This impressive doorway to the Bo University is cast in Bronze, which was seized from the enemy during WW1.
It was the work of G. Qrsolini and G. Casanova, which was carried out between 1922 - 1923%c.
The door bears the names of the University's students who died in the war
I entered through this doorway, not knowing that it was the University- I was just interested in the doorway and then the crests etc.
The Doorway leads into 'The Heroes Entrance' - This is so named because of the marble memorial tablets in memory of the students who died in the Wars of Independence and Freedom which happened between 1848 and 1945.
The University was the only one in Italy to be awarded the Gold Medal for Military Valor, for its contribution to the Resistance Movement, and the Battle for Freedom!
An inscription at the bottom of the marble stele explains why this University was awarded the Gold Medal
In the New Courtyard of Bo University, is this stone carved plaque commemorating one of this Universities world renowned lecturer's - Galileo Galilei!
He described his 20 years of teaching here as the best period of his life
Through The Heroes Door, and past the staircase of Humanity and Culture, if you walk forward, you will find yourself in The New Courtyard (as opposed to the 16th Century Old Courtyard)
This narrow courtyard was renovated and designed by Ettore Fagiuoli (1884-1961).
Its' main feature is the white marble relief, which features figures of soldiers and men- It is a celebration of the warring spirit of the Paduan students in a style typical of the Fascist period, with a Latin quotation (by Concetto Marchesi- a rector and Latin scholar) underneath.
This was completed by Attilio Selva in 1939.
The Quotation reads -
HIC VIVUNT HIC VIGENT HIC RENOVANTUR IN AEVUM TOT BELLORUM ANIMAE,
Which translates into English as-
'In this place, the souls of those who died in so many wars are restored for ever to life, valor and youth'.
In this courtyard, against the wall opposite this relief is The 'Resistance and Freedom Monument-
This work is by J. Kounellis, and it was unveiled on 29th May 1995- for the Universities celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Liberation.
It's dedicated to 3 great Masters of this University - Rector Concetto Marchesi, a Communist, his Prorector - Egidio Meneghetti -a liberal-socialist and the Catholic Professor Ezio Franceschini.
It symbolises 'the unity of purpose reached in dramatic circumstances between these men of very different political ideas in a common fight for freedom'.
I'm afraid that I didn't realise that these slats of wood were a monument - I assumed it was just an exposed wooden wall
I was quite impressed by these paintings.
I'd entered through the gateway, not knowing at the time that this was the University- I was just enjoying wandering around.
This staircase leads to the Rectors rooms and was designed by Giovanni Ponti.
The frescoes on the walls are entitled 'L'umanita e la cultura (Mankind and Culture), and were painted in 1941. They depict the birth of humanity and of human culture.
The left wall contains scenes of Chaos, Adam and Eve, the invention of fire and the development of science.
At the foot of the stairs, the young student enthusiastically begins to climb, guided by his master.
Sciences, developing and stemming from each other, are depicted by paintings rising up the walls.
By the time the student has reached the top he is old, and disconcerted by the infinite possibilities for human knowledge.
This is depicted by the painting of books falling from his hands, and a 16th century Latin motto "anchora imparo"
I found this light and airy staircase to be quite impressive.
See my Bo University tip for More Info
Entering through 'The Heroes Entrance' on the left side, at the foot of the splendid painted staircase is this marble statue
This is the last work of the sculptor Arturo Martini. The statue is dedicated to Primo Visentin, who was nicknamed Massaccio.
He was a partisan commander, who was a graduate of Padova University, and was decorated with a gold medal for his work and his contribution in the Resistance movement.
The statue depicts Palinurus, Aeneas' helmsman, who died within sight of the coastline of Italy, after a painful journey from Troy.
Visentin similarly died at the end of the war, when there was a glimmer of liberation of Italy- the cause he had fought and died for
It was founded in 1222 and is to be the second oldest and one of the largest with 63,000 universities in Europe. It was at a peak in 14-18th centuries, and the student body had split into segments based on where they came from for many years. The first three buildings were bought by the Capoudivacca family in 15th century, and it was the official unicersity in 1493. A group of buldings were added in mid 1500's. Only the tower and one building remain from the originals. Legendary persons such as Dante, Copernicus, and Galileo (taught here 18 years) attended here. It is named after an inn called Bo-or ox in our English lingua, meaning the central government and university together. The Palazzo Bo is the central focal point for the university, which has buildings around ther and in the rest of the old city. The entry is a mystery and we did not go in except for the Risorgimento and many decorated rooms and wallpaper, by entering through CAfe Pedrocchi. The cost is 3 Euro and maybe not always open when you wish. Much is said to be posbily closed to touring.
The University of Padua is known as Bò (ox), the name of the Hotel over which the university was built.
The university of Padua was founded in 1222. There is not much left of the original buildings, but there are some interesting things to visit: the "Torre dei Papafava", the "Palazzo Capodivaca" and the "Anatomic Theater", the first Anatomy Study classroom (in 1594). In the "Sala dei Quaranta" you can visit Galileo’s old chair.