I think this one beats the Lubartow residence! It's a late baroque palace that consists of the main building and wings that surround a grand courtyard, and a beautiful garden at the back. This type of layout was typical for magnate residences in 17th and 18th c., and is called after the French fashion: "entre cour et jardin".
It was made into a 'temple' of the Polish culture & heritage by one of the Zamoyskis; he gathered a whole collection of portraits, paintings and what-nots. The palace is one of the best preserved magnate residences as it was spared during WWII. It's all now available to see: the residence is now a museum with guided tours.
For contrast, the museum also has a vast collection of socialistic art such as monuments of Stalin ort Lenin that were taken down all over Poland in 1989 and were brought to Kozlowka to form a unique "skansen of socialistic art". Now that's a kick to see all that crap art after the fall of communism! :-)
The museum has so much more! Check their website for details.
Kozlowka is only 7km (over 4m) west of Lubartow. So from Lublin you can go to Lubartow first, and then change your bus to get to Kozlowka.
The new Jewish cemetery (Nowy cmentarz zydowski) was established in 1829 at a time when the Jews constitued almost half of Lublin's inhabitants. During WWII the cemetery was completely destroyed by Nazis.
The cemetery has been renovated by a foundation of private people. The newly built memorial room at the entrance houses a small exhibition. Unfortunately both the cemetery and the memorial room were closed when we visited the place in the late afternoon.
The new Jewish cemetery can be found about 1,5 kilometres northeast of Lublin's old town, just next to the Catholic cemetery (Cmentarz Rzymskokatolicki).
Lublin's old Jewish cemetery (Stary cmentarz zydowski) is the oldest known Jewish cemetery in Poland. It was in use between the 16th and 19th century, but unfortunately was destroyed several times; the last time in 1944 by the Nazis.
When we were there the completely walled cemetery was closed and my guidebook recommended to contact the caretaker to get in. As it was already late we decided to just have a look from the outside and wander around the place.
The old Jewish cemetery is located on a hill know as Grodzisko, which can be found at the corner of the streets ul. Kalinowszczyzna and ul. Sienna; about 20 minutes on foot northeast of Lublin's castle.
On our second day in Lublin, we took a day trip by bus to picturesque Kazimierz Dolny, which is situated at the river Wisla about 60 km west of Lublin.
The little town is home to many historic sights, with the Market Square and its quaint tenement houses being the touristy heart of the city.
Other points of interest include the ruins of a fourteenth century castle with its watchtower, an impressive Parish Church and the late 16th century Reformed Franciscan Church.
For more info on how to get to Kazimierz Dolny from Lublin, please read my transportation tips.
Ok, this is as much a "things to do" tip, but i put it here because it's a bit of a drive out of town... The 'museum' is an amazing experience, though also a very somber one. 78000 people were killed in this camp alone during WW2, which is a shocking statistic. From the reception hall, to the Mausoleum at the end of 5km walk, you are bombarded with images and facts about the way of life at Majdanek. From the Gas chambers, to the Shoe hall (quite literally, just a huge dorm FULL of shoes), and the crematorium (which i didn't even enter - i'd had enough by then), it's an experience i am not ever going to forget.
Entrance is free, though children under 14 are apparently not permitted.
40kms north of Lublin and a couple of kms beyond Lubartow is the highway town of Firlej. Virtually nothing here at first until you turn right heading north of the highway and there's the lake and what is obviously a recreation centre for families. It's wonderful - a series of small cottages and huts around the lakeside - BBQ areas, access for swimming and baoting, campsites etc.. But all very low key and uncommercialised. It took us completely by surprise.
Approximately 35kms north of Lublin is the impressive Zamoyski Palace just to the west of Lubartow in the hamlet of Kozlowka. It is one of the grandest palaces in the region. Built in the 1740s by the Bielinski family before it came into the hands of the Zamoyski family, it's the usual barrage of excess - opulent, extraordinary, OTT. The grounds are extensive and were constantly worked on up until WWII.
On your way around Lublin Old Town you'll certainly see numerous dark passages and gates leading to nobody knows what. I'm really very fond of visiting those mysterious and dangerous places - off the beaten path but right in the middle of the most popular routes.
I can almost hear the walls talk...
The other place is Kazimierz Dolny. So beautiful, I wanted to stay there longer !
Kazimierz Dolny is situated on the bank of The Vistula River.
It is a picturesque town brim with outdoor activities surrounding the area.
There's also a castle ruins situated on the small hill over looking The Vistula River. It is about 13 km from Pulawy & about 44 km from Lublin.MY KAZIMIERZ DOLNY PAGE...[Please click on 'Kazimierz Dolny']
2 places that you must also find time to go to if you are based in Lublin, are Pulawy & Kazimierz Dolny.
Photo on the left is taken in Pulawy which is a serene & laidback village about 50 km from Lublin.
There's 1 train per hour to Pulawy but it's more convenient to take a bus or to travel by car.MY PULAWY PAGE...[Please click on 'Pulawy']
I don't think everyone goes here.. nor know there's a camp in the middle of the city. We were travelling by our own car and finally found it. You can access it with a trolley car too, but going by your own car is easiest. You can park your car very close to the camp fence and the gate.
Sure was an interesting place to visit, especially for me who's interested in WWII.
See my Majdanek page for more information.
Gosh, I didn't realise there is so much to see around Lublin! This is another example of a baroque residence of a famous Polish magnate family, the Sanguszkos. Another one surrounded by a lovely interesting park!
And I didn't know Lubartow, this tiny town in eastern Poland, was a pretty 'international' place as early as 15th century! It had settlers arriving from Germany, the Netherlands and France. And in the 16th century it was a calvinism centre in the Reformation era.
If you like old architecture, you're gonna find Lubartow interesting just as well as the palace. The town is only 25km (16m) north of Lublin and you can get there by bus (goes every 15-20 minutes).
If you're already in Lublin and want to get more detailed information about the "Off the Beaten Paths" below or any other destinations in the region (maps, transportation details, etc.), go to the LOIT - Lublin's Tourist Information Centre ( Lubelski Osrodek Informacji Turystycznej ).
It is in 1/3 Jezuicka St. and that's easy to find: enter the Old Town through the Cracow Gate and you'll see it on the first corner to your right.
The old town in Zamosc is often called the pearl of European Renaissance .
Its layout with the 120 monuments of architecture has been enlisted by UNESCO as an example of World Heritage.
The town was founded in late 16th c. by Jan Zamoyski, the great chancellor and crown marshall (hetman) of Poland. It was designed to be a "citta ideale" by an Italian architect, Bernardo Morando, and perhaps that is why Zamosc is often compared to towns in Tuscany (well, in fact the whole region is called "the Polish Tuscany" for its landscapes).
It is a must! Check some samples of Zamosc architecture in the town's picture gallery.
Zamosc is about 90km (less than 60m) south-east from Lublin, easy to get to by train.
The town itself isn't anything exceptional in Poland but it has got a wondferful, baroque-classicistic palace of the Czartoryski magnate family. This residential palace became the center of Polish political and cultural life after Poland was finally partitioned in 1795.
The palace is surrounded by a vast romantic park with some cute examples of architecture . One of them is the Sybilla temple (see the picture) that imitates that of Vest in Tivoli, Italy. Two other ones are the Gothic House and the little palace that was built for Marynka, Czartoryski's daughter. It's really a pleasure to take a relaxing stroll in the park while touring all the pieces of nice architecture there. But choose rather a nice day as this is an outdoor experience.
You can get to Pulawy by train or bus, it's only about 50 km (32m) north-west of Lublin.
And while you're there, you have only 15 km (9m) south of Pulawy to get to the lovely old town of Kazimierz Dolny :-)) It makes sense to do the two within one day!