In front of the gates to the camp Westerbork there are five stones, looking like coffins or gravestones. On them the names of the concentration camps that were connected to this transport camp (Durchgangs Lager) and the number of jews (but also some other by the Nazi regime outcasted minorities). In total around 110.000 people were emprissoned in the camp and transported from here to, mainly Auschwitz and Sobibor. Only few thousands of them returned ...
Inscription in the stones:
Sobibor: 34.313 deported and eventually 34.295 jews killed
Bergen Belsen 3.751 deported and more then 1.700 killed
Theresienstadt 4.870 deported and more then 175 joden killed, about 3.000 jews were retransported to Auschwitz.
Mauthausen 1.750 deported of which only one survived.
Auschwitz-Birkenau 60.330 deported and here 56.745 eventually were killed.
In 1939 the dutch governement ordered a camp built in Westerbork to shelter the many jews that entered the Netherlands seeking refugee here from Germany. After the invasion the Germans immediately took control of it and turned it into a transport camp (Durchgangs Lager) by connecting it to the railway system. Between 1942 and 1945 the Nazi's transported more then 100.000 jews to concentration camps. Every Tuesday the train came and a selection was put into the (cattle!) wagons. Life in the camp was based on hope, but above all ... on fear.
Within the camp there were various parts. Small factories let the prisonners work under poor circumstances. In a corner of the camp were the penal barrracks, surrounded by even more barb wire. Here the jews that had hide from the Nazi's were punished for that fact and often they were put on transport rather quickly after arrival. The Nazi camp guards told them that in Poland they would be treated worst then they others, just because they had hidden themselves. Also the family Frank ended up here before going on transport to the concentration camps. Which family Frank, I hear some say. Well, maybe then it's time that you read Anne Frank's diary.
Maybe most impressive within the now-a-days quite empty camp Westerbork are the two items that make up the national monument. On the farthest side the last remaining pieces of the rail road track form the first part of this commemoration site. The tracks are bent and broken, emphasising that what happened here should never happen again.
The second part of the national monument within the camp is a wide open space that has been filled with groups of small stones that in an areal view appear to be the map of the Netherlands. Each group of the in total 102.000 stones, stands for a province and the small rectangle redish coloured stones are topped with a jewish star. The height of the stones variates, it symbolises the uniqueness of each individual behind the stone. The monument gives us herewith a horrific clear view about how many people were send to death from this terrible place. The monument is not seldomly the only place where remaining family and friends can turn to as nothing else has been left from their loved ones.
When leaving the camp mark the stone with the text in four languages that lays next to a small information pavillion. This stone is cut out the mountains near Jeruzalem.
After the war the camp was used for about three years as prisonners camp for traitors and NSB-ers (similar politcal group as the Nazi NSDAP in Gemany). After this period it became a refugee camp for the many South Molucan people that flead Indonesia after it's independance and it's occupation of the Moluccan archipelo (which lasts until this day). It was then known as Schattenberg. in 1971 the last barracks were put to the ground and the camp became a memoial site.
Astronomers want to map the universe. this can be done by "lens"-telescopes (visual), but as well by radiotelescopes (radiowaves). These waves are caught by the dishes of which the parabolic shape centres the waves into the core and herewith emplify it. The detectors (sensors) in the centre are equipment in such a way that with computer one can make images of these radiation. The dishes are made in such a way that they can move up and down as well as from left to right (and vice versa of course). This way they can "listen" to the complete Nortnern hemispheric universe.
Together we stand strong also counts for radio telscopes. In Westerbork 11 telescopes are standing in a row and follow exactly eachothers movements. This technique is called "interferometrie" and is also possible over larger distances. In European cooperation many telescopes work together to emplify the radiowaves to the maximum and "look further and further" into the amazing depths of our univers. The nearby Dwingeloo (also some radiotelescopes) holds a keypart in this process. Here many special technical equipment is produced by ASTRON.
The Museum van Papierknipkunst displays the history of paper cutting arts.
Originally a Chinese art form, paper cutting spread over Europe during the Middle Ages.
The oldest Dutch art on display dates from the 17th century by Anne Marie Schuurmann.
The collection is an extension of the famous cutting art by a number of local people.
Changing exhibitions of collections by other artist is part of the display.
A movie is shown that explains the art of paper cutting.
Opening hours: May - September: 10AM - 5PM with daily cutting workshops.
Spring, Fall and Christmas holidays: weekdays: 1.30PM - 4PM
Entrance fee: Euro 2.25 (adult).
This memorial-Center will take you back in time and will tell you the story of 102.000 people who were transported to extermination camps elswere and who never came back....
I must say its not a nice place to go but somehowe I feel everyone should have been there just once in there life, so we do not forget what happened during the 2nd WW.
If you walk from the parking to the Radio-telescopes you can follow the "Milky-Way"-lane. Along this path you will find all different kind of signs with explenations about different planets like Venus, Mecure, Earth, Pluto etc.
How many times bigger .. how many moons . temperature .. etc etc
When arriving at the visitor centre, the actual camp is still asbout 2,5 kilometres away. The visitor centre has a complete exposition that tells about what happened here in Westerbork during the second world war. this is done with stories, pictures and items, which in total give a shocking review about the trransportations of jews to the concentration camps within Germany and Poland. After a good look around in the visitor centre one can proceed on foot or by bus to the camp.
The memorial museum is opened from 10-17 hrs and in the weekend from 11-17 hrs.
For people who are interested in WWII or in history about jewish people in Holland its an impressive trip.
The camp is only reachable by foot or bike, or by special bus
Entrance of the Camp is free
entrance museum :
2,50 euro 18yrs.
4,50 > 18 yrs.
In westerbork you will find 14 radio-telescopes that are, if Im not mistaken, still working. There are 2 different routes to choose from. The 1st will be direct to the WSRT and the 2nd is an educative route through the woods, along the so-called Milky way-lane.
This museum was build in 1970 as a remembrance of the murder on 102.000 humans, amam, a dad, a grandmother, a grandpa, an uncle, an aunt, a brother, a sister, a cousin, a niece, a friend, a girlfriend, a neighbour, a classmate...and its a story of 5000 survivors.
Before Yvonne and i went into this museum we walked our way to the camp itself.
We walked for about 2 hrs throught the snow. U can choose between the Hemelpad (through the wood)and Bospad(normal road).
We went through the wood and the snow was somehow a good "decor" for the horror what happened here during WWII... it was abolutly quiet, white and in a way sinister...
During this walk u come in the "forest of the future" small wooden plates are put in the ground near a tree with all kind of text for beloved ones.
Big round blue signs with explanation about planets show u the way to the camp and to the radiotelescopes.
The museum it self has a permenent exhibiton about the period of 1939-1945.
Every hour there is a documentary with a film made by a german to promote himself to the Gestapo and other persons