Biggest impact on Arnhem in history was no doubt the last half year of the second worldwar. In September 1944 the allied forces tried to get the boys back home before Christmas through a bold airborne attack to capture and take the bridges over the large rivers in The Netherlands and so enter Germany directly into it's heart: the Ruhr-area (industry). All bridges were taken (except the Son-bridge that took care of delay). Only Arnhem bridge couldn't be held long enough and a dreadful massacre followed as the British soldiers did not want to give up. All can be reviewed in the museums in and around Arnhem (most comlpete is the Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek, see separate page). In the churchtower there is a short explanation, while looking onto the bridge down below. That "one bridge too far".
Fondest memory: Too many, too various ... let's just call it "home".
Arnhem, also called "Gelders Haagje" (Gelderland Hague), is the capital of this province. It got city rights on 13 July 1233 from the abbey of Prum. In the twelfth century a toll house was established by the Count of Gelre, later moved to Lobith in 1233.
Originally it became the capital of the Veluwe quarter, but later Arnhem became the capital of province Gelderland. Historically Arnhem has been the center of government and justice in the Mid-Eastern parts of The Netherlands. In the year 1487 the city of Arnhem was granted six guilds.
During Napoleontic times, Arnhem was ruled by France (1672 -1674 and again for 18 years beginning in 1795). It was finally liberated by the Prussian army in 1813.
In the beginning of the nineteenth century Arnhem and its surroundings provided a very attractive resort area for the wealthier residents of The Netherlands. Its popularity enhanced by the new rail access (the line from Amsterdam to Köln (Germany). In 1870 the interest began to decrease. The city began reorganizing to make more attractiveness. In this time Arnhem purchased land to develop the beautiful parks and - on the other hand attracted large (chemical) industry to provide jobs (Akzo). Tourist attrcations came with the Openairmuseum and the always expanding Burgers Zoo. Today visitors can still enjoy these wonderful attractions.
On the tenth of May, 1940, Arnhem was taken by the Nazi's. For five long, destructive years Arnhem was the center of the underground resistence against the Germans. After the Battle of Arnhem, the city was evacuated for months while the fighting raged. With the residents returning to the ruins of the old city center. The Eusebius Church was destroyed and all houses in the citycentre were badly damaged. The city was rebuilt quickly however, earning the residents a fine reputation for the quality of their post-war construction.
Fondest memory: On the picture a historical place in Arnhem for me. Here I was born and raised for the first four years. Second floor of the long appartmentcomplex near the square block, first corner appartment. The square building is the headquarters of "Rijkswaterstaat" (Governement-centre for infrastructure "roads and waterways").
The Korenmarkt, the place to spend your free time!
Fondest memory: Sitting on a terrace watching people ;-) and crossing the bridge into Arnhem.
This is what I remember best: the center of Arnhem. Cosy and with lots of old buildings!
Fondest memory: The Eusebius tower, despite WW2 still standing fortunately!
When visiting Arnhem you absolutely must: Arnhem is a green town, the longue of The Netherlands, and you miss what Arnhem is about if you do not visit one of the parks. Most recommendable is Sonsbeek-park just around the corner of the centre. This romantic park lies around the Jans-creek, a little river running downhill towards the Rhine and the birthplace of the town. Fountains, waterfalls and the long green foresty lanes will give you the idea that you are not in a town at all. This park connects with park Zijpendaal, where the same named castle can be visited (classical interior). Best time to walk in the parks is April/May. The town-flower is the Rodondendron, which in this season makes the park bath in red, pink and white blossoms. Other parks: Presikhaaf, Meinerswijk (riverlands), Angerenstein, Mariëndaal, Rosendael and Immerloo.
Fondest memory: Sitting with some good friends at a Rhinekay-terrace, drinking a good glass of wine when slowly the summersun sets, or,
Near closing time in Burgers Ocean, when most visitors are gone, standing in front of the largest window in Europe and gaze into the blue shimmering light of the aquarium-ocean.
Visit National Park 'de Hoge Veluwe' and the Kroller Muller National Gallery (see my Apeldoorn page).
If you don't want to pay to get in to the park, just rent a bike and follow one of the many signed out bike-tracks.
Go out of town and visit the National park de Hooge Veluwe it is beautifull for its nature and animals. It is a big park with entrances near Arnhem, Hoende3rloo and Otterlo, were I usually live.
Fondest memory: When I am away I miss the horseriding through the woods . This is really graet, because there is so much wood around Arnhem you can ride for a whole day and You still have not seen everything.
I didn't explore beyond the museum and ArtEZ, so here are a few shots of the street the museum was on.
Fondest memory: The sense of calm.
Favorite thing: This is the symbol of the British Airborne Brigade that was dropped by Parachutes in the operation '' Market Garden ''
Favorite thing: From now until the night of Friday 20th September, Lt Col Frost's forces numbering at the outside not more than 550 all ranks, were subjected to almost continuous attack by all arms.
Favorite thing: The city center has so many nicely designed terraces. Especially on a sunny day it's great to spend and hour or so on a drink with friends.
I have only been at he zoo in Arnheim and so I can´t tell you much about the city itself. Do´n´t miss that zoo, I think that it´s one of the best zoos in Europe.
Entrance fee for adults is 13 €uros.
Favorite thing: This is a small 'beeldje' of St. Martin, who cut his mantel in two pieces for a poor man. 'Beeldjes' like this, you will find on a lot of houses in doesburg, which I think is ver pittoresk.