Wieliczka Off The Beaten Path

  • 5-25  MILLION  YEARS  OLD  CONE
    5-25 MILLION YEARS OLD CONE
    by matcrazy1
  • CORAL  IN  WIELICZKA  SALT  MINE
    CORAL IN WIELICZKA SALT MINE
    by matcrazy1
  • PART OF THE OLD SALT-WATER  TRANSPORTATION  SYSTEM
    PART OF THE OLD SALT-WATER ...
    by matcrazy1

Most Recent Off The Beaten Path in Wieliczka

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    Jewish and Protestant heritage places in Wieliczka

    by 68maciek Updated Jan 19, 2006

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    Just remind you that Wieliczka was inhabited by significant Jewish minority before the Nazi invasion in WWII.I discovered recently one of the few former Jewish temples (synagoga)here on ul. Klasinienska.
    There is also some kirkut (cementary) remains in Grabowki.
    I have heard that there is renowned in 90- ties Protestant chappel on the way to Gdow.

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    The Crystal Cave (out of the tourist route)

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    The Crystal Cave (or rather caves: lower and upper) is a strict reservation area, out of the tourist route.
    This area was created by nature itself without any human activities.
    The cave was discovered in the second half of 19th century. You can find here many islands of crystal salt.

    The transparent and cubic salt crystals can measure up to 50 cm (20 inches) here - unbelievable.
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    BIG  SALT  CRYSTALS
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    Passage out of the tourist route

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    This underground tunnel - out of the tourist route - leads to Crystal Cave. You must have your own light to go there. And it looks really much more wild and mysterious then any part of the tourist route.
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    UNDERGROUND  TUNNEL
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    Horn of aurochs

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    The Krakow's salt-work manager Boner presented the brotherhood of salt diggers this silver-covered horn of real aurochs.
    The brotherhood of salt diggers was established in the Middle Ages.

    Btw what is (or rather was) aurochs?
    The aurochs is thought to be the original wild stock from which all European cattle breeds eventually descended.
    The aurochs was the great, black bull. In prehistoric times, the aurochs was endemic throughout temperate Europe and Asia.

    The Europeans had pretty much wiped out the Aurochs by the Middle Ages, and by the year 1300 or so it only survived in East Prussia, Lithuania, and Poland, and would have disappeared completely during this time if it weren't for a royal decree in Poland that protected it under threat of death.

    The last aurochs was reported to have died in Poland ( in the Jaktorowski Royal Forest in Mazowsze) in 1627.

    Is it possible to re-live them using genetic engineering? Who knows? Maybe?
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    HORN  OF  AUROCHS
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    Carts

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    There were various kinds (3 if I remember well) of carts used for salt transportation in the past.

    The salt rocks or semiproducts (so called "balwans" - cyllinder in shape) were transported to the bottom of shaft:
    - on the back of the tranportation workers,
    - using push-carts then horse carts and waggons.
    .

    MINING  CART  FOR  SALT
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    Old water transportation system

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    Water and fire were (water still is) the two calamities for Wieliczka Salt Mine.
    In the past they built the complete salt-water transportation system made of wooden chutes which carried salt-water to the shaft bottom Water Mountain.
    .

    PART OF THE OLD SALT-WATER  TRANSPORTATION  SYSTEM
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    Corals in Wieliczka?

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    This coral on the picture derives from warm Myocen Epoch (5-25 mln years ago). Lucky epoch, it seems they haven't any cold winters that time :-).

    BTW what is coral?
    Coral is an animal that belongs to the phylum cnidaria. A phylum is a group that scientists place animals in which share certain characteristics. Cnidarians are radially symmetric, which means that they are the same all the way around, 360 degrees! They are built like sacs with a hole in one end that is surrounded by stinging tentacles. Jellyfish are cnidaria. Now, you are probably thinking, jellyfish don't look anything like what I thought coral was! That's because the most common pictures of coral are colonies called reefs.
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    CORAL  IN  WIELICZKA  SALT  MINE
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    Out of the tourist route

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    Thanks to good friends I was lucky to visit a few places out of the tourist route. To be honest it's not so easy to give such permission.

    On the picture you can see the end of the tourist route.
    .

    THE  END  OF  TOURIST  ROUTE
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    Death places

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    Miners used to sign the place where somebody died (mainly from underground methane explosion or collapse) with Holy Cross on the mine's wall.
    .

    THE  DEATH  SIGN
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    5-25 mln years old cone

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    .
    I found a cone imprisoned in salt cone. My guide said that it's the example of flora from Myocene Epoch.
    I found Myocen was 5mln - 25 mln years ago, a little old cone, isn't it?
    .

    5-25  MILLION  YEARS  OLD  CONE
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    Strange salt formations

    by matcrazy1 Written Feb 25, 2003

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    You can see various strange salt rocky formations along the tourist route (and out of it). They maybe white, green, yellow.
    .

    WHITE  SALT  CORRIDOR
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Wieliczka Off The Beaten Path

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