History Classes (very interesting!), Luxembourg
Siegfried, the count of the Ardennes, built a castle at the place which is known as the Corniche. This happened in 963 and the town which developped got the name Lucilinburhuc which means The Little Fortress.
The region became an independent duchy in 1354. Due to its position it was very sought-after during the centuries but from 1867 on it has been independent and neutral, and in 1890 Luxembourg City became the capital of the Grand Duchy.
The city crest has since 1235 looked like it does today, earlier it was the red Limburg lion in a silvery field.
Favorite thing: When I have seen this I was really amazed. It is really very funny to see everything like on your palm. In Grund there are little houses remaining poor people who planted herbals for nearby Closter for making medicines. Today it is an attraction of the city.
Hello. Welcome to my Luxemburg site, a site about my home country's capital. I am glad to present you this town, and I definitly hope, you will visit my country one day. Luxemburg is the 5th smallest country in the world, but yet has much to show you. Luxembourg - city may not be as old as London, or as big as New York, but still... it has to offer magnificent vieuws, a whole bunch of history (which started in 963 with the founding of the fortress) and a lot of welcoming pubs, where you can relax and digest all the history.
Fondest memory: So, welcome to this page, feel free to wander around and enjoy. If you have more questions, feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org maybe I can be of some assistance.
As far back as 963 Count Siegfried chose the Bock promontory to build his fortress which was to become, together with the first market near Saint Michael’s Church, the cradle of the city, surrounded by a simple fortification. In the course of the years a second and third fortification were constructed on the west side, whereas the rocks of the “Pétrusse” Valley and of the “Alzette” Valley constituted a safe natural defence. All these powerful ramparts, however, did not prevent the Burgundians from taking the city by surprise in 1443; it developed into a strategic position, important on the European chess-board. After more than four centuries the best military engineers of the Burgundians, the French, the Spaniards, the Austrians and of the Germanic Confederation ended up transforming the city into one of the mightiest emplacements in the world, known as the “Gibraltar of the North”.
Fondest memory: Three girdles of battlements provided its defence: the inner one was fortified with bastions; the second included fifteen forts and the third was composed of an exterior wall, containing nine forts, all hewn into the rock. An extraordinary network of 23 km of underground tunnels - the so-called casemates - and more than 40.000 m2 of bombproof rooms were hewn in the rocky foundations of the city. They were capable of sheltering not only thousands of defenders with their equipment and their horses, but also workshops for artillery and arms, kitchens, bakeries and slaughter-houses.
The fortifications covered a surface of 180 ha, while the city accounted for only about 120 ha, inclusive of its lower districts. The Treaty of London, signed by the super-powers on May 11th 1867, stipulated the dismantling of the bulwarks, 10% of which still remain visible. The fortress ramparts and the historically impressive Old Town enjoy international reputation: in 1994 UNESCO listed them as World Heritage.
Favorite thing: do the wenzel walk (1000 year in 100 minutes) more info on: the luxmbourg city site
Have a beer or glass of wine on the Place d'Armes. It is an integral part of the pedestrian zone, surrounded by lots of street cafés, it has become the place where the young and the old, the locals and the visitors meet. Place d'Armes, also named 'Parlour of the City', was aligned by Sebastian van Noyen from Utrecht and completed by Governor Jean Charles de Landas in 1671. The French troops of Louis XIV paved the square, planted lime-trees and used it for parades.
During my visit an Orchestra performed and there was a flee market being held. Great fun and a good place to people watch. Everyone was in great spirits and very friendly.
The picture here is a friend of mine enjoying a beer made in Luxembourg.
Fondest memory: The feeling that I was observing history first hand. The city has maintained its old world feel while remaining relevant in todays world.