National Monument, Amsterdam
The war memorial is in Dam square. It is a prominent stone structure by Dutch architect Jacobus Oud.
The sculptures on the monument are by John Radecker and his sons.
Paul Gregoire decorated the monument with coats of arms from the provinces of the Netherlands.
The central column stands at 22 metres (72ft) and is made from white travertine stone.
The Dutch have their “National remembrance of the dead” on May 4th each year to remember the casualties of World War II and all following conflicts.
The dominant feature of Dam Square is a 72 foot limestone obelisk unveiled on May 4 1956, Dutch Memorial Day, by then Queen Juliana as a memorial for Dutch soldiers killed in WWII, later expanded in scope to include all who died on war missions. Annually on May 4 the queen walks from the adjacent royal palace to place flowers. The central relief is entitled Peace and depicts four chained suffering male figures. To either side, two male sculptures honor the Dutch resistance one for the upper classes and one for working classes. Each has a dog to symbolize suffering and loyalty. Higher on the pillar is a female figure with a baby, for victory peace and a new life. Doves to symbolize peace are also seen scattered front and back.
The semicircular backdrop for the monument contains 12 urns containing soil from execution sites/war cemeteries in each of Holland's provinces and possessions.
Nothing comes without notoriety - the monument was the central gathering place for hippies in the 1970 era who took advantage of the tiered steps to put out their sleeping bags and camp beneath this tribute to liberty. When the government banned "dam-sleepers", a short lived riot ensued. The monument remains a central gathering place and draws multitudes of visitors.
“Where is Germany going in next? I’m suspicious of Holland, partly because it’s the one place not specifically mentioned in this propaganda campaign.”
— from the 8.May.1940 entry to “Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1934-1941” by William L. Shirer (1904-1993)
Located at Dam Square, the Netherland’s National Monument was unveiled on May 4th, 1956. The 72-foot tall, obelisk-shaped monument honors those who lost their lives during the Second World War, the Liberation of the country and peace. Queen Juliana dedicated the Monument.
May 4th is the National Day of Remembrance; the Dutch Royal Family and other national dignitaries participate in commemorative ceremonies, with the monarch laying wreaths at the Monument. A two-minute silence is observed throughout the Netherlands at 20:00 that evening.
Designed by J. J. P. Oud, the Monument features sculptural work by J. W. Rädeler symbolizing. Among other things Rädeler’s work symbolize War (four male figures), Peace (woman and child) and Resistance (two men with howling dogs).
The obelisk has urns embedded within it. The urns are filled with soil from the 11 provinces of the Netherlands; a 12th urn contains earth from the cemetery of honor in Indonesia, a Dutch colony during the War.
Throughout the year the Monument is a place where people, young and old, gather.
The Nederlands Nationaal Monument (Dutch National Monument) was dedicated on May 4, 1956 (National Remembrance Day) by then Queen Juliana, as a memorial to the victims of World War II and as a monument to liberation and peace. The figures on the 72-foot obelisk include four male figures, a woman and child and two men with dogs, which represent war, peace and resistance, respectively.
El Nederlands Nationaal Monument (Monumento Nacional de Holanda) se dedicó el 4 de mayo de 1956 (Día Nacional de Recordación) a las víctimas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y como un monumento a la liberación y la paz. Las cifras sobre el obelisco de 72 pies incluyen cuatro figuras masculinas, una mujer y un niño y dos hombres con perros, que
Amsterdam's main square became a "national" square well-known to nearly everyone in the Netherlands. It has frequently been the location of demonstrations and events of all kinds, and a meeting place for many people. On 4 May every year, the Dutch celebrate National Memorial Day (Nationale Dodenherdenking), in observance of which the last addition to the square, the National Monument, was set up in 1956.
This monument is a memorial to the Dutch citizens who lost thier lives in the World War II. It was built in 1956 and its located on the east side of the Dam Square. Not that you can miss it. It was built was a WWII memorial but now its concidered a monument for peace. There is a crucified Jesus Christ. There are four male figures signifying WAR, The is a woman and child representing PEACE, and there are two men with dogs representing resistance. You can also see two lions off to the side of the monument repersenting the Netherlands. Behind the monument there are urns filled with soil for the different states of the Netherlands.
Knowing all this you get a different prospective of this monument.
The National Monument is a high obelisk in the Dam square, erected here after the II World War. This is a memorial to the victims of the war and a monument to the liberation of the country. There are some scupltures which depicts the war (four male figures), the peace (a woman and a child) and the resistence (two men with dogs). Inside the obeliks there are 12 urns. 11 of them with sand from the 11 Dutch provinces and the 12th with sand from the Ducth graveyard in Indonesia. The monument was inaugurated the 4th of May of 1956, the national day of remembrance, by the Queen Juliana and since then each year the Queen visit this monument, lay wreaths and everyone keep 2 minutes of silence. It's really hard to imagine all the suffer of a country in current times, when this monument is always full of people that meet here with their friends just to have fun...
El Monumento Nacional es un alto obelisco en la plaza Dam, erigido tras la II Guerra Mundial. Hay varias esculturas que representan la guerra (cuatro figuras masculinas), la paz (una mujer y un niño) y la resistencia (dos hombres con perros). Dentro del obelisco hay 12 urnas. 11 de ellas tienen tierra de las 11 provincias holandesas y la duodécima tierra del cementerio holandés en Indonesia. El monumento fue inaugurado por la Reina Juliana el 4 de mayo de 1956, día nacional del recuerdo. Desde entonces cada año la Reina visita este monumento, deposita flores y todo el mundo guarda dos minutos de silencio. Es verdaderamente duro imaginar estos momentos de sufrimiento del país hoy en día, cuando este monumento está siempre lleno de gente que queda con sus amigos para divertirse...
During the sixties flower power in the Netherlands was symbolized by the famous Damslapers, a 'bunch of hippies camping out on Dam square'. Nowadays the square has lost a lot of it's former easygoing charm but it's still one of the focal points of the city. Not surprising, as Dam square is the physical center of the city ever since the dam was built to keep the Zuiderzee (Southern Sea) out. In the midst of the square is the Nationaal Monument, dedicated to the Dutch soldiers and members of the resistance who died during World War Two. To the west the square is flanked by the Royal Palace.
In Dam Square is the National Memorial statue, erected in memory of Dutch soldiers and members of the resistance who died in World War 2. Unveiled in 1956, the monument stores soil from all of Holland’s provinces as well as from the Dutch East Indies and if you go to the back of the obelisk tower, you'll find the provinces' crests.
Well I don't know much about this monument except that this is at the centre of the Dam square, very noticeable and that this was the first thing that attracted my eyes as i entered the Dam Square. This white pillar is decorated with beautiful sculptures of human bodies. And yes, one tip. If you are tired after a long day's sightseeing and touring around, you can sit on the stairs here. I saw many people sitting there and relaxing.
The National Monument, a white stone pillar erected in 1956 to commemorate the victims of World War II. This is where you'll see people just sitting and resting their tired feet.
Good spot to watch people.
The National Monument in Dam Square is a memorial to those who fought and died in World War II and is the focus each year for commemorations of the victims of the war.
Built in 1956 it is quite a striking piece of architecture especially when the sun strikes it. The statues at the base of and on the obelisk represent war, peace and resistance and the lions are a symbol of the Netherlands.
Despite its more modern design I think the monument fits quite well and doesn’t look at odds with the older buildings surrounding it.
This monument was built in 1956 after the second world war. It is a 22 m high obelisk constructed by J.J.P. Oud. Today, it is a central meeting point and many people use the step to take a break. You can see street artists around the place, but also drug dealers. Anyway, the drug dealers should be no problem. Just tell them that you are not interested and enjoy a few minutes of break in the dynamic life of Amsterdam.
Nobody ever missed the National Monument in centre of Amsterdam. Not that ancient it got opened at 1956 and a lot of youngsters and some lost elderlies love to sit down for whatever. Next to shoppingmall Bijenkorf, in front of Krasnapolsky Hotel and looking at Royal Palace at Dam Square ...
Its remarkable, white phallus (form of this obelisque) symbolizes war time, and every 4th of May at exactly 20.00 hrs the Queen or other Royal members will put a garland here to commemorate the World War II and its victims, to be seen directly at TV. See the statue figures ...
This National Monument sits across from the Royal Palace and resembles a large phallus. I mean no disrespect, but I found it humorous being that it is in such an "open" society.......but, I digress.
It was unveiled by Queen Juliana of Orange on May 4, 1956 and is adorned with intricate sculptures and Dutch carvings!