Rotterdam Watercity (Waterstad), Rotterdam
The Europoort is an industrial and port south of the New Waterway and north of the Hartel Canal, east of the Maasvlakte and west of the Botlek. The area belongs to the municipality of Rotterdam is 3600 ha.
The Europoort Botlek together with the one of the largest petrochemical industrial areas of the world. At the beginning of the Caland Canal takes place in ore throughput Ertsoverslagbedrijf Europoort. In the east of the Europoort area is overtopping of cars, steel and wood instead of specialized terminals.
The area was between 1958 and 1964 built on the island Rozenburg requiring largely been dug. Besides the village of Blankenburg (400 inhabitants) and many farms also had the bird De Beer ensure neighborhoods.
Channels and ports in Europoort:
For the oil and ore carriers (Eurogeul of 23 meters)
For roll-on/roll-off ships:
In former days the Waterstad was the area of the former docklands of Rotterdam. Later it became a stately residential area.
Coming from the Old Harbour with the White house and some old merchant houses from the 18th century, giving an image how the city looked like in former days, I walked along the quai of the Wijnhaven along new buildings. I was very surprised to discover unexpectedly the historical Regentesse Brug, also called the Four Lions Bridge in pretty contrast with the new apartments nearby.
The Regentessebrug, connecting the Glashaven and Posthoornstreet, dates back from 1899 and has survived the WO II. The bridge is designed by D.G. Logemann at he moment the harbours moved westbound and this area became a stately residential area. The scenic bridge has lions at four corners and some pillars. It's obvious the designer is inspired by the bridges of Paris like the Pont Alexandre III.
In the 13th century the ships sailed away from the Oude Haven, being a natural harbour in the Rotte estuary. The origin of Rotterdam as harbour city has started here. Later in the 16th century new harbours were dugged out more west like the Haringvliet and the Leuvehaven.
You cannot only see historical vessels of the Open-air Inland Shipping Museum in the old harbour, but also the the White House, which was built in the late 19th century with 45m the highest building in Europe in those days.
Besides the White House are some Merchants Houses of the 18th century as well, though temporary removed for the construction of a railwaytunnel and afterwards rebuilt.
The Oude Haven (or the Old Harbour) is a scenic place in the citycentre.
In the Leuvehaven (Leuve Harbour) is the open air part of the maritime museum. You can see several ships, derricks, cranes, a lighthouse and get an idea of the typical atmosphere of the harbour in the old days.
From 1600 the Leuvehaven was a seaport during three centuries. Till the 1970s it was still a lively harbour for the inland shipping.
The Leuvehaven is situated in the original maritime heart of Rotterdam, the Waterstad. The Waterstad contains the eldest docklands of Rotterdam. Nowadays the historical maritime character of this area is mixed with modern architecture and new residential areas.