The ''John Frost Bridge ''over the Rhine in Arnhem
Favorite thing: The John Frost Bridge was build in the 1930's ,1932 untill 1935. This bridge was build to carry traffic from Nijmegen to Arnhem and back.
During WW2 this bridge endured major damage because of the battle of Arnhem which was fought mainly at this bridge.
A Bridge Too Far ,the name of the movie that was made to illustrate the battles fought here. More info at following tips.
This is one of the Memorials in Groenewoud Park.
Favorite thing: Lt Col Frost was in command of 2 Battalion The Parachute Regiment which dropped 6 miles west of Arnhem on Sunday 17th September 1944. The task of this battalion was to seize the main bridge over the Rhine at Arnhem and to hold this bridge until the arrival of 30 Corps.
A lonely helmet , we must remember.
Favorite thing: During the advance on the bridge Lt Col Frost commanded his battalion with great initiative and skill and by considerable enemy forces had been outflanked and the northern end of the bridge captured together with sixty prisoners. All attempts to capture the southern end of the bridge failed. The bridge itself was covered by fire from the south bank of the river while the railway bridge further downstream was blown before Lt Col Frost could get a company across.
Battle of Arnhem WW 2 commemorative gun.
Favorite thing: During the night a few other troops arrived and by the morning of Monday 18th September Lt Col Frost found himself in command of a force consisting of one Battalion The Parachute Regiment, Brigade Headquarters, one troop of Royal Engineers and a small party of Royal Army Service Corps. Meanwhile the remainder of the Brigade had met with intense resistance and, with the enemy constantly reinforcing with infantry and armour, all attempts to reinforce the defenders of the bridge proved hopeless.
The Parachute drop of '' Market Garden ''
Favorite thing: The Battle of Arnhem ,also code named.
Operation Market Garden .
In September 1944 ,British ,Polish and American airborne forces were dropped near the village '' Wolfheze ''a ways from Arnhem .
Several droppping zones were used .
The operation was designed to capture the bridges over the rivers from Arnhem to Belgium. It did not work out the way it was planned .As you will read in the following tips the operation went sour because of the strong resistance of the German troups that were around the area.The Bridge over the Rhine was '' One Bridge too Far ''.
Heavy Fighting on the Bridge.
Favorite thing: Despite no re-supply of ammunition and food, this force, under the commanding officer and inspiring leadership continued to fight magnificently; very heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy, and many tanks, S.P. guns and half track vehicles were destroyed.
Heavy Fighting near the Bridge .
Favorite thing: In 1976, Frost was invited onto the set of the Richard Attenborough film, "A Bridge Too Far", where he acted as a military consultant during the scenes concerning Arnhem Bridge. In 1977, the reconstructed Arnhem Road Bridge was christened the John Frostburg in honor of those who battled furiously to defend it, though he had originally been hesitant about accepting this offer, but was prevailed upon by Freddie Gough. In 1980, he published a well received novel about his wartime military career, A Drop Too Many.
Heavy casualties ,wounded kept in nearby houses.
Favorite thing: It was only when the enemy, having burned the defenders out of each house in turn, set fire to Brigade Headquarters house, where there were nearly 300 wounded that had to be surrendered, that co-ordinated defence ceased. Lt Col Frost though wounded on Wednesday morning, showed the greatest courage and determination throughout the battle.
It was largely due to his fine leadership that the position was maintained intact for over three days.
Jacob Groenewoud Plantsoen.
Favorite thing: This is a picture of the Commemoration for the only Dutch Military officer in this battle that died on the the 18 September 1944.
This little Park , Groenewoud Plantsoen close to the Bridge where some of the fighting took place has been named after Captain Groenewoud..
This officer was a Reserve Captain of the
Infantery ,he was born in 1916 and died in battle on September 18 1944.
The Dutch Military Williamsorde was awarded postumus to Captain Groenewoud.
Airborne monument at Airborne Square (Plein)
Favorite thing: In this picture it show the '' Airborne plein ''
or '' Airborne Square ''.with in the center a roundabout for cyclists.This area is a large Memorial with a large Monument.
The columm in the center is a piece that was left over standing of the former '' Palace of Justice ''.Arnhem was very heavily damaged due to the bombing..
Two Churches & Airborne Monument.
Favorite thing: This picture is a favorite picture of mine ,it show 3 in 1 .1) It shows the Airborne Monument 2) It shows the '' Walburgis Church '' and 3) the '' Esebius Church .
In my Gelderland page I will show much more about Churches in Arnhem still to come
Favorite thing: You may spot this house right by the entrance to the Sonsbeek Park. As I was told by Pavlik_NL soon it is going to be a Water Museum. How soon? Nobody knows, but it's a great idea of creating such a museum.
Unfortunately, Arnhem doesn't promote itself as a tourst destination on an international level, that is why there is almost no infromation in Eglish that can be found in Internet.
VT is lucky to have Paul as a member here, if you have any questions about this city just give him a shout. I'm sure he'll be glad to help.
- Museum Visits
Favorite thing: The city if Arnhem had four gates, three of them were destroyed and only one, the Sablespoort, has survived. This impressive piece of architecture once served as a family house, tax office, jail, and even mental institution. Take a walk through the gate to the Rhine river and enjoy a walk along the water.
Favorite thing: If you arrived to Arnhem and not sure about where to go and what to do, you can always step by a "VVV" tourist information office, which is located right by the cntral train station.
I would not suggest you to by any brochures or poscards in their shops, because they are overpriced, in my opinion. But you can always talk to the office representative to get all the info needed.
Address: Willemsplein 8
Website: VVVPLUS Arnhem
Nature in the middle of Arnhem
Favorite thing: In Arnhem nature can be found almost on every corner, that what makes the city so special, I think. Right in the middle of Arnhem, just a short walk from the city center you'll find the Sonsbeek Park. We walked through the park on a hot sunny Saturday. People were enjoying their day off, kids were playing in the water, students brought their homework to the green grass. Everyone seemed to be soo relaxed. And the views are beautiful, don't forget your camera.
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