Helene Kröller-Müller (1869-1939) was the founder of the museum.
She started to collect art in 1908 with the wealth of her husband. The collection contains works of the leading artist of the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
Soon she became keen on the work of Vincent Van Gogh. She admired him as a socially committed and impassioned man.
Alreday in 1911 she made plans for a museum. (designed by Berlage an H Van de Velde). But that was never realised.
In 1932 she donated her collection to the dutch state. The conditions ; they had to build a museum for it on 'de hoge Veluwe'.
After the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, this museum posesses the second largest collection of Van Gogh pictures. It started as private collection of Helene Kroeller-Mueller, member of a wealthy family, in Den Haag. Helene Kroeller-Mueller began this collection in a quite simple way: By acquiring those paitings which received bad critics for their modern style, buying them for low prices. So, not only Van Goghs made their way into this collections, but also works from Picasso, Cezanne, Gauguin, Renoir and many others. The present building was opened in 1938, after Kroeller-Mueller decided to give her collection to the state of the Netherlands. This was expanded again in the 1970s. It is easy to spend two hours in the museum and even if you have kids, they won’t be bored. There is a kind of detective game where kids have to look for details of different paintings. It keeps them entertained and maybe it is also educative.
The museum is well-known for its huge collection of modern sculptures which are placed in a park behind the museum. The park can only be visited by entering the museum. It is divided in beeldentuin (sculpture garden) and beeldenbos (sculpture woods), but noone knows why there is this division. I don’t have the slightest idea how many sculptures there are there in total, but I would guess that the number is around one hundred.
BTW; look at the sculpture in picture 4 and ask yourself if you observe or are being observed. The tree on picture 5 is a cutting from a tree which survived the nuclear bomb attack in Hiroshima. Cuttings like this are planted as a symbol of peace all over the world.
We only saw this from the outside but it is certainly an impressive country residence that once belonged to Mr and Mrs Kroller Muller and was designed by the Dutch architect Berlage.
The shape of the building is that of stags horns or antlers and it is named after Saint Hubert who is the patron saint of hunters.
This dramatic building over looks a lake and there is a small tea house with a small tea garden close to the lake. There are public toilets here too.
A magnicent display of paintings, sculpture and modern art that belongs to the Dutch state. The building that houses the collection is a pleasing low building that has accesable for all galleries and a cafe and gift shop. The cafe is called Monsiuerjacques and although we did not go in in seemed very pleasant. See www.monsieurjacques.nl/
Art wise something for everyone - the collection of the museum consists of the extensive collection of works by Vincent van Gogh - one of the most impressive overviews of his work. George Seurat, Pablo Picasso, Fernand Léger, Piet Mondriaan and other artist are also represented .
My favourite painting was one of Dutch colonial troops waiting embarkation at Rotterdam for the Dutch East Indies.
Just north of the city of Arnhem is the National Park "De Hoge Veluwe" which is one of the Netherlands' biggest national parks.
It consists mainly of the largest tracts of remaining forest in the Netherlands but here you will also find undulating heathlands and drift sands plus museums.
The park is delightfully criss crossed with well marked walking and cycle trails. It's a beautiful respite from the hectic cities and towns of this highly urbanised nation.
See the text below taken from their website. This is really easy going, just take a white bike to a location in the park, visit that location and cycle away on an other bike, because of the fact that your bike is already in use by another person!
The white bicylcle is clearly one of the most well-known features of the Park. As a visitor you are allowed to use the White Bicycles in order to be able to reach all the special places of the Park. And there are no extra costs involved. In total the Park has 1700 bicycles. They can be found at the entrances (Hoenderloo, Otterlo and Schaarsbergen), at the Kröller-Müller Museum, the St. Hubertus Hunting Lodge and in the centre of the Park. When you enter the Park, you can get on your bike right away!
Opening hours Visitors Centre and Museonder
April - October, daily 09.30 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.
November to March, daily 09.30 a.m. to 6.00 p.m.
Here you can by some gifts, get information about the park and rent the bike to cycle yor way through the park.
See how the rootsystem of an old tree looks like. What does a mole see between the earth. How is life in the ground we walk on. Get to know everything from the National Park and its inhabitants. At free translation of "Museonder" would be "Museum down below"
Daily from 10.00 to 17.00 hrs.
The Kröller-Müller Museum is world-famous for its exhibit of Vincent van Gogh, but we were unlucky enough to visit when that wind of the museum was undergoing repairs so was closed to the public. But there are also works by George Seurat, Pablo Picasso, Fernand Leger, Piet Mondriaan and others. You can find more information on the websites of the Hoge Veluwe and also the KMM (Kroller-Mueller Museum).
The Kroller-Mueller museum is named after the original owners of the park and the collection presented in the art museum...It consists of two parts, the indoor museum and the outdoor sculpture garden. You can find works from various artists such as Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Richard Serra, Mario Merz, Jean Dubuffet and Claes Oldenburg.
Also in the Hoge Veluwe is an underground museum devoted to the subject of things "below the surface". Called Museonder, they claim it is the world's first underground museum. The exhibitions takes you under and into the ground, until you reach the centre of the Earth.
The "center piece" is the complete root system of a 135 year old tree which actually hangs from the ceiling of the museum.
Within the area of the park you will find also a Landscape Garden which includes even a shifting sand dune which was part of this area before it underwent change by man. There is also a pond and paths around which you can see trees and shrubs indigneous to this area.
If you have the time and you are healthy you might want to take the white bikes that Hoge Veluwe offer for free. You can find them just past the entrance gates. You can take one and return it to the original spot or to any place within the park. It is easy riding as almost all the land area of the park is very flat.
In the most Northern part of the national park Hoge Veluwe, the Kroeller-Muller family built there huntinglodge. A summer residence that they used to get away from it all. The unique building is of architectural hights. Industrial style that is actually not seen alike in the world. In it, special features that actually only now-a-days start to become popular, implemented by the Kroller-Muller's architect already in the beginning of the 20st century. Windows that can be opened in a mid-spil (later the Velux-rooftop windows) and windows that have the system to open them tilted as well as normal.
The building is created in the image of a deer's head with the horns sticking out. The tower is symbolising the aluminated cross that appeared between the horns in the legend of Saint Hubertus. In a special travellogue more information about this wonderful monument: the "Sint Hubertus Jachtslot".
In the central part of the national park there are three main musea. The first is actually the visitor centre, where one gets good explanation about the nature reserve that makes up the National Park "Hoge Veluwe". Here one tells about the animals, while outside there are various landscape gardens showing several examples of the nature surrounding this centre part. Furthermore there are the art-musea and the "museonder". This last one is in the same building as the visitor centre.