885, following the designs of Giuseppe Sacconi. The works on the monument with the tomb of the unknown soldier, majestic staircase, tall columns, sculptures, statues and fountains ended in 1935.

    The base of the construction is home to the museum of Italian Reunification.

    Also, if you climb to its top, you'll be able to admire some great views.

    the monument
    Related to:
    • Museum Visits
    • Architecture

    Was this review helpful?

  • June.b's Profile Photo

    National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II

    by June.b Written Jun 23, 2010

    2 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Lo and behold!

    It's the most imposing structure in the area or maybe in the whole of ROme. The Vittorisano is glaring in pure white marbles and located in front of a roundabout that reminds me of Arch Du Triomphe in Paris.

    It houses the tomb of Unknown Soldier with the eternal flame. They said it was built on a medieval neighborhood which raises controversy on it's construction.

    Nevertheless, it's still is a beauty to behold.

    Related to:
    • Historical Travel
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Backpacking

    Was this review helpful?

  • June.b's Profile Photo

    Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II

    by June.b Written Jun 23, 2010

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II or The Vittoriano is located at the Piazza Venezia and dedicated to the first King Victor Emmanuel. Designed in 1885, built in 1911 finished construction in 1935.

    Built in marbles and many artists and sculptors were commissioned to do the several instricate details and statues of the building.

    It is the first one that really jump start my enthusiasm and made me gasp in awe, after my somewhat initial disappointment with the colosseum - so it was my miserable feeling at the hotel after all that blinded my perception of the colosseum.

    Rome is beautiful.

    Related to:
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Architecture
    • Backpacking

    Was this review helpful?

  • Huks's Profile Photo

    The Monument of Victor Emmanuel II

    by Huks Written May 15, 2010

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    The Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II) is a monument to honour Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy. The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi.
    It is place from where you can take excellent photos from top of the Monument of Victor Emmanuel II.

    View from top of the Monument Front side of of Victor Emmanuel II monument
    Related to:
    • Historical Travel

    Was this review helpful?

  • Tom_Fields's Profile Photo

    Vittorio Emanuele II Monument

    by Tom_Fields Written Dec 20, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Some have likened this huge monument to an oversized typewriter. While much-criticized for its sheer size and grandiosity, it memorializes the short-lived monarchy of King Vittorio Emanuele, who reigned during the period of Italian unification. Giuseppe Sacconi (1885-1911) built it about 1900. The tomb of the Unknown Soldier was added in 1921. Like it or not, it's very difficult to miss.

    The Vittorio Emanuele Monument The monument by night
    Related to:
    • Architecture

    Was this review helpful?

  • tim07's Profile Photo

    Il Vittoriano

    by tim07 Updated Nov 8, 2009

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    This is a monument built to honour Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy. It's situated between the Piazza Venezia & Capitoline hill.

    The building is made of white marble and features impressive stairways & columns. A huge equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel is situated at the front. On the roof there are two statues of the goddess Victoria. Also at the monument is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame. Inside is a museum dedicated to Italian Reunification.

    The monument is regarded by many as way too large & pompous. Nicknames such as the "wedding cake" and "typewriter" have been given to it. The highlight for me was the views of Rome from the terraces. Here you'll also find a cafe, an ideal place to relax on a hot day. It's a bit pricey though.

    Museum Cafe

    Was this review helpful?

  • aukahkay's Profile Photo

    Piazza Venezia and Il Vittoriano

    by aukahkay Written Oct 11, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Piazza Venezia is the heart of Rome, the hub of the city's road network. On the piazza, Il Vittoriano dominates the square. Romans refer to it as the typewriter, the wedding cake or even Rome's false teeth. The monument was erected in honour of Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, the first king of the newly unified Italy.

    Below the equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel is the tomb of the unknown soldier flanked by perpetually burning flames and two armed guards.

    Il Vittoriano Il Vittoriano Equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II Il Vittoriano by night
    Related to:
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Historical Travel
    • Architecture

    Was this review helpful?

  • icunme's Profile Photo

    Monument Vittorio Emanuele

    by icunme Updated Sep 7, 2009

    4.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    The monument itself is a stunning presence - it commemorates the Risorgimento - the social and political "resurgence" as well as the military conflicts that recovered land - paving the way for Italy's eventual unification. A must-see is the museum inside that contains historic art and artifacts, photos, print media on the many elements and personages of note in this period. Of particular interest are the rooms devoted to World War I.
    During the 18th century, intellectual changes began to dismantle traditional values and institutions. Liberal ideas from France and Britain spread rapidly, and from 1789 the French Revolution became the genesis of "liberal Italians". A series of political and military events resulted in a unified Italy in 1861.
    The website below provides a timeline of events leading to Italian Unification. Much more about this monument and World War I on the Rome page Vittorio Emanuele travelogue. Admission to this museum is free for everyone.
    The controversy surrounding this monument began with the construction which destroyed a large area of the Capitoline Hill with a Medieval neighbourhood. Then, the monument itself is often regarded as pompous and too large. It is clearly visible to most of the city of Rome despite being boxy in general shape and lacking a dome or a tower. The monument is also glaringly white, making it highly conspicuous amidst the generally brownish buildings surrounding it, and its stacked, crowded nature has lent it several derogatory nicknames. Romans sometimes refer to the structure by a variety of irreverent slang expressions, such as "Zuppa Inglese", "the wedding cake", and "the false teeth", while Americans liberating Rome in 1944 labeled it "the typewriter", a nickname also adopted by the locals. Despite all this criticism, the monument still attracts a large number of visitors - Italian and tourists.

    Monument Vittoriano Emanuele Canon Unknown soldier marks Italy's unification Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
    Related to:
    • Museum Visits
    • Historical Travel
    • Architecture

    Was this review helpful?

  • traveloturc's Profile Photo

    Vittoriano

    by traveloturc Updated Jun 28, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    I ve read so many things about Victor Emmanuel at the university and when I visit for the first time Vittoriano in the Piazza venezia in other words the heart of Roma I was very much impressed from the building .Although many local people are not happy with the place and with the shape of the building ( wedding cake ,typwriter etc etc ) I think that Emmanuel reserved this special place .We have to admid that the unification of Italy is not easy thing specially if every italian has something to say )))Anway the building started in 1885 and was finished in 1911 and its still its renovated years and years.In 1921 the tomb of unknown soldier was placed .In his balconies you can feel the shadow of Mussolini adressing to the people.Today you can enjoy a traffic officer in the middle of the Piazza trying to conduct ( this is the right word) the tarffic jam with the same manner of Mussolini mimics ...

    Vittoriano

    Was this review helpful?

  • monica71's Profile Photo

    Mussolini Balcony

    by monica71 Written Feb 13, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Palazzo Venezia is the building where you can see the the balcony from where Mussolini, "Il Duce" as he liked to be called, made his famous speeches from 1922 to 1943. In April 1945 he tried to escape to Switzerland, but he was captured and killed by Communist Italian partisans. His body was hung upside down at a gas station in Milan (as a proof of his death).

    Benito Mussolini balcony Palazzo Venezia
    Related to:
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Historical Travel

    Was this review helpful?

  • fdrich29's Profile Photo

    Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II

    by fdrich29 Updated Feb 12, 2009

    4.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    This monument honoring Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of unified Italy was begun in 1885 by Giuseppe Sacconi and completed in 1935. In 1925 the central part of the monument was opened, the Altare della Patria. The monument, also known as Il Vittoriano and "The Wedding Cake" is 443 feet wide and 230 feet high. It's located between Piazza Venezia and Capitoline Hill. Vittoriano offers a tremendous view of Rome. One of the more notable aspects of the monument is the Eternal Flame and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, who's remains were chosen from World War I unidentified soldiers. The tomb is under constant watch by Roman Honor Guard. Hours in the winter are 9.30 - 16.30, summer 9.30 - 17.30 and admission is free.

    Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II
    Related to:
    • Architecture
    • Historical Travel
    • Castles and Palaces

    Was this review helpful?

  • WheninRome's Profile Photo

    Art Show

    by WheninRome Written Feb 10, 2009

    In a city with so much art and architecture, one might think it odd to pay more money to see a special exhibit. We did just that paying about 10 euros apiece to see a special Picasso exhibit being held at the Museum of the Risorgimento building. It was quite impressive and is one of our favorite memories.

    Picasso Exhibit
    Related to:
    • Arts and Culture

    Was this review helpful?

  • monica71's Profile Photo

    National Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II

    by monica71 Written Jan 29, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    This monument is also called "the typewriter"and it is dedicated to the first king of the united Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. It was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1895 and it was inaugurated in 1911.

    Besides a huge sculpture of the king, fountains and two statues of the goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas, the monument also hosts the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. There are always fresh flowers here and an eternal flame.

    It is a nice place to visit for some great views of Rome and Piazza Venezia.

    Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II view from the highest point of the monument tomb of the Unknown Soldier monument close up
    Related to:
    • Arts and Culture

    Was this review helpful?

  • WheninRome's Profile Photo

    Victor Emmanuel Monument

    by WheninRome Written Jan 14, 2009

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    I would consider the Victor Emmanuel Monument a "Don't Miss". Being right next to the Roman Forum makes it an easy sight to see. In my opinion the best feature of the Monument is the view from its rooftop. I thought it to be the absolute best and most beautiful view of Rome. We were there in late afternoon, but early morning or evening would be best. The Colosseum and Trajan's Column are beautiful from this rooftop.

    The equestrian statue within the center of the Monument is dedicated to Italy's first king and is the largest equestrian statue in the world. However, I was more impressed with the dual winged chariots that graced the top of the Monument and which are visible from surrounding neighborhoods.

    The Museum of the Risorgimento was free and interesting, but we didn't linger long. This museum details the unification of Italy.

    There was a temporary Picasso exhibit within a section of this Museum, which we paid admission to and spent a long time within.

    I would also recommend quickly visiting Mammertine Prison, which is right next to the Victor Emmanual Monument and easy to miss if you aren't looking for it. We popped in on the very short walk from the Forum to the Monument. It only takes a few minutes to visit.

    There is a restroom on the rooftop here, but there was at least a half hour wait in line. Instead, I found the restroom at the bottom floor of the Museum described below, which had no line.

    Victor Emmanuel Monument View From Atop Victor Emmanuel Monument View From Atop Victor Emmanuel Monument Statue of Italy's First King Colosseum From Atop Victor Emmanuel Monument
    Related to:
    • Historical Travel
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Architecture

    Was this review helpful?

Instant Answers: Rome

Get an instant answer from local experts and frequent travelers

26 travelers online now

Comments

Hotels Near Piazza Venezia - Vittoriano
4.5 out of 5 stars
0 miles away
Show Prices
4.5 out of 5 stars
0 miles away
Show Prices
3.5 out of 5 stars
0 miles away
Show Prices

View all Rome hotels