The exact origins of the St. Lodewijkskerk are unclear. It may have been built in either 1477 or 1538 as the chapel of a hospital. After 1567 it served several profane purposes, including that of an inspection-hall for the cloth-industry, but was returned to the catholic community in 1808, by order of king Lodewijk Napoleon. The wooden segment on top of the tower dates from 1588 and was intended for one of the towers of the town-walls, but was placed here in 1593.
The Marekerk was the first church in the province of Holland specifically build for protestant services, although it's not the first one that was actually finished. Construction lasted from 1638 until 1649. It's an octagonal centralized building with a tall, distinctive dome and a pseudo-classical entrance. Architect was Arent van 's Gravensande.
Until the end of t he 19th century these ruins were the 3rd church of Leiden, the Church of our Lady. I have no idea what caused the church to fall to these ruins but it could easily be something like a fire.
They're right behind the Hartebrug-church on a small square.
Apparently church communities where very poor in the 19th century so the government helped with the financials when a new church was build. But in order to make sure that these subsidies where well spent, the government made sure officials from the civil service were present during the construction. That's why the architecture of the churches from around this period are also referred to as 'waterstaatstijl' (Rijkswaterstaat is a special department of the civil service).
It is strange to know about the churches being poor at the time this church was build, becasue it looks so rich from the outside (i have no idea what it looks like inside though, didn't check).
This church was started in 1366 on a site where there was a wooden church at first. And the church is officially never finished.... I would guess lack of money but i do not know why the building was stopped.
The roofs of this church collected so much water that it was used to provide the people that lived around the church with drinking water when it hadn't rained in a while.... Since i was there on a dry day i haven't seen if the roofs still collect that much water. Or maybe one can't see that at all...
St Pieters Church is the most important church for Catholics in Leiden. It was built in 1390 on the remains of an earlier chapel. Burried in this church are amongst family of Rembrandt also Dutch painter Jan Steen and John Robinson, founder of the Pilgrim fathers.
Te church is currently being renovated.
St Pancras Church, or Hooglandsekerk is one of the most beautiful churches in Leiden. It was built in 1336, on the remains of a previous wooden chapel. After a major explosion they wanted to tear the church down, but luckily they never did.
From teh Burch you can get a great view of this church
The Hartebrug Kerk is a Roman Catholic Churchj in the center of the city. Dating back to 1836, it is a reltaively modern church. The church was named after the Hartebrug, a bridge that the church was built next to. You can also take a look inside if you want.
Halfway Haarlemmerstraat is the Hartebrug church. One of the typical 'waterstaat' churches about which I explain at length on my Amsterdam page (Moses and Aaron church). It was built with government money because the church communities were too poor to do this. The reformed churches had confiscated the beautiful really old churches and so the catholics had to resort to new buildings once they were allowed to practise publicly again.
The church front shows a Latin text saying: Hic Domus Dei est et Porta Coeli meaning This is the house of God and the gate to heaven. People usually call this church the Koeliekerk.
The Gothic Pieterskerk is a good example of the mixture of Brabantine Gothicism and local common sense, as found in many cities along Holland's coast. To prevent the building from sinking in the moist soil the building is unusually wide and has a wooden ceiling instead of stone vaults. Construction of this church was started in 1390. A 130 metres tall tower collapsed in 1512 and was not rebuild. The church came in protestant hands in 1570, but is no longer used as a church. Inside are the graves of many famous people, including that of painter Jan Steen.
The Hartebrug church was built in 1865 and is still in use as a church. It is a bit of strange contrasting building compared to the other buildings in Leiden.
This church is mostly in use for confrences etc. for a nice view inside the church look at their website. For me it is just a nice built church in a beautiful old townsetting.
The chapel of this church is dedicated to the patron saint of France, St. Louis (Lodewijk). The original chapel was founded in the 15th century, but this church was built in 1925.
Built between 1639 and 1679, this eight sided church was built beside the Mare River. The architect was Arent van 's-Gravesande.
The Marekerk is a protestant church from the 17th century. It was built in 1649 by the architect Arend van 's-Gravensande. The church is built as a 8-sided building.