This marble carved slab (Via Palazzo di Città) commemorates the memory of Lieutenant General Emilio Degiorgis (1844-1908), who was born in this house, was Supreme Commander of the gendarmerie in Macedonia and who was awarded the title of Pasha by the Ottoman (Turkish) government. Who said that Turkey was not a part of Europe ?
The Poor from Lyon or Waldensian settled throughout Europe. In Italy, they are called "Valdese", in France "Vaudois". We find their traces in Bohemia, in Germany, in southern and central Italy. With sober habits, they strictly followed Jesus' teaching about The Sermon on the Mount, and also refused to swear oaths. The testimony of their lives is expressed in the didactic poem La Nobla Leiçon, written in the old Occitan language.
Excommunicated and condemned for heresy, they were hunted down and put to death. Their faith was the same as the Cathars'. The Inquisition became the main instrument for their control and repression, and the tortures to obtain confessions and the burning at the stake were frequent.
For decades Europe has lived in terror. Finally the Waldensians were uprooted from almost all countries using every possible means. Only small groups remained in the valleys of Piedmont, in the Dauphiné and in Calabria.
The Val d'Angrogna (Angrogna Valley) is the Waldensian Thermopylae, the most beloved and sacred of the Valleys, "the very heart of the Valleys" they say....
More information at Olympic mountains
The Waldensians, called "Valdese" in Italy, "Vaudois" in France, are a Protestant religious community that for the last 800 years has survived and prospered, despite repeated attempts at repression and extermination during the first five centuries. Their history is very interesting. I have taken the following from several Waldensians such as Waldensians historic places
The Waldensian historical sites are located in the Cozie Alps of northwestern Italy. About one third, 15,000 of the Waldensians still live in these areas, while the other two thirds, about 30,000, have expanded to other areas within Italy and to other countries such as Germany, Argentina and Uruguay.
The beginning of the last millennium was characterised by a search for spirituality, for a desire to find a deep, living faith in God. While the schism of the Orthodox Church and the conquest of Jerusalem took place, many renewal religious movements with ideals of perfection and purity were born in Europe:
* Cathars, who settled throughout the Occitan region of the Languedoc. Their slaughter, ordered by Innocent III, caused an "ethnic cleansing" and the destruction of people and of a culture of a very high level.
* The movement, which followed the example of Francis of Assisi, had more fortune on its side. It was absorbed by the Catholic Church and led back to the "straight and narrow".
* In contrast to Francis, another merchant, Valdesius of Lyon, did not accept only to make a profession of poverty, but, as he heard "If you wish to be perfect, go and sell your possessions and give the money to the poor, and you will have a treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." thought it was necessary to preach the Gospel to make it known by everybody.
We are in the Alps and even school is on top ! I swear I have not leaned the picture, it was leaning by itself (or may be by a mischievous individual !). However, it seems to say that the school is 80m higher ! I have not checked.
Soon, I will build a page "Schools of the world".
I found this mailbox in Piazza Trento. It was inbedded in the front of a house. Though I am convinced that it was not any more in use, there was no warning about it ! It bears the shield of Piedmont, the same as Savoy, and this is not pure chance !