The fortress Przemysl
During the World War I it was on of the three the biggest fortress in Europe, just after Antwerpii i Verdun. That one was located farthest on the east, and it’s main aim was to protect against Russian Army. There are 13 fortresses. We visited one - # 13 called "San Rideau" built in 1895 by Maurycy von Brunera. Its whole surface was about 2200 square meters. The staff of the fortress counted 800 soldiers and 12 officers.
There is an interesting history connected with this building. So, during the blowing up in march 22nd 1915, two Russian officers, taken into slavery, stayed inside. Locked in the lower chambers, they were covered up by the rubble. But that were able to get to the underground stores of food and water. One of them was alive till 1923 (he lived 8 years underground!!) when people cleaning up this place found him. Unfortunately, despite the doctors efforts –he died.
Right now the fortress is open for visitors. Unfortunately, the scale of its damages is about 75 %. During the visiting the fortress you have to be very careful. Take good trekking shoes and flashlight with you.
- Hiking and Walking
- Historical Travel
The Bolestraszyce Arboretum is located 7 km north-east from Przemysl. In Bolestraszyce history unites with modern times. Arboretum contains a park and a mansion - in which in the first half of the 19th century an excellent painter Piotr Micha³owski lived and painted. Aged trees, being a remainder of the old castle gardens, are a very picturesque feature among new plantings, consisting of the species of foreign origin, as well as of the native specimens - trees, shrubs, and other rare, endangered, disappearing and protected plant species.
The Arboretum, in its Bolestraszyce part, covers 22.57 ha, including 0.83 ha of the ponds. In Bolestraszyce one can see not only grand native trees, but also trees of foreign origin _ for example, bald cypresses (Taxodium distichum) growing in the pond. The ponds became a habitat of many rare and endangered species in Poland, like the water caltrop (Trapa natans) and the four-leaved pepperwort (Marsilea quadrifolia), while their shores are grown with the royal fern (Osmunda regalis) and the heart-leaved oxeye (Telekia speciosa). Around 70 plant species of those collected on the Arboretum's area are encompassed by the country's Red List. These species are marked with the corresponding labels.
- Arts and Culture
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