Look at another stained-glass window inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church on my picture.
Where to find famous, old stained glass:
In POLAND stained glass by Mehoffer (to be found in Fribourg, Switzerland as well) and by Wyspianski:
- Wawel Castle Cathedral in Krakow
- St. Mary Basilica in Krakow
- Franciscan Church in Krakow
Hmm... add Tychy - St. Maria Magdalena Church :-)
Romanesque stained glass
- Le Mans Cathedral, c. 1140
- Poitiers Cathedral, c. 1165-70
- Chartres Cathedral, c. 1150
in UNITED KINGDOM (England):
- Canterbury Cathedral, c. 1200
Gothic stained glass
- cathedrals of Le Mans, Amiens, Beauvais and Canterbury
- cathedrals of Cologne and Strasbourg (France now) and the Franciscan Monastery of Konigsfelden
- Cathedral of Siena
Renaissance stained glass:
- Brussels Cathedral
- Parish churches in York and Norwich
- Seville Cathedral
From my VT-friend Manuel (Hosell) from Alicante, Spain:
The León Cathedral is the best place to see stained glasses in Spain.
There are a lot of amazing, modern sculptures inside St. Christopher Church.
By the way St. Christopher is a patron of drivers and city of Tychy. Hmm... Tychy is always called capitol of Polish automobile industry.
There are many foreign and Polish companies and factories located in fast growing Tychy:
- FIAT - Italian company which has a huge, modern factory in Tychy (they produce small Fiat Seicento, Fiat Punto and others)
- ISUZU - Japan's Isuzu Motors (49% belongs to GM) opened a $200 million diesel engine plant in 1999 (300,000 diesel engines annually - for your Isuzu, Opel, Renault or Saab)
- DELPHI - which produces accesories for your Toyota cars for example,
- many, many more like V.A.B, IEPER, MANULI, LEAR, COOPER STANDARD, GELLWE, PULVERIT, BARON, ALUPOL, EKOLAND, ROSA, TRAS, CELT.
Haha, do you have something from Tychy in your car?
There are a lot of amazing, modern sculptures inside St. Christopher Church. Look at the Holy Cross on my picture.
This sculpture shows the 13th scene from so called Way of the Cross in Roman catholic religion: Jesus Christ body is taken down from the cross.
Way of the Cross? What's that?
It is also called Stations of the Cross, Via Crucis, and Via Dolorosa. These names are used to signify either a series of pictures or tableaux (or sculptures like in the church in Tychy) representing certain scenes in the Passion of Christ, each corresponding to a particular incident, or the special form of devotion connected with such representations. There are 14 Stations of the Cross.
There are a lot of amazing, modern sculptures inside St. Christopher Church. Look at the High Altar on my picture.
Ther is a table made of rock/stone when the priests stand making ceremony - holy mass in the middle of a huge interior of the church. Above there is a large sculpture of Jusus Christ with hands put in shape of cross.
Riding a bicycle around Paprocany Lake (Jezioro paprocanskie). It takes 35-60 min depends on your energy :-).
It is planned (by Tychy self-government) to modernise and expand the existing bicycle tracks around the lake in the vicinity of Paprocany and Promnice.
Note: there are swamps in some places, better not to leave the bicycle track.
There are a lot of amazing, modern sculptures inside St. Christopher Church. Look at the unique, decorative and huge... candlestick. The human statues are of larger size than natural human beeings even Scandinavians (Vikings :-).
Have you ever seen so big candle? Where could I buy them?:-)
St. Christopher Church (Kosciol sw. Krzysztofa) was built in 1983-1986. It is located near large districtional hospital and is one more example of modern architecture in Tychy.
It looks very interesting either from the outside and inside. Amazing, impressive, huge interior full of modern sculptures. Add huge, modern organ inside and imagine its sounds!
the church is located close to Highway 1 (Warsaw - Wien), has quite large and always free parking lot and it's easy to find by drivers who don't know Tychy. So, it maybe good meeting place as well hehe.
The figure of St. John Nepomucen is located next to St. Maria Magdalena Church.
John Nepomucen was born at Nepomuk, Bohemia (Czech), 1340; studied, lived and died in Prague in 1393; canonized in 1729.
He became involved in a dispute between Czech King Wenceslaus IV and the archbishop of Prague. He supported the archbishop. At a meeting with John and other clerics, Wenceslaus flew into a rage, tortured them so that John was seriously injured, and then had him murdered and thrown into the Moldau River at Prague.
There are a lot of such sculptures around Poland called "nepomuceny". You can find them in Prague, Czech as well - on Karl Bridge for example.
Look at stained-glass window inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church.
Moving from the catacombs, the earliest Christians worshiped in their homes; then, when they became politically secure enough, the Christians built churches. The first churches housed the relics of saints. Architecturally, they were based on the basilica, the Roman law court. The cruciform floor plan developed from the Byzantine square floor plan with a dome added.
European kings and bishops sent to Jerusalem and the east for holy relics. Their emissaries brought back small works of art such as cloisonne , damascene and carved ivory set with jewels and precious glass. Oriental and African craftsmen and glassmakers found their way to Europe as early as the third century.
Look at another stained-glass window inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church.
OLDEST STAINED-GLASS WINDOWS
One of the oldest known examples of multiple pieces of colored glass used in a window were unearthed at St. Paul's Monastery in Jarrow, England, founded in 686 AD.
The oldest complete European windows found in situ are thought to be five relatively sophisticated figures in Augsburg Cathedral. (These five windows are no longer in their original setting. They have recently been moved into a museum and replaced with copies.)
Look at stained-glass window inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church on my picture.
BEGINNINGS OF STAINED GLASS
Probably Egyptian or Mesopotamian potters accidentally discovered glass when firing their vessels. The earliest known manmade glass is in the form of Egyptian beads from between 2750 and 2625 BC.
In the first century AD, the Romans glazed glass into windows. They cast glass slabs and employed blowing techniques to spin discs and made cylinder glass. The glass was irregular and not very transparent.
Look at stained-glass window inside St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church on my picture. Doesn't it look amazing?
Stained glass is glass which has been colored and cut into various shapes to form pictures or patterns. Stained glass is most commonly used in the decoration of church windows.
When you enter St. Maria Magdalena Roman Catholic church through the main entrance you will see looong central nave first - look at my picture, please.
There is a main altar at its end in a place called an apse whis is good lighted through the light from a few round windows.
Just above you (not seen on the picture) there are church organ located. Btw I love organ music. Do you know Johann Sebastian Bach (German composer and musician 1685 - 1750) and his organ fugues? I was lucky to hear his organ fugue c-moll inside this church. Believe me, his music sounded perfect there - never to forget.
There are a few paintings on huge vaults above the nave of St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church. The round shape vault is divided into four parts by paintred cross. Each part contains a all painting describing scenes from Holy Bible.
Look up at vaults of St. Maria Magdalena Roman catholic church whenever you go inside. They are decorated with various paintigs usually in blue color. Some of the painitngs depict various bible scenes.