Palazzo Ducale & Piazza De Ferrari, Genoa
Piazza De Ferrari is Genoa's most important public square. It links Genoa's historical heart with its modern, commercial centre. In the middle of the square a large fountain shoots jets of water into the air.
Several important buildings are located on this square.
The Palazzo Ducale which means Doge's Palace has its main entrance round the corner on Piazza Matteotti, and its second entrance on Piazza De Ferrari. This grand old building was
once the home of the Doges of Genoa, but is now a museum as well as a centre for cultural events and arts exhibitions. This palace dates from 1251. In July 2001 the Palazzo Ducale hosted the G8 Summit, which was attended by the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom and United States.
The Teatro Carlo Felice is the main opera house of Genoa. It is used for performances of opera, ballet, orchestral music, and recitals. The hall is called after Duke Carlo Felice, and dates from December 24th, 1824. In 1941 a shell fired by a British warship hit the roof of the theatre making a large hole. Further damage occurred on the 5th of August, 1943 when incendiary bombs caused a backstage fire. After the war the restoration of the theatre began, but it did not officially re-open until June 1991.
There is also an equestrian statue of Garibaldi in front of the theatre.
The huge building of the New Stock Exchange of Genova (La Borsa Valori) was built in 1912, with the curved facade and facing Piazza De Ferrari. This monumental palace, with arched pillared porch, was designed by the local architect Dario Carbone. The huge structure of the palace is perfectly interpolated in between streets of XX Settembre and Dante.
At the end of 19th century Genova was the main financial centre of Italy, along with Milano. The old Stock Exchange used to be at the Piazza Banchi in Loggia della Mercanzia.
Today this building serve partly to the local Chamber of Commerce and partly for important public events and exsibitions.
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was Italian general, politician but above all he was the patriot. Along with Cavour, Mazzini end Vittorio Emanuele II, he is considered as one of the Italy's "Fathers of the Fatherland". Garibaldi was a central figure in the Risorgimento (the Resurgence - Italian movement for unification), since he personally commanded and gought in many military campaigns for the unification. Italian people call him also "Hero of two Wordls", because he conducted military campaigns in both South America and Europe.
Garibaldi broke up with Mazzini in terms of a political solution to the unification, believing that only King Vittorio Emanuele II could bring this process to the end. He broke up with Cavour too, never forgiving to him for missing chance of affiliating Niza to Italy. It should know that Cavour was born in Niza.
For the majority of Italians, Garibaldi is most beloved politician and military leader in the history of the country.
Torre del Popolo or Torre Grimaldina is the same name for the tower which is adjacent to Palazzo Ducale and was always considered to the the symbol of political power of the Republic. First time mentioned in 1200 when Alberto Fieschi acquisted the palace in order to make it the seat of the Comune. The tower itself, however, dates probably from around the 10th century because it has the same characteristics as defending towers from that period. Only the top of the tower with the campanile dates from the beginning of the 17th century.
From 14th century onwards the tower served as the dungeopn and prison for the local nobles who resisted or were conspirators against the current government. Many famous Genevose people were inhabitants of the prison, among them even Nicilo Paganini was imprisoned here in 1815, charged of seduction and rape of minor, from which he was later acquitted. Prisoners had rather dismal existance, imprisoned in the cold, damp and windy cells, also were subjected to frequent torture.
The top of the tower, over which flies the Cross of St. George, offers incredible viewof the city.
Do you like Statue's with Horse's, I do!
Located infront of the Theatre, "Carlo Felice" in Piazza de Ferrari, is a nice monument of Garibaldi on his Horse.
Garibaldi is known as an "Italian National Hero," with monuments in his memory found in many countries around the World. He was very popular with the people and has the credit of making unification of Italy come true. He died in 1882, and since his death, five Italian Navy ships have been named after him.
What is a Doge?
Well, a Doge is another name for a Duke, and so the building is known as "Doges Palace," or in Italian "Palazza Ducale."
This is another important building in Piazza De Ferrari, built between 1251 and 1275. It was the home of the first Genoese Doge. During the 14th century, it was added to, and it was during this time, the medieval appearance disappeared, and new one was born. In 1539, more addition's, and this time it was the Tower, given the name "Tower of the People."
I really liked the exterior with all the decoration, the figures and the balcony, I thought it very nice!
The Palace of the Doges was restored in 1992, for celebrations of Christopher Columbus and the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America.
And, another important event took place here in July 2001.......
The Palace hosted the G8 Summit, which was attended by the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom and United States.
Exhibitions with admission charge open from 9am to 7pm, closed Monday.
Ticket office: Tuesday to Sunday from 9am to 6.30pm.
A lot more detail is on the website.
I admired and admired this huge building and also wondered what it was used for.
It was the home of the Genoa Stock Exchange, built between 1907 and 1912, and was the oldest in Italy. I say "was," as in 1998 it closed its doors. To me, this was one of the most beautiful buildings in Genoa, different, because of the curved facade facing Via XX Settembre and Via Dante, as well as the central Piazza De Ferrari. It took up the whole width between the streets. It's very decorative, and has many, many faces on the exterior.
It is now the premises of an "exclusive" Club.
This is the main square of Genoa, and a rather beautiful one at that!
Quite a large, paved square with a Foutain residing in the middle. It was popular, everybody seemed to want their photo taken, so very hard to get one with nobody in it, I didn't!
The area is where the old and new city meet, and it has been restored in latter years to what I saw today. A very nice area, with beautiful, old buildings surrounding it. Evidently, most of the Banks and Stock Exchanges were here, so that is why they are impressive!
Palazzo Ducale is huge imposing building extending over two city squares, facing and accessed from Piazza Giacomo Matteotti while the rest of it overlooking Piazza de Ferrari. Once seat of Genova's rulers it is nowadays housing a few museums and archives. This building is usually used for the high-profile temporary art exibitions.
The first parts of the palace were built between 1251 and 1275, while the Torre Grimaldina - also called Torre del Popolo - was completed in 1539.
I just loved this piazza! So much to see, and wouldn t it been great to just sit here for a whole afternoon inhaling the Genoa spirit?
Of course not! more to see, more to taste, more more more!
La Galleria Giuseppe Mazzini, Genoa’s elegant 19th Century architectural gem, an imitation of the Vittorio Emanuele Gallery in Milan, was built in the second half of the 19th century. It connects Piazza Corvetto and Piazza De Ferrari with the Carlo Felice theatre.
The Gallery was named after Giuseppe Mazzini, the famous Italian patriot, philosopher and politician, who was born here in Genoa
Beautiful shops, cafes are inside the Gallery covered by glazed roof in metal framework. During Christmas time the popular book and antique fair held here.
This is certainly the most beautiful square in Genua with this great fountain in the middle and Via XX Settembre - the main shopping-street of Genua - ending here on the left of my picture.
On the same square you will also see some other great buildings :
Teatro Carlo Felice ( my last picture)
Palazzo Ducale (my 4th picture) - BUT at Piazza de Ferrari you see just the backside of the palazzo, it looks a lot better from the other side of the building !
Palazzo Ducalo was first built in 1339. After centuries of expansion and changes with 1992 restoration, it became a venue for exhibitions. I saw an exhibition of artworks by children. Smiles gleamed as innocence was vividly shown on each art piece. With Italy celebrating its 60th independence(in 2006), there will be more exhibitions here. A flashing display of Italy's Arts and Culture filled Genoa when I was there. I think this year will be one of the better years to visit Italy.
This fountain in the middle was built in the 19th century. I like the fountain very much and went three rounds for the fun of it. Walking around the area, you can find interesting shops and buildings. There are many bus services coming to Piazza Ferrari.
Look at this great work of art that was used to knock on the doors of Palazzo Ducale.These doors are really huge and about 6-8 meters high...
...and when you look up on top of these huge doors, you will also see another handle for the door in a hight of more than 6 meters...(Was that for the giants, or is it just a funny idea by the architects ??)
My last 3 pictures show also the interesting interior of this old palazzo !