St. Florian's Gate and the Barbican, Krakow
The Krakow Barbican, exquisite structure. Matt decided to have a photo shoot for the Krakow 2010 Euromeet here, a beautiful place to do it, as you can see in the photos..
Matt, Ursula and our Polish "troop" took a moment to rest before more photos.
Winfred, Teresa and Ursula have a small discussion.
And Alex gets a few winks before continuing on.
Favorite thing: Saint Florian's Gate was built around the 1307 to protect the northern entrance to the city. The roof was built in the Baroque style in 1660. Originally there were eight gates and 39 towers in the city. Most of them were destroyed in the 19th century. Today only three towers; built in the 15th century and a portion of walls adjacent to this gate have survived to our times. From S. Florian's Gate starts Florianska ulica that leads to the Rynek Glowny.
Built at the end of XIII century to protect the northern entrance to the city of Krakow THE FLORIANSKA GATE or BRAMA FLORIANSKA is the main city gate. The roof, built in the barocque style, was constructed in 1660 by Jan Zaleski. An interesting part of the gate (inside the gate) is the altar to the Holy Mother of Piaski. On the first floor is the chapel constructed in 1885-86 by Wladyslaw Czartoryski.
The elevation shows the Polish Eagle, symbol of Poland's first rulers.
From Florianska Street, you can see the XV11 century Saint Florian Frieze. Both sides of the gate are flanked by the Medieval Walls.
Most days you will see artists and their paintings being shown just to the side of the Gate.
I thought it was a beautiful building and just couldn't help taking many pictures of it.
Built between 1498 - 1499 and financed by King Jan Olbracht, THE BARBICAN or BARBIKAN, was the most important element in the system of defense walls around the city of Krakow. It was once surrounded by a 6 metre deep and 26 metre wide moat. A fortified wall connected the Barbican with the Florianska Gate. The building survived the demolition of the city walls which started in 1806 under Emperor Franciszek II.
Today it is the largest and best preserved building of its kind in Europe.
Accessible for visits from April 15 to October 16 from 10:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Adult ticket 6 zl.
Fondest memory: Krakow is truly a visual feast. Particularly in Old Town and in view of the fact that Krakow was spared the mass destruction suffered by most of the rest of Poland during WWII. As you walk around you should look for the details. Many are on the verge of complete loss but still hold great charm. This view was found along ul. Florianska near the Florian Gate.
This is the finest remnant of the medieval fortifications.
Known as Barbakan, is a powerful circular brick bastion adorned with 7 turrets.
There are 130 loopholes on 4 levels in its massive walls. Some are 3 m thick.
It was built around 1498 as an extra protection to the Florian Gate.
It's one of the surviving structures of its kind in Europe today.
Favorite thing: Built in 1489-1499 as an additional protection of the gate and the town arsenal adjoining the walls. The Barbican was constructed on the near circular plan and the walls are dotted with openings for cannon barrels.
Medieval Krakow had round it two-mile-long (3.2 km) walls with 39 TOWERS and 8 GATES.
Their construction began in the late 13th century. The city walls proper were as high as 10 m (33 ft) and 2,5 m (8.2 ft) thick. Alongside them additional lower walls ran. And an eight-meter-deep (26 ft) and 22-meter-wide (72 ft) moat protected both.
In the first decades of the 19th century those imposing if outdated fortifications were largely pulled down. Very bad decision - who did it? Austrians that time?
Fortunately, the main city gate called Brama Florianska (FLORIAN'S GATE) survived together with three adjacent towers, the walls between them, the 16th-century city arsenal, and a giant BARBICAN in front of them all.
The Brama Florianska gate, built about 1300 as a rectangular Gothic tower of wild stone, is 33,5 m (110 ft = about 11 storey building) tall - hmm... really?. In the Middle Ages Krakow furriers defended it. Its present Baroque roof dates from 1694 and big 16th-century bas-relief of St. Florian adorns the south wall. Famed 19th-century painter Jan Matejko designed the stone eagle on the other side of the gate tower. At the Brama Florianska gate Krakow's Royal Road begins. Here entered kings and princes, foreign envoys and guests of distinction, coronation processions and other parades, to move up the Florianska Street to the central Grand Square, and further down the Grodzka Street to the Wawel Royal Castle.
There are hundreds of PAINTINGS hang on the southern side of the city wall just left to (=west of) Florianska Gate. You can buy or just look at them. Some are horrible but some... quite interesting. You can talk to their painters as well (notice: real artists usually can't speak English haha, it seems they didn't like to go to school much; although some of them can count money in many languages :-).
If you walk northeast past St Mary’s Church, you will enter into traffic free Florianska Street and be heading toward the Florian Gate.
You may find local people selling cheese from paniers down this street. The cheese that they sell is a smoked and quite hard and is made up in the mountains.
Favorite thing: If you enter through the gate, you will come face to face to the 15th century Barbican, a circular defensive bastion that was originally used to protect the gate during times of strife.
Fondest memory: Along the walls that flow away from the Gate, you will often find students selling their paintings and crafts. It is well worth checking out the artwork of some of these up and coming artists.