Grote Kerk, Haarlem

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  • Traces of 16th century iconoclasm
    Traces of 16th century iconoclasm
    by Airpunk
  • Inside Grote of St. Bavokerk, Haarlem
    Inside Grote of St. Bavokerk, Haarlem
    by Airpunk
  • Grote of St. Bavokerk, Haarlem
    Grote of St. Bavokerk, Haarlem
    by Airpunk
  • Airpunk's Profile Photo

    Grote of St. Bavokerk

    by Airpunk Written Sep 29, 2013
    Grote of St. Bavokerk, Haarlem
    4 more images

    Haarlem's main church has a history dating back to at least 1307. Back then, it was a wooden building which burned down later in the 14th century. The present building dates from 1479 and became a Cathedral for a very short time in 1559. In 1566 iconoclasm swept through the church destroying many altarpieces and all statues. You can see the marks of it in the church in form of decapitated saints.
    Though it is a Gothic church, Neogothic ramparts were added in the 19t century to give it a more Gothic look. Inside, the organ from 1738 is one of the highlights. Note also the lectern with the shape of a bird. It shows how 17th century Dutchmen thought that a pelican looked like. It was the largest in the world by then. Many celebrities from Haarlem's history are buried here, including the painter Frans Hals.

    There is an entry fee of 2,50 EUR (2013) per adult which is more thank OK for the dimensions of the church. It includes a leaflet which will help you with the highlights of the church. Please check the website for information about concessions and guided tours.

    The Grote of St. Bavokerk should not be confused with the St. Bavo Cathedral of Haarlem which is a Roman Catholic church located in the southwest of the old town. Officially, the church we are talking about is called Grote Kerk (High Church) only, St. Bavo was the name it had before the reformation.

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  • breughel's Profile Photo

    ST-BAVO in the 17th Century.

    by breughel Updated Jul 29, 2013

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    St-Bavo by Saenredam
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    The tourist visiting the Grote Kerk St-Bavo is most often unaware that the interior of this church, as many other catholic churches in the Netherlands, was victim of the "Beeldstormers" or protestant iconoclasts.
    This Catholic Church had been built over the 14 and 15th c. and she became the cathedral of the newly formed diocese of Haarlem in 1559. The deep choir (45 m, among the largest in Europe) was especially convenient for this function.

    Already in 1566 the first attacks on this symbol of Catholicism were carried out. A large part of the typical catholic decoration was destroyed; the 32 altars, all statues (only the statue of St. Bavo at the front remains). Some altarpieces were saved and are kept at museums. Some wood carved artefacts were preserved.

    The church was confiscated in 1578. The walls were chalked white to hide the frescos as usual with protestant churches taken over from the Catholics. St. Bavo has been a Protestant church ever since.

    Strange enough the pared down interior of St-Bavo has been often painted by the 17th c. church interior painters. The famous Pieter Saenredam, who lived in Haarlem painted half a dozen interiors of St-Bavo, as did others like Job Berckheyde or Isaac van Nickelen.
    I suppose that the sober interior did favour the perspective and light effects sought-after by these painters.

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  • dustmon's Profile Photo

    Big Organ ya got there......

    by dustmon Updated May 28, 2010
    Grote Kerk Organ

    In my short day trip to Haarlem, we went to see the big Organ at the Grote Kerk---really worth it--this church is amazing and not far from the train station.
    Open in summer daily from 10-17 hrs with services on Sundays at 10 AM and 7PM.

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  • IceBear7's Profile Photo

    Grote Kerk

    by IceBear7 Updated May 16, 2005

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Grote Kerk in Haarlem

    The most remarkable building in the city center. The church is huge! It has a very bright interior with some pieces of art here and there, some sailing ships for example. In the choir area you see a lantern on the floor - this marks the place where painter Frans Hals is buried.

    The huge organ is really beautiful, built in the 18th century. During my visit some anonymous person played wonderful music, but some decades ago both W. A. Mozart and G. F. Händel played the organ in Haarlem!

    Overall a nice church, impressive in its size. They charge a 2 Euro entrance fee which is too much in my opinion...

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  • sswagner's Profile Photo

    Grote Kerk

    by sswagner Written Dec 26, 2004
    organ in Grote Kerk

    This is the largest church in Haarlem and is famous for its extremely ornate and functional organ. The organ was played by both Handel and Mozart. This church dominates the main square outside. The admission fee was very small, and the visit to this large church was well worth it.

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  • AMOQUE's Profile Photo

    Beautifull architecture: Grote kerk

    by AMOQUE Updated Oct 6, 2003

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    Grote kerk or St. Bavo kerk
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    The dutch reformed Great Church or St. Bavo Church of Haarlem is build in late gothic style as a basilica in crossform. The exterior is very imposant but it's worthwhile to take a look inside as well.

    The central nave and choir are covered with a beautiful wooden ceiling. Much of the furniture dates from before the reformation: a choir-screen, choir-stalls rnamented with family arms, and a brass pelican lectern.

    The church also has a famous and richly ornamented organ.

    Also pay attention to the very nice colored glass windows. Remarkable but scary fact: The floor is paved with gravestones so look down also when you are inside.

    Open: Monday-Saturday 10.00pm till 16.00am. Closed at Sunday.

    Entrance:
    -Adults 1,50 euro
    -Children 1,00 euro

    -Guided tours: 2,00 euro p.p.

    *If there are less than 12 persons who join the guided tour minimun costs are 25,00 euro.
    *When: Saturday 2.15 p.m. and in summertime Saturday 11.00 a.m.
    *Language: Tours in Dutch, German, English and Spanish.

    -Municipal organ recitals: The duration of the Tuesday evening and Thursday afternoon recitals is approximately one hour, entrance is free.
    *Tuesday 8.15 - 9.15 p.m.
    *Thursday 3 - 4 p.m.

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  • nlswin1's Profile Photo

    (Old) Saint Bavo Cathedral

    by nlswin1 Updated Jun 10, 2003

    History

    The dutch reformed Great Church or St. Bavo Church of Haarlem was restored 1980-1985. It is build in late gothic style as a basilica in crossform. The central nave and choir are covered with a beautiful wooden ceiling (16th century). Much of the furniture dates from before the Reformation: eg. a choir-screen (1509-1517), choir-stalls (1512), later ornamented with family arms, and a brass pelican lectern (1499) by Jan Fierens from Mechelen. The church also has a famous and richly ornamented organ build by Christian Müller (1738; in 1961 restaurated by the Danish organ manifacturers Marcussen). The organ front was made bij Jan van Logteren; the marmor works supporting it by Jan-Baptist Xavery.

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  • RORRO72's Profile Photo

    GROTEKERK VAN ST. BAVO

    by RORRO72 Written Apr 13, 2003
    Grotekerk van St. Bavo

    Contiene algunos excelentes ejemplos de arte renacentista, pero lo que más destaca es el asombroso órgano Müller, uno de los más magníficos del mundo, con 30 metros de altura y 5000 tubos. Fue tocado por Handel y Mozart, cuando este último tenía diez años de edad.
    La iglesia abre de 10 am a 4 pm de Lunes a Sábado.

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  • OlafS's Profile Photo

    St. Bavo or Great Church

    by OlafS Updated Mar 3, 2003
    Haarlem: Grote Kerk

    A big Gothic church that can't be missed, even if you want to. But why would you not want to see this beauty? And do not forget to take a look inside, the wooden vaults are amazing!

    Incidentally, many people think this is a cathedral. It's not. It's a protestant church now. It was a cathedral once, but only for a short period

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  • sandravdp's Profile Photo

    The old Bavo church on the...

    by sandravdp Written Sep 7, 2002

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    The old Bavo church on the Grote Markt was built in Gothic style and is hundreds of years old. The tower is at this moment restaurated. From the top of the tower you can see the whole city.

    Besides the St Bavo Church on the Grote Markt there is another Bavo Church in Haarlem at the Leidsevaart. You can find more about this church (it's huge) in my TRAVELLOGUE.

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    Go and visit the Bavo church...

    by sandravdp Written Sep 7, 2002

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    Go and visit the Bavo church at the 'Grote Markt'. You can go inside the bavo church and listen to the story about the midget and the giant that are burried in the church. You can also hear the orgel play and learn more about the history of this church.

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  • martin_nl's Profile Photo

    St. Bavo Kerk

    by martin_nl Updated Sep 5, 2002

    1.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Grote Kerk

    This church built in a gothic style, also known as 'Grote Kerk' (Big Church) was built between 1400 and 1550. It is the biggest thing when you stand on the Grote Markt, the main square in Haarlem. You can visit this church from Monday to Saturday for a small entrance fee. The church is famous for it's fantastic big organ built by Christian Muller in 1735. Even Mozart who played this organ in 1766 when he was a child was very enthusiastic. Nowadays the organ is still used for concerts and recordings. When you walk around in the church you can discover a lot of details if you keep your eyes open!

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  • xl100's Profile Photo

    Even if your only in Haarlem...

    by xl100 Written Aug 26, 2002

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    Even if your only in Haarlem for five minutes it is a must to go to the Grotekerk van St Bravo, the Gothic Cathedral church. I am a minimalist when it comes to church architecture and this cathedral had about as much to do with pompus osentatiousness as the Pope has with a night in the Red Light. In not so many words the place with breathtaking and all in part to the Mueller organs. Played by the likes of Morzart and Handel it stands about a hundred feet high and is made out of over five thousand pipes. It is truly beautiful and magnificent.

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  • Lalique's Profile Photo

    St. Bavokerk

    by Lalique Written Aug 25, 2002

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    St. Bavokerk
    It's one of the most noticable construction in the city with its tower of 80m height. It was build on the grave of St. Bavo. Inside the church very famouse artist Frans Hals is buried. It has as well famous organ made in XVIII cent., on which played Hendel, Mozart, Schubert, List.

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  • BobD's Profile Photo

    Grote Kerk

    by BobD Written Oct 18, 2004
    the organ of St Bavo

    While walking inside St Bavo I was mistaken for a worker. I got to talk about the church as well as local politics with one of the supervisors after I told him I was a visitor.

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