Trajan & Imperial Forums, Rome
Trajan's Forum was built in the 2nd century AD and is located next to Trajan's Column and Markets. The largest basilica in ancient Rome, Basilica Ulpia, was located in this Forum. Only a small section of Trajan's Forum has been exposed and excavated. The rest, unfortunately, is buried under Rome's streets.
This 40m - high column was erected by Emperor Trajan after he conquered the Dacians (in modern-day Romania). The column shows the history of the conquest, as well as the clothing and equipment of Roman and Dacian soldiers, and gives a wealth of information if you study it closely. Unfortunately, the sculpture suffers heavily from the traffic fumes.
Erected in the early 2nd century AD, Trajan's Column celebrates his victories in Dacia, a region in today's Romania. The impressive 40 metre column tells the story of the Roman campaign to Dacia in the most detailed and beautiful carvings circling the column. The statue of Saint Peter's on top of the column replaced Trajan's statue in the 16th century. The column is located by Trajan's Market, just off Via dei Fori Imperiali and opposite Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele.
If you like history or archeology, in the very center of the town you have to visit the imperial forums... yes, the name arrived in the internet with the meaning of "the places where people meet each other"... like ancient romans did in those square an buildings. Here you can visit the ancient "Senatus" (another name survided more than 2500 years, right?) building, the Curia (see the floor on pict #2).
And, winking to all of US VT friends, the picture #1 is from the Capitol Hill... Oh, yes, the ORIGINAL one! ;-)
This road runs from the 'Typewriter or Wedding Cake' to the Colisseum. You have a great view of the Colisseum down this road. We didn't notice if this is always true, but Sunday mornings, it is closed to traffic and packed with people. It seemed like all of Rome was walking on this road, along with a ton of market stalls and street performers.
Trajan's Column marks the beginning of Trajans market. It was erected in 113 AD and illustrates the war with the Dacians. It is hollow inside and has 185 steps to the top, although it is not open to the public. It is made up of 19 cylindrical blocks. Atop the column sits St Peter, who at some point replaced the original sculpture of Trajan.
Developed in the 2nd century AD, the roman forums and the whole surrounding area is a place that is soaked with history and culture.. The Trajan Marketplace is a fascinating work of art, and is said to be the world's first shopping mall ;) (Its no wonder you save up for your trip to Italy)!! If you look at the architecture of this market, you'll notice that there were more than 100 shops lined up, and there seem to be corridors passing through the different parts..just like your modern mall.
on the hill overlooking the forum of augustus is the casa dei cavalieri di rodi. this was the medieval roman headquarters of the knights of rhodes, also known as the knights of malta. open to the public by appointment only.
this forum was built by emperor augustus to celebrate his victory over the assassins of julius caesar, brutus and cassius in 41BC. the columns in the picture are the ruins of temple of mars. much of the forum now lies under the via dei fori imperiali.
Trajan's Forum is the last of the imperial forums that were built by successive emperors to expand the original Roman Forum. It was designed by the renowned architect Apollodorus of Damascus and was completed during the reign of Trajan's successor Hadrian. The Basilica Ulpia, the largest basilica in ancient Rome, was part of Trajan's forum. Sadly, much of it now lies under the modern road Via dei Fori Imperiali. A large equestrian statue of Trajan also once stood here. The most visible and well-preserved monument in Trajan's forum is of course Trajan's column.
Trajan's Market, adjacent to Trajan's Forum, is a large semicircular building which consisted of many small shops. This was a thriving market in ancient times, where the people of Rome would come to make all their daily purchases. The original market was built on two levels; additional levels were added during the middle ages, along with the brick tower called the Torre delle Milizie, which is visibly leaning. Though much of the market is visible from the street, if you want to walk around inside the building it is open to visitors for a fee; access is from Via IV Novembre.
Photo by saridder
This massive column stands in Trajan's Forum, which is part of Trajan's Forum across the street from the original Roman Forum. The column, which stands 38 metres high, was built in 113 A.D. to honour the emperor Trajan for his two victorious campaigns against Dacia (what is now Romania). The story of the campaigns is told in intricate detail through the bas-relief sculpture that winds all the way up the column. There are around 2500 figures in these battle scenes, 59 of which are of the emperor Trajan himself. Inside the column, a spiral staircase also winds up to the top. This is not open to the public though, so the only one who can see the gorgeous view from up there is the bronze statue of St. Peter which now crowns the monument. Peter was put there by the Pope in 1588, replacing the statue of Trajan which stood there in ancient times. When Trajan died in 117 A.D., his ashes were buried in a golden urn inside the base of the column, though they are not there now.
The Imperial Forums are composed with: Caesar's Forum, August's Forum, Peace's Forum, Nerva's Forum and Trajan's Forum. Following the example of Julius Caesar who built the first forum of the set in 46 b. C., all the most important Roman emperors wanted to leave their sign building a forum called after their name.
The archaeological area is one of the richest in the world, and for all the lovers of ancient art and history the visit to the Imperial Forums represents one of the most suggestive stages Rome can offer. The most important among the various forums that compose the set is Trajan's Forum. Within the Trajan's Forum, the Trajan's Column is placed, that represents through its figures the Roman Empire's victories. After the Empire's decadence all this area was covered by debrises century after century and at the beginning of the '900 the result was that the roman forums was completely replaced by normal houses built in different moment and styles. With the arrival of fascist regime, Mussolini ordered to pull down all the buildings, making resident people move to alternate areas, and the Roman Forums were dig up for a new shining dress.
This road runs from the Colosseum to the Vittorio Emanuele II monument and passes many of Romes great sights, a must to walk along. Try not to go when it's busy to enjoy it more. Sunday mornings there are street entertainers, market stalls and about 50% if the population in attendance!
Our first day in Rome and we headed down to the Coliesum but on the way we came accross Plazza Venezia and the Vittorio Emanuele II monument and the Foro Traiano, the Foro di Augusto, and the Forodi Cesare. These Forums were to the left of the monument and were 30 or more feet below the Piazza level. Many of the columns had been broken, however there were many that remained nearly intack and were very high. These forums were worth visiting and they are on the street that leads to the nearby Coliseum. View the photos and see how small people are relative to the height of the columns.
After having won the battle of Philippi in the year 42 B.C. and having Ceasar's death revenged, emperor Augustus decided to build a new forum next to Ceasar's forum. Main part of the forum was the temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the avenger) where Ceasar's sword was placed. The forum was inaugurated on August 1st of the year 2 B.C. - the first day of the month which was named after the emperor. Several statues were placed in the forum and so this forum was used more for prestigious reasons and to keep traditions alive than as an extension of the other forums. Unfortunately, this forum suffered more from Mussolini's architectural plans than the others and so a large part is covered now by his prestige boulevard, which is now the Via dei Fori Imperiali.
The Forum of Augustus is not accesible to the public, but you can have a look onto it from the Via Alessandrina. The building with the three large columns is the temple of Mars Ultor.