As said the soil of the Veluwe area is poor. Various kinds of sands have been deposited in between the hills surrounding the plains of the Veluwe. The hills actually have been left in the third ice-age (the coldest) when large ice masses pushed them up on their way South, but reached these area's as furthest. On places where nature was disturbed (most often by human interferance) fine sands surfaced and started their destructive work. Drift sands were created, places where the wind had free game and pushed the sands up to hills that started slowly moving in the wind's direction - swallowing everything in their path. A few beautiful examples are to be seen within the national park.
The rough grounds are actually excisting of heather fields and steppe-like areas. In the first it's the heather ("Erica", a beautiful small bush that blossoms with tiny purple flowers, turning the fields in purple seas in August and September) that survives the constant danger over being overgrown by high grasses. The "savannah's of The Netherlands (steppe-like area's) are places where the grass defeated the heather and grows until the horizon. Of course there are various places where the process is somewhere in between and now-a-days mankind tries to create a balance by herding flocks of sheep over the fields, so grass grow is slightly slowed down.
This might be the most original museum here, but it fits in very well. What would nature be, without a healthy soil to grow on. This museum, created under ground, shows the delicate balance of nature's ground and underground levels. Something that forms literally the basis for a wonderful growth of plants above the soil. The museum shows in many visual ways and with playful examples the lifecircle inside mother earth and is thus also very intresting for children.
On the "Veluwe" plains that stretch out over a distance of 75 kiloemeters from North to South and 45 kilometers from East to West, a special part has been reserved as national park "Hoge Veluwe". This inheritage for The Netherlands from the couple Kroller-Muller is a fine and rich natural area that hold unique and special landscapes in various types. First I want to show you these, before we forget about the true art (nature) and steam on to the museums within the national park.
Once the "Hoge Veluwe" must have been a vast forest that for mankind must have been almost unpentratable. The poor soil (various sand layers) also made it unintresting as agricultural grounds. Later, when attempts to anyway cultivate the ground and therefore cut the forest, rough grounds appeared and even worse ... drift sands areas. Still, forest covers the largest surface on the Vleuwe and within the National Park.
Actually part of the Kroller-Muller-museum, outside one finds in between the green trees of the national park's forestry, the statuegarden. Here various work (from metal, concrete, wood, plastics etc.) is shown in many variants going from classical until "awfully" modern as well as from local sculptors as from far Asian or American countries. A walk through the garden and along the statues starts at a small pond next to the inside part of the museum in which a huge white sculpture floats (a duck?). The entrance lane to the building also holds a few examples of sculpting art.
In the largest building in the central part of the National Park "Hoge Veluwe" is the museum that houses the large collection of the Kroller-Muller-couple, collected by them throughout their lives. It holds the largest Van Gogh-collection, equalling the one that is to be visited in the Van Gogh-museum in Amsterdam. Besides that there are paintings of Monet, Cezanne, Renoir, Mondriaan, Toorop and many other famous painters. Inside the museum also holds a collection of statues and space for temporarily exposition. The museum is very spacious and has strict white wall, so each masterpiece comes out right. An impression can be seen in a travellogue.
The national parc ' de hoge Veluwe ' is first of all an impressive piece of nature.
5500 hectare of heath , grassplot , dunes , forest.
It has an impressive amount of wild animals. The government makes great efforts to maintain the wildlife. They build green bridges over the main roads..make tunnels for the smaller creatures , put fences along the road...
we were lucky , we were able to spot deer without a guided tour. We were driving to the hotel after dinner , the road between Uddel and Vierhouten arround 9 o'clock when I suddenly saw one animal. We stopped and soon there where about ten of them. Waaaauw.
Henry Moore - Animal Head - 1956
Definitely a big name - Henry Moore , born in 1898 , died in 1986. This is one of his smaller peices , since he has made a lot of gigantic sculptures as well. Up to a few tons of metal.
I liked this one.
(In my openion , art doesn't need a lot of blabla , you like it or you don't. You think its beautifull , it made you think , it made you understand something....whatever)
Auguste Rodin -Femme accroupie - 1882
Born in Paris in 1840 , Rodin discovered at a verry young age the art of sculpture (15 years old).. Best know work is the thinker , made in 1881 and The Monument to the Burghers of Calais.
This statue is made by 'Rombout Verhulst' who lived from 1624 till 1698.
When mr Kröller bought his house in Wassenaar she was in the garden. Later she moved to 'de Hoge Veluwe'
Flora is the roman godess of the flowers and spring. Did you knew that? And she has got a little monkey.
I loved it.
Outside the museum there is a collection of sculptures. It also contains some big names. But in the first place it is just fun to see the art and to enjoy this great peace of nature as well.
by M. Pan
The museum also contains some modern art.
I got no idea what this is...but the sign tells :
Fireworks (i forgot the number ...could it be 37?)
And it's made of oil paint
It looks like somebody has mucked with paint...Am I a barbarian now?
This windmill was build in 1852 and restored in his original setting in 1971.
He was used to grind corn adn his name is 'de hoop' witch means the hope.
The mills is 17.5 meters high and owned by the town of Barneveld.
At the moment the mill contains a VVV-office; Witch is a touristical board. Lots of information , folders , events , walking routes .... Defenitely a must if you want to get to know the place better..
The mill can still be used.
The building was designed in 1914 by Berlage. It was inspired by St'hubertus who is the saint of the hunters since mister Kröller was keen on hunting.
It must have been a really modern building at that time. They both spend the last years of their life here. The water arround the house is artificial , they had to make the floor with asphalt to make a lake.
April t/m October every day at 11.30, 12.00, 12.30, 14.00, 14.30, 15.00, 15.30, 16.00 and 16.30.
February, March, November and December every day at 14.00 and 15.00
This is the first underground museum in the world.
It is about the fauna and flora of the 'parc the hoge veluwe' and about the archeological history.
- a root of a 135 year old tree
-stones that talk about their history
-a walk to the center of earth
Did you know that there onces where hippopotamusses in the Netherlands? No , surprising isn't it?