Castle Schaloen, is a romantic castle surrounded by a moat. It was first mentioned in 1375. It was destroyed in the 80 year war with Spain, but rebuilt in 1656 by lord Hoen van Cartiels. In 1894 it was again restored in neogotic style by the famous architect Cuypers. It was only then the small towers were added and the castle got its fairytale looks.
The castle is also not open to the public, but the buildings around the castle serve as a hotel and restaurant.
And if the botanical garden next to the castle is not enough you can also visit the orchid garden. It is within walking distance, about 30 minutes.
The garden is established in 1958 by W.H.Driemont. The sheep were allowed to graze here and the trees got no change. That way the local flowers began to prosper. Today you can see many endangered species here. The garden is only open to the public in the two months the orchids bloom.
may and june from 10:00 to 17:00
Entrance is free, donations welcome.
Next to the castle Schaloen is the castlegarden. In this botanical garden you can learn a lot about the local flora. They have planted old plants that used to be grown around here. Like some wheat sorts or vegetables that are out of fashion today.
You will get a booklet with explanations. Through this garden you can get to the watermill (see previous tip). On the other side of the mill is the original castle garden, with herbs and spices, but also roses.
May through September 10.30 - 16.30
More about the garden in the travelogue.
This watermill belonging to the Schaloen castle is built between 1661 and 1665 by the Spanish, who were the occupiers then.
To get their money back the people in the area had to mill their grain here. The penalty was severe if you didn't use this mill.
The mill was powered by a huge waterwheel. But when the production had to increase the wheel was replaced by a turbine in 1924.
You can only visit the mill through the castlegarden, the entrance is only 3 Euro for both.
The driveway to castle Schaloen, a symbol of status, is very old. In 1550 this lane was on a map by Jacob van Deventer.
The lime trees you see today are about 145 years old. In 1969 the lane became property of the municipality Valkenburg. They did a survey among the trees and many of them turned out to have a dissease. But due to the excellent care the lane is looking wonderful today. Every year the gardners need 100 hours to trim the trees into the shape they have, forming a perfect shady lane.
The Genhoes is not open to the public. But is still makes a nice picture seen from a distance. (This picture was made on the road to the castle, beyond the no entrance sign...)
The castle dates back to the 12th century. Was destroyed during the 80 year war with Spain, and rebuilt in the early 17th century. The farmhouse is dating from the 18th century.
It is now owned by Natuurmonumenten, an organisation that tries to preserve nature. A nature reserve of 149 hectare is called Genhoes after the castle. It is located between Valkenburg and Schin op Geul.
There are several walkingtrips around here:
yellow 3,5 km, red 4,5 km, green 5 km and the
Korenwolfroute: 7,5 km
Do click the picture to enlarge and see the entire castle......
The church of Oud-Valkenburg is one of the oldest in South Limburg. It dates back to the 11th century. Inside the church is a special Way of the Crosses. The church is normally not open to the public.