The Arch of Titus was built in 81 AD, and commemorates the conquest of Jerusalem by some guy named Titus 11 years earlier.
It is famous for its engraved frieze showing Roman soldiers carrying a Jewish "Menorah" (seven branches chandelier) as a war trophy. Also on top is an engraving with the fanous SPQR.
"The Senate and People of Rome."
The arch of Titus was erected between 82 and 90 A.D. in honour of Titus. It was made by Domitian, the emperor's brother, to commemorate the victory against the Jews and the capture of Jerusalem by Vespasian and Titus.
The dedicatory inscription, on the side of the Coloseum is still preserved. The letters were originally bronze, the metal was stolen, and today only the holes of the cramps remains. It says: "Senatus Popolusque Romanus divo Tito divi Vespasiani F(ilio) Vespasiano Augusto" (The Senate and the Roman people to the divine Titus Vespasian Augustus son of the divine Vespasian).
A bas-relief on the inside of the arch (see picture) represents the procession preceding the emperor as he passes beneath the Triumphal Gate, carrying the catch taken from the temple of Jerusalem, amongst it a seven armed candlestick.
In the Middle Ages it was nicknamed "Arch of the Seven Lamps" and incorporated into the fortress of the Frangipane family. It was freed in the 19th century during the restoration work directed by Giuseppe Valadier.
When you passed the Temple of Venus and Rome on your right next thing is the Arch of Titus right in front of you. In 81AD Emperor Domitianus erected the arch in memory of Emperor Titus, who was Domitianus' brother, for his victories. The frieze on all four sides of the arch represent Vespasian and Titus's triupmh over the Jews in 71AD after the destruction of Jerusalem. The reliefs are in a quite poor state, but you can make up that soldiers are bearing away the plunder from the Temple of Jerusalem, which includes trumpets and a sevenbranched candelbrum.
This arch appears in all the views of the Roman Forum. Titus reigned only from 79 to 81. In 70 he captured Jerusalem. This arch was erected to commemorate his success. The fall of Jerusalem was one of the most tragic events in Jewish history, but it was a prophecy in the Old Testament. It began the "times of the gentiles" in which we are living right now and awaiting the return of Jesus Christ which is probably very soon.
See the Arch of Titus which was erected in ad 81 by the Emperor Dominitian in honour of the victories of his brother,Titus. Do go to the Patheon in which the 'temple of the gods' in the middle ages became a church.This magnificent building with its domed interior became the symbol of Rome.The rectangular portico screens the vast hemispherical dome and the hole at the top of the dome is the only light you get.There are shrines that line the walls and solid marble floors.Do see the tomb of Raphael,the artists body rests beloe a Madonna by Lprenzetto(1524)
This is a close up picture inside the Arch of Titus showing their representation of the Romans carrying off the Jewish minerva. Isn't it amazing to think how long it must have taken these ancient sculptures to carve these pictures into the stone.
arch, with only one passageway...
A gateway...Titus' conquest of Judea which ended the Jewish Wars (66-70)
This arch was built after 82 AD to commemorate the conquest of Jerusalem. It is located at the eastern end of the Forum.
Commemorating the victory over Israel after the First Revolt a detail of the menorah being taken as part of the spoils of war.
This triumphal arch commemorates the victory of the emperors Vespasian and Titus in Judea in 70 CE, which lead to the conquest of Jerusalem.
The simplest of the three major arches in the area marks the entrance to Palatine Hill and the Forum.