All towns and cities in Poland have their Square (Rynek) and Kazimierz Dolny it has of course and here is where we can realize that in the past it was one rich city in Poland, a haven for artists and painters and with great architectural and cultural heritage of the Jewish community.
Among the stone and wooden houses with neoclassical and baroque style large number of children and tourists were enjoying their visit
Pay atention to the twin houses of the Przybyla brothers representing characters, giants and animals inspired in everyday life and in scenes from the Bible.
In fact, the giant that you see one of them it is not clear if is San Cristobal or if it is the Polish version of the Green Giant
Todos los pueblos y ciudades de Polonia tienen su Plaza ( Rynek ) y Kazimierz Dolny no podía ser menos y aquí es donde nos podemos dar cuenta de que en el pasado fue una ciudad rica de Polonia, refugio de artistas y pintores y con una gran herencia cultural y arquitectónica de la comunidad judía.
Entre las casas de piedra y de madera de estilo neoclásico y barroco pasean gran cantidad de niños y de turistas
Destacan las casas gemelas de los hermanos Przybyla que representan personajes , gigantes y animales inspirados en la vida cotidiana y en escenas de la Biblia . De hecho el gigante que se ve en una de ellas no se sabe si es San Cristóbal o si es la versión Polaca del Gigante Verde
Walking up stairs or by a very narrow streets you climb a small hill were you come to the Reformed Franciscan monastery
During the Second World War, was used as headquarters of the Gestapo, which had removed the tombstones in the Jewish cemetery to make the walls of a prison installed in the basement
Subiendo por unas escaleras o por unas calles muy estrechas por una pequeña colina se llega al Monesterio de los Franciscanos Reformados
Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, fue utilizado como sede de la Gestapo , que retiró las lápidas que había en el cementerio judio para hacer en el sótano las paredes de una prisión
On the banks of the Vistula (Wilna) is a very nice walk , especially in the evening when you may see the sunset
A orillas del Vístula ( Wilna ) hay un paseo muy agradable , sobre todo al atardecer en que se puede ver la puesta del sol
The first must-see about Kazimierz Dolny is the town's semi-official web page. Here you will find updated information on what's going on in Kazimierz, a large number of interesting addresses, phone numbers etc.
Kazimierz Dolny, perched on the bank of the Vistula River around 130 km (81 mi) southeast of Warsaw, is one of the most fascinating places in Lublin province. Unsurpassed Renaissance buildings, picturesque ruins of a medieval castle and the surrounding Kazimierski Scenic Park attract thousands of visitors to this small town every year.
Nadwislanskie Museum, which hosts the largest number of exhibits in this part of Poland, is one of the town's leading attractions.
Open Tue.-Sun. 10 a.m.-3 p.m. through April 30 and at 10 a.m.-5 p.m. until the end of September.
The museum owns over 19,000 items, including fine arts and crafts, historical pieces, ethnographic material and natural specimens. Exhibits are held in the interiors of the most precious historical buildings in Kazimierz Dolny-Kamienica Celejowska tenement house, a historical granary and a former Baroque belfry.
Kamienica Celejowska, which is considered a leading achievement of Polish mannerist urban architecture, hosts two permanent exhibits.
Kazimierz Dolny-Past Time demonstrates the development of the town's early history.
The other exhibit-Painters of Kazimierz Dolny-presents paintings, pieces of graphic art and drawings created by artists from pre-World War II artistic groups such as the Brotherhood of Saint Lucas and the Warsaw School, as well as artists associated with the Kazimierz artistic colony of modern painters. Art works created in 1918-39 by painters from the circle of Prof. Tadeusz Pruszkowski have a special importance in this collection. Kamienica Celejowska houses over 5,000 items.
The climb up to the tower in Kazimierz is well worth the effort to enable you to see the fantastic views of the area fro the top. It is obvious to see why the tower was located in this spot becase you can see for miles along the Vistula and around the surrounding area. It dates from the 13th and 14th century. It became known as the Upper Castle as it towers above the main castle located slightly down the hill.
It is just over 19 metres tall and measures 32.5m in circumference. the width of the walls varies and reduces in thickness the higher up the tower you go. The tower has a vaulted entrance and would once have been connected to a ramp by means of a drawbridge.
The Gothic Parish Church of Saints John the Baptist and Bartholomew is located on Zamkowa Street. Its facade, was restored after a fire in 1651 and is the finest surviving example of the Lublin Renaissance style and the church also incorporates the walls of earlier Gothic Churches. The interior has stucco work decoration in the vaulting and early Baroque style.
Below the watchtower there are the ruins of a 14th century castle built by King Kazimierz. It was destroyed by the Swedes in the mid 1650’s. Though rebuilding took place, eventually the castle was no longer needed and it was allowed to fall into disrepair.
Above the town of Kazimierz Dolny lies Three Crosses Hill which gives wonderful views of the surrounding countryside and the town. Three crosses were placed there in 1708 to commemorate the thousands of victims of the plague. It is a popular vantage spot and picnic area in the summer and there is a small fee to pay to enter the sight. There are some places to sit to get your breath back after the climb up the hill.
The Watchtower was built on top of Castle Hill during the 13th-14th century and was at first used for military purposes and was then named the Upper Castle. Later when the larger castle was built lower down the hill, because of its uninterrupted views of the River Vistula it was used as a beacon and for the collection of tolls from river traffic. It is 19m tall with a rickety staircase to reach the top, but the climb is worthwhile because of the views.
Before WW2 85% of the population Kazimierz Dolny were Jewish. With the arrival of the Nazis the Jewish population was wiped out. The local Jewish Cemetery which dated from 1568 and was located in the Czerniawa Gorge was destroyed by the Nazis. The broken headstones were used as paving in the town’s Franciscan Monastery which was the local headquarters of the Gestapo and other places around the town. During the 1980’s it was decided to collect the broken headstones from around the town and they were used to create a memorial to the murdered Jewish population. Behind the memorial is a few remnants of the original cemetery amongst the trees.
On the edge of the town (about 2kms from the Rynek in Czerniawa Gorge) is the memorial for the Jews murdered during the 2nd World War - a monument made up of the fragments of desecrated tombstones. The cemetery was first mentioned in 1568 and the tombstones were used to pave the courtyard of the Nazi HQ in the town. The memorial was made in the 1980s using fragments of the tombstones with the wall cleaved in two to represent the dismemberment of the local Jewish community.
Take yourself down to the banks of the river where the promenade and landing Jetty to the ferry across to the other side of the river are to be found to get the opportunity to see the stunning sunsets.