The Roman Forum was THE center of the Roman world. Forums were the places in which public business was conducted.
The Roman Forum is one of many forums in Rome, but it is the oldest and best known.
The attached photo is a different view of the forum. The road is the "Via Sacra", the route that sacred processions took. In the center is the Arch of Septimus Severus. On the right is the reconstructed Senate House. In the background is the Capitoline Hill, one of the 7 hills of Rome, and well-known in ancient Roman history.
This arch was built in 203 and was to honor the emperor Septimus Severus for his 10 year reign. The inscription was originally for Septimus and his two sons Caracalla and Geta. After Septimus Severus died caracalla murdered his brother and ordered his name removed. In the fourth line from the top the holes corresponding to the nails which held the bronze letters, now missing, do not coincide with the course of the current letters. This is where the name Geta was removed and other words were added.
In the middle ages the arch was half burried under rubble and the rest was used as a barbershop.
The carvings in stone are mostly very decayed but you can still see that this was one of the nicest triumph arches of Rome once.
Julius Caesar first rose to fame as a praetorian general. His military exploits are chronicled in his own literary masterpiece, "The Gallic Wars". Because of conflicting views with the leaders of Rome, not the people, he was assassinated in the Senate on March 15, 44 BC by a group led by his former friend Marcus Junius Brutus.
Anyway, he has his final resting place in the Roman Forum. It is in the middle of the walk along the Via Sacra.
My single most incredible moment was walking behind the Capitoline and catching my first glimpse of the Roman Forum spread out in front of me. From that vantage point, I could see the entire forum with the Colosseum in the distance. It is such an amazing sight and I can't recommend strongly enough that this be your first look at the area.
In the past I have come into the Forum from the Colosseum end and the view is not nearly as dramatic.
We walked into the Forum (entrance free) over the Via Sacre. An ancient Roman road leading from the coloseum to the Forum. Look were you walk, because it is easy to sprain an ankle here...
It is hard to imagine horses and wagons riding these roads. They must have been hurt sometimes stepping just beside the larges stones.... But on some spots it is very obvious the wagons came often, since there are tracks cut into the stones.
At the end of this picture the next arch is situated. It is the arch of Titus.
Located near the centre of the Roman forums, just across from the Arch of Augustus, this is apparently where the great Julius Caeser was finally cremated.
It is obviously a shadow of its former self, however it does still hold a certain eeriness about it. To think that you are standing right next to where one of the greatest men in history once lay is a little overwhelming.
The ashes of Julius Caeser are apparently not here, however the spot where he was cremated is still covered with fresh flowers to this day, a mark of how big an impact he had on the history of Italy.
The Forum Romanum is located next to the Coliseum. It was the political and economical centre of Rome during the Republic.
Today, the forum can look like a disorderly collection of ruins to the uninitiated, but with some imagination you can see the Roman empire come back to life at this site. Remains of many buildings from different periods are visible; the forum was littered with temples, basilicas and triumphal arches.
The area was the center of activity in Rome. Here, triumphal processions took place, elections were held and the Senate assembled.
Three triumphal arches were built on the forum. They were used by emperors to commemorate their victories.
The first one, constructed by Augustus, does not exist anymore. The Arch of Titus, built in AD 81 AD commemorates the victory in the Jewish War. It is located at the Via Sacra on the eastern side of the forum.
At the other end of the forum, near the capitoline hill is the Arch of Septimius Severus. It was built in AD 203 to commemorate the victory over the Parthians.
The Roman Forum was the political and economic centre of Rome during the Republic.
The importance of the Forum area is indicated by the presence of many of the central political, religious and judicial buildings in Rome.
It's a place were you feel the ancient times of the great Roman Empire.
It's lokaded next to the colloseum so uou can and may not miss it.
Entrance is FREE
The Forum was the civic heart of the Republic of Rome. The area was once filled with temples and palaces. Today all these are ruins and you'll have to use all of your imagination to try to envision how it must have looked. Still, it's impressive if you think that most of the buildings were built between 500 BC to 400 AD. A friends of mine told me that this place calms him because all our worries seem small when you come here and realize how quickly the time flies.
The Arch of Septimius Severus is one of the structures still standing. If you're interested in Roman history it's a good idea to have a good travel guide with you to be able to indentify the ruins.
These three gigantic barrel vaults are about all that remain of what was the largest structure in the Forum. Constructed in the 4th century under Maxentius (him again!) and Constantine I, this building was used for judicial, commercial and administrative purposes. While we think of a basilica as church, in ancient Rome it simply meant a public building. When Christianity was allowed out of the closet and became the primary religion of Rome, some of these structures were converted into Catholic basilicas you'll see on your wanders about the city.
An apse on the west side originally held an enormous statue of Maxentius that Constantine, ever the thrifty and egotistical Emperor, later altered to look like himself - probably because he was peeved with Max for not playing nice in the imperial sandbox. You can see the head and some other remaining bits of this colossus in the Palazzo dei Conservatori. In my humble opinion, Constantine either resembled a frog or the dude he hired for the statue's facelift was mad at him 'cause it's sort of a bug-eyed thing.
No visitor cannot remain indifferent in front of the fact that Rome exisit almost three thousands years now. Another amazing fact is that Rome had over million and a half inhabitants, while most of todays European capital towns reached that number only in the 20th century. The whole city structure was built of stone, streets included, and in accordance to the plan designed by the architects whos work reminded unequalled.
Basically a forum is a place in any Roman town where business, civic, or religious activities were conducted. The Roman Forum has numerous temples and arches. Depending on where you enter, you might be greated by one of two really great arches, the Arch of Septimius, or at the other end of the Via Sacra, the Arch of Titus. There are various remains of temples scattered all over, and of course, the final resting place of Julius Ceasar.
The Via Sacra (Sacred Way) was the Broadway of ancient Rome in the heart of the Forum. It was built in the marshy land between the Palatine and Capitoline hills and was pretty much 'main st' Rome. All that is left today is ruins and fragments, an arch or two, and lots of overturned boulders. There are still a few things to see though such as a partly rebuilt House of the Vestal Virgins, bits of the Temple of Saturn, Arch of Septimius Severus and the Umbilicus Urbus, the rounded stone considered the center of Rome and of the entire Roman Empire!
This was the downtown area of the ancient city, where you could cross paths with Cicero or Caesar himself on their way to the political, religious, and commercial buildings which are still visible here today, 2000 years later, in various states of preservation. Very evocative of the power of Rome in her Golden Age.
Open daily 9am -one hour before sunset. Admission until 2 hours before closing time. Admission free.