Old Architecture, Rotterdam
Another "foreign" church. This copy of a 16th-century Norwegian village church was built in 1914 for services for Norwegian sailors. It's the largest wooden building in The Netherlands. Originally it stood at some distance from the current location, but it was moved here because of the construction of a tunnel underneath the river Maas.
This isn't a very interesting building I guess. Unless perhaps when you're just crazy about churches, like me. But it dates from the 1920's and stood at the very edge of the destroyed part of the centre, now marking the line between old and new. And that makes it a bit special. The name "Walloon church" suggests that this church is used by protestants with a French-speaking background. I don't know if that is still the case, but that is how it used to be. This church replaced a much older one in the centre.
Yes, Rotterdam has a cathedral. In 1956 the diocese of Rotterdam was founded and instead of building a new cathedral an older church was chosen for this function, the H.H. Laurentius en Elisabeth which was designed by local architect P.G. Buskens and built in 1907. The front with the two towers was added in 1922. In Summer the church is often open for visitors. It's not everyone's idea of a cathedral I guess; the interior is quite modest and the church itself isn't very big. But it's worth a quick look.
Another building that survived the war and the period of vandalism after that is the Schielandshuis. This is the only building from the 17th century, a golden age for Rotterdam, that remains in the city. Decay and bad restorations had taken their toll however, and only in 1986 was it restored to its former glory. It now houses the Rotterdam historic museum. Shame about that ugly building next to it, but that's Rotterdam in a nutshell.
It is a four star hotel but its history is very old. It is believed that ships used to go to New York from here in early days and loads of people come in the surrounding area to go America.
I did not stay in the hotel so don’t know much about it services as a hotel.
The repeating pattern or stempel formed the basis of J.B. Bakema's design for Pendrecht. Each residential unit consists of two strips with blocks of flats in three or four stories, three strips of low-rise with one or two stories, and a communal garden. Ten residential units combine to make up a neighbourhood, and five neighbourhoods form a district. Pendrecht was eventually built to a design by L. Stam-Beese in which the repeating units are not all identical but are alternately mirrored.
Architects: L. Stam-Beese, J.B. Bakema, architecture group Opbouw
The design of the nine-story block of gallery flats for working-class tenants in the Bergpolder district was very innovative for the 1930s. Each story contains eight standardized flats. The galleries on the east side are accessed by a lift situated behind the glass stairwell at th enorthern and facade. A lower-rise section of the building is aligned at the right angles to the flats, parallel to the street.
Architects: W. van Tijen, J.A. Brinkman, L.C. van der Vugt
The buildings around the Mathenesser square were built as part of a larger project, namely the facelift of Mathenesserlaan, Mathenesserplein, Mathenesserbrug and Mathenesserweg, in which the main aim was to achieve a streamlined, uniform facade. Mathenesserplein was not only an important traffic intersection, but turned into a rendezvous with restaurants, shops and benches for people to relax after a busy day.
Architect: J.H. van den Broek
The Kiefhoek housing complex consists of 291 working-class dwellings, two shops with dwellings, two small warehouses, a dwelling with a communal hot water facility and a church. The Kiefhoek has a closed, village-like character. The streetscape is dominated by the homogeneous, horizontally articulated facades.
Architect: J.J.P. Oud
The Kossel concrete construction system was first used in Rotterdam in the Bloemhof district. The walls, floors and roofs of the dwellings were cast on-site, using prefabricated forms. As well as one-family houses with pitched roofs, the development also includes flat-roofed blocks of flats.
Architect: J. A. Hulsebosch
The construction of the church was started in 1412. The tower was built in two phases. For the first two parts a start was made in 1449. In 1548 construction of the third part began. In the 17th century the tower got a wooden steeple, a design by Hendrick de Keyser. This was removed in 1645, when the tower started to subside. City architect Persoons managed to get the tower straight again, taking big risks doing it. The church is a late gothic basilica. In 1940 the church was badly damaged, leaving only the walls and the tower. Between 1951 and 1968 the church was completely restored. The tower underwent further restorations in the 1980s.
On the square is also the statue of the Rotterdam born humanist Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536). Although Erasmus only lived here for four years (and never returned) he is celebrated all over town as the city's most famous son. The statue is from 1622 and designed by Hendrick de Keyser.
Starting point for Pilgrams fathers who saild to England on August 1st 1620. Thay changed their boat there and saild to the NEW WORLD.
The City Hall of Rotterdam is one of the few buildings that survived world war II. It is built in a Neorenaissance style. The tower of the City Hall has a height of 71,5 meter.
The city hall is one of the handful of buildings that survived the war and post-war reconstruction. It wasn't that old to begin with; it was built from 1914 until 1920. Architect was Henri Evers.