Porta dei Vacca is located in the south-western part of Via Prè, near the church of San Sista. This gate was built between 1155-1159 to defend the medieval centre from enemies. Its previous name was "Porta di Santa Fede.
Only after the 13th century the gate was called "dei Vacca" beacuse of the name of a family living in that neighbourhood.
Porta dei Vacca is very similar to Porta Soprana which is located in the opposite direction.
Porta dei Vacca was restored in 1960-1961. This restoration was limited to the tower facing the sea; the other tower was restored by G.B.Pellegrini in 1782 and forms a part of the nearby Serra Palace.
Favorite thing: An imposing arched gateway with twin towers built in the 12th century. It was the main gateway for people and goods arriving from the interior. On the right you can see the house of Christopher Columbus and the Romanesque cloister of Sant'Andrea.