Train to & from Schiphol Airport, Amsterdam
In Schiphol there is a train station that will take you right in the middle of Amsterdam. It is a quick trip from airport to city centre, but make sure you get a direct train - it's faster and more confortable. A return ticket is 6euros. You can find information about train schedule on Schiphol website http://www.schiphol.nl/ .
Flying is the best way to get to Amsterdam. Following arrival at Schipol, take the train to Central Station.
Get your ticket from the ticket office before going down to the platform.
The train goes every 10 minutes from platform 3 and is a fast train with no stops. There are trains from other platforms but 3 is best.
All trains bring you to the CS, which is in the centre of Amsterdam.
The public transport system to/from the airport seems to be extremely well arranged with the train station being very central within the airport and the prices very reasonable. We paid € 5.50 each for a weekend return ticket, Schiphol to Centraal Station. The journey takes about 15 minutes and the trains are fast and were never that full. A train journey means that you are able to see a little bit of the countryside before arriving at Centraal Station.
From Schiphol airport, catch the train to Centraal Station, Amsterdam. The train is very comfortable and clean, and it's faster than driving. The ticket office is on the main floor of the airport. The clerks speak perfect English. The fare is 3.10 Euro per person.
You can take the train from the airport to Central Station, it is only a few dollars (maybe 3?) but I recomend taking a cab to your hotel prior to riding the train. It may coast up to 30 dollars US or 30 Euro, but it is much safer. There are a lot of pick pockets on the train and they are good, you will busy with the sights and your luggage and they will be busy robbing you... wait until you have gotten settled and have your luggage put away. I personally walk Amsterdam, great way to see the city and it's only about 25 minutes across via walking.
If you arrive by airplane just buy a trainticket to Amsterdam Central Station
The best way getting around in Amsterdam is by bicycle. You can rent one on various places. Watch the traffic and take care your tires don't end up in a tram rail, else you will be a big laugh for the people around.
Here you can find cycling routes in Amsterdam.
Another option is by public transportation (tram or bus). If you arrive on Central Station, on the opposite is the tourist information (VVV) where you can get a map of Amsterdam for free.
The cheapest way is to buy a ticket in advance (strippenkaart) of 15 or 45 zones. If you need to buy a ticket in the tram or bus it's a lot more expensive.
From Amsterdam, trains run to pretty much the whole country. If you arrive on Schiphol, it is only 20 minutes by train to the city center (and cheap too). The photo shows the main railway station, from there you walk right into the center.
For the courageous travellers: rent a bike and cycle through town. Otherwise trams are fine, they take you everywhere you want to go and run frequently (though never on schedule). In some trams, you can get a free map of Amsterdam with the tramlines on it. This is a good help to get around.
Fly into Schiphol airport, take the train to Centraal Station.
The trams are the best way although figuring out where to find the passes is a challenge. I could never find out where they were sold. If you get on without a pass and there isn't anyone to take tickets at the back of the tram, you can ride for free but I wouldn't count on this happening all the time. (And it definitely isn't legal.) As Amsterdam is not a very big city, you can cover a lot of ground on foot. Many locals ride bicycles also.
I've flown from Seattle to Amsterdam, and then taken the train from Schipol to Centraal Station. I've also arrived by train at Centraal Station. Centraal Station is centrally located (no pun intended)and you can catch a tram or the Metro to other points.
Walk or take the trams. A great city for wandering.
Most people will arive at Schiphol airport and take the train to Amsterdam. And from anywhere in europe you can get there with the train
The best way is to take the tram, rent a bike and just walk around the city
From Schiphol Airport: Take the train, it leaves every 10 minutes and brings you in 15 minutes to Amsterdam Central Station.
Take a bicycle (Yellow bikes for rent), or the tram. Tram nr 20 is the so called circle tram and does a lot of tourist places.
Fly into Amsterdam (I think EasyJet are doing Gatwick to Amsterdam now) and then the get the train to Centraal Station. It's easy and not expensive.
If you're used to British trains you'll be amazed by Dutch public transport.
You can walk Amsterdam easily - it's a small city! However, if you do get tired use the trams. The trams seem to be free as you can hop and off without a ticket but it's all based on trust. I think you can buy tram tickets before getting on from the station - if you're caught without a ticket they'll haul your ass off!
Of course the other way is to cycle. The dutch cycle everywhere - but be warned, if you've had a smoke - navigating the Dam and all it's cars, bikes and trains could be fatal!
Fly! Easyjet has very cheap flights from Liverpool, London Luton and Belfast in the UK.
Rail! From anywhere else in Europe... Amsterdam has very good rail connections to EVERYWHERE!
Take the trams - jump on and off - but ask a local to show you how to stamp your strippenkarten! Buyt the strippenkart from the transport office outside Centraal Railway station
It is very easy and fast to get from the airport to the city centre, just take a train, it's cheap and trains are running every 10 minutes. (every hour at night)
WHY DON'T YOU JUST WALK!!!IT'S LOVELY TO WALK AROUND WITH ALL THOSE CANALS!!!
Schiphol Airport is one of the busiest in Europe, and I would have to say the most efficient airport I've been to (others more knowledgable than me agree), from Schiphol it's a short and convenient train ride to A'dam Centraal Station.
If you're already in Europe or the UK, trains are a viable alternative also. Being one of the busiest ports in Europe, both ocean going and river cruise ships call on A'dam. For those on a tight budget, buses can be an economical way to get to A'dam
If you absolutely must, you can get to A'dam by car. I would strongly suggest parking it once you get there though
Any discussion of driving (and more importantly, parking!) in A'dam should more properly go under the WARNINGS OR DANGERS heading.