There are quite many small, stone and old chapels in Tychy. They were put along tracks and roads leading to church and to Czestochowa - most famous destination of pilgrimes and especially on crossroads where the pilgrimes used to stop and pray. Well, nowadays some of the chapels are located in the middle of downrown/centre, just among Soviet style, huge apartment buildings. Just like this one, on my picture, in the center of John Paul II Avenue which I drive everyday on the way from home to work.
That chapel is not so easy to notice while driving but it was well seen after death of Roman catholic pope Paul John II (2 April 2005) who was a Pole, great man and world leader, for Poles, never mind their religion, spiritual guide and authentic hero. The chapel like others were surrounded by thousands of candles which locals spontaneously brought and lighted to give respect to their beloved pope.
Keep your eyes open while walking around Tychy and... you will find a lot of old, stone figures of various saints in usually small chapels like this one, of St. Mary, in the chapel put at John Paul II Avenue.
I was told that there were wooden chapels in the past but they were destroyed either by fire (thunderstorms) or by... unknown people during Soviet occupation. Generally, wooden churches and chapels are easier to find in countryside.
Look at Kathy on Grota Roweckiego Street. It's the main street of the new Tychy - quite broad with parking lots (paid 1 zl at daytime) on both sides.
There are numerous banks and stores on ground floor of 4-story apartment buildings along the street. Add a few KANTOR = exchange money offices/points, small supermarket and flea market (still survived hehe).
It's a type of table used in ceremonies in a Christian church or in other religious buildings.
There is one main altar located at the end of the nave at a place called the apse in each Roman catholic church including St. Maria Magdalena church as you can see on my picture. Often there are additional altars in both aisles as well.
Look at interior of St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic parish church on my picture. There is a pulpit on left side of the nave there.
Pulpit? What's that?
It's raised place in a church, with steps leading up to it, from which the priest speaks to the worshippers.
Look at amazing chandelier on my pic. There are a few such chandeliers inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman Catholic Parish church in Tychy. Pay attention that there are a few round windows in the apse which makes interior of the front part of the church, where is the main altar light.
Apse is specialized the rounded or many-sided end of especially the east end of a church. Look at my picture of... southern part of St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church in Tychy. Is it an apse? Hmm... I am not sure but looks interesting.
There are three quite old graves and monuments or rather commemorating sculptures with holy crosses located on the wall of St. Maria Magdalena Roman Catholic Parish Church. Three quite famous (locally) citizens of Tychy were burried there. When? Over 100 years ago.
There are graves of 3 famous Tychy priests located by southern wall of St. Maria Magdalena Church. It's the oldest church of Tychy, born in 1782. Two of them are on my picture.
Who is burried there?
1. Eugeniusz Swierzy - roman catholic priest and prelate who fought with communist authorities for permissions for construction of new churches in Tychy in 70' and 80',
2. Wilhelm Slomka - parish-priest of St. Maria Magdalena Roman Catholic Parish,
3. Bernard Fabian - roman catholic priest and prelate who passed away 18 June 2002.
There is a monument in memory of Polish Silesian insurgents located on southern wall of roman catholic St. Maria Magdalena Parish Church.
Tychy is located in a region called Silesia or to be more exact Upper Silesia (eastern part of Silesia).
For centuries, this land was contested by Poles and Germans. Before World War I (1914-1918) Poland was divided into or better to say occupied by 3 countries: Prussia (Germany), Austria and Russia. Tychy belonged to Germany.
After WWI Poland gained independence in 1918 without Silesia region which belonged to Germany. There was a lot of rumour about areas of mixed German and Polish population including Silesia and Upper Silesia especially. Majority of Tychy citizens was of Polish origin that time.
There were three Silesian Uprisings (1919-1921) caused by Polish people inhabited Silesia against German authorities. Insurgents wanted the Silesian area to be joined to newborn, independent Poland. There were violant fights lasting a few days against German authorities during first Silesian Uprising in Tychy in 1919.
Finally Tychy came back to Poland in 1921.
There are a lot of tiny and larger squares around Tychy - usually green areas with benches and grass to look at not to walk in it (what a contrast with the USA hehe).
Look at one of them at Debowa street in winter time. It's located in new Tychy downtown - quite popular place for people walking and... walking dogs. By the way Debowa Street means Oak Street. Hmm... there are oak trees there as well.
Tychy is an unique city in a region - Upper Silesia region. Why? Because it's a new city (mainly), designed quite another way than older cities. Streets (avenues), walkways are broad and there are a lot of city parks and a lot of smaller and bigger green areas around Tychy.
Unfortunately there are a lot of (hundreds) ugly, big (huge) apartment buildings around Tychy - hmm... Soviet style buidings luckily no more built nowadays.
Look at Tychy Miasto (Tychy City) railway station in winter. There are 3 railway stations in Tychy. Hmm... better to say 1 railway station and 2 railway stops hehe.
The main railway station of Tychy is located on old rail root Warsaw - Wien. Hmm... not the beat area of Tychy, I must say. There are a lot of strange people there: homeless people, beggars etc. Take a taxi or a bus/trolley and get away out of there ASAP.
Look at Tychy by night. Aleja Niepodleglosci which means Independence Avenue is the main east-west street of Tychy. It's 4 lanes (warning for American drivers: narrow lanes hehe) divided highway.
There is City Town Hall 10-store, 3-wings buiding located on it's northern side in a city park. It's a huge building ---- a lot of beaurocracy there hehe.
This pyramide or rather cascade shape apartment buiding is called the "Sun Gate" by natives. It's located at the northern end of the main street of new Tychy called Grota Roweckiego Street.
There are quite new (modern) PKO bank building close - in a shape of... a ship and Hypernowa (food) + OBI (house and garden) supermarkets.