The cathedral under the invocation of Christ the Lord was constructed in 1927-1956, neo-baroque. Its architects are Zygmunt Gawlik and Franciszek Maczynski, the participatnts of the competition for the cathedral edifice in 1925. The competition for the cathedral design and the discussion after the competition, also about the final decision connected with its execution were one of the most important events of the architectural life in the interwar Poland. The cathedral is a central structure, with a dome on the nave intersection and unclearly exposed presbytery - the altar part. According to the lay out the dome was to be mounted on a very high drum. Unfortunately the postwar authorities did not agree with that. The lack of drums destroys the stylish baroque effect of the structure to a great extent, giving the cathedral more classicistic character, emphsized by a monumental column portico, which makes the church facade.
The interior decorations are dominated by the altar table with a sculpture of the Resurrected Christ hanging over it (designed by Jerzy Kwiatkowski). Jerzy Kwiatkowski is also an author of the bas relief door of the cathedral.
The immaculate conception catholic church was built in 1862 - 1870. It was designed in neo-ghotic style by Alexcus Langer from Wroclaw. The secession stained glass windows in chapels were designed by A. Bunsch.
The Church of St. Michael Archangel contains some unique furnishings and other parts of the church. You can find a wooden, XVII - century pulpit, a wooden, late-gothic sculpture of Our Lady with Jesus from XVI century (transferred in 1970 from Debiensk) and in the church's porch: a stone stoup from XV century and a wooden box (coffer) from XVIII/XIX century.
Church of St. Michael the Archangel was built in 1305 as a sancctuary to citizens of neighbouring villages in case of incursion. This is why near the church the bell tower was built - not only to ring the bell but also as a good point to observe surroundings. The whole was protected by .historic lych-gate and wooden fence around the churchyard. In 1510 the church occured to be too small for the local society and it was decided to extend it to the size we can see today. In 1938 the church was transferred to Katowice from Syrynia (Rybnik district). The bell tower was built in XVII century.
The Museum was founded in 1929. In 1939 Germans took out most of the museum's collection to Bytom. The Silesian Museum came back to Katowice in 1984 and found its headquarter in the building where an old hotel from XIX century was.
The Musem is open from Tuesdays to Friday (10am - 5pm) and on Saturday and Sunday (11am - 4pm). Monday closed. On Saturdays the admission is for free.
The main square in Katowice is not a typical Polish main market square (like in Krakow or Wroclaw). It is called, however, rynek and it is needed to point out that this is the only rynek in the city.
The University of Silesia was established in Katowice in 1968 as the ninth university in Poland. It now has campuses in four cities in the region: Katowice, Sosnowiec, Chorzow and Cieszyn. The majority of faculties are located in Katowice. University of Silesia has 75 departments and 23 institutes. It has more than 45 thousand students and almost 2 thousand teachers, 215 professors and 274 hab. doctors.
Silesia (Slaskie) Voivodeship was formed on 1st January, 1999 out of the former: bielskie, czestochowskie and katowickie voivodeships.
There are 166 gminas in the voivodeship: 48 town gminas, 21 town-village gminas, and 97 village gminas. The voivodeship is divided in 36 poviats, the number includes 17 land poviats and 19 city poviats.
Borders of the present Silesia Voivodeship should not be identified with historical borders of the Silesian region. Historical Silesia included lands which now are in Oder's and Vistula's river-basins. Several changes of Silesia's nationality and its divisions made the history of this land complicated. During the last eleven centuries, Silesia has been under the rules of Czechs, Poles, Hungarians, Austrians and Prussians. Many times it came from hands to hands but now most of its lands are inside the borders of the Republic of Poland (provinces of Lower Silesia, Opole, a part of Silesia and Lubin). A little piece of Lower Silesia belongs to Germany (town called Heyeswerda) and to Czech Republic (Silesia Opawsko-pomorski and Western part of Silesia called Zaolzie)
Throughout centuries, administrative borders of Silesia underwent several changes and now it is hard to say exactly which lands are historically Silesian and which are not. Everything depends on historical period we will refer it to. In the Middle Ages main fortified castles were: Wroclaw (Breslau), Glogow, Niemcza and Legnica. Places in Lower Silesia which are not parts of the present Silesia Voivodeship. The name itself Upper Silesia' appeared in 15th century and its lands were in the shadow of economically predominant Lower Silesia till 18th century. Not historical factors but economic ones decided that these lands are parts of Silesia Voivodeship.
Pilsudski on a horse came to Katowice in 1991 from Croatia. From 1993 stayed temporarly, from 1998 permanently. It is situated opposite the main entrance to the Headquarter of Silesia Voivodship in Jagiellonska Street.
If you are at leisure, you can go to the cinema in Katowice. Our films are not dubbed into Polish, but shown in the original language with Polish subtitles (only some films or cartoons for children are dubbed), so it's not a problem for foreigners.
You can visit in Katowice the following cinemas:
- Cinema City, ul. Gliwicka 44, tel. (0-32) 359-59-59
- Helios, ul. Uniwersytecka 13, tel. (0-32) 603-01-01
- Imax, ul. Gliwicka 44, tel. (0-32) 359-59-59
- Kosmos, ul. Sokolska, tel. (0-32) 351-12-20
- Swiatowid, ul. 3 Maja 7, tel. (0-32) 258-74-32
It's situated in Park Chorzowski.
You can hire in the port: boats, kayaks, pedal boats or you can go on a cruise on the little ferry (ticket costs 5 zl / $1,25)
sat-sun / holidays: 10-19
It's situated in Park Chorzowski and it's working only in summer, but if you are at leisure, it's a good option for you and your family. Swimming-pool is equipped with chutes, take-offs and olympic pool.
open hours: 9-18
It's situated in Park Chorzowski. You can see there a lot of interesting traditional polish folk buildings, e.g. furnished houses, chapels, wind mills, barns, cowsheds and many more. The oldest objects are even from 16th century.
It's really worth to see it!
It's the biggest and the oldest Polish planetarium. It is provided with Zeiss projection apparatus, placed under the 23 metres dome - the screen of the artificial sky. Almost 400 spectators can watch the programme at the same time.
The planetarium sky is an exact picture of the real firmament under which different lectures take place. Most of them deal with geography, astronomy but musical shows can be attended there as well.
The telescope with 30 cm objective situated in the Astronomical Observatory enables astronomers who work in the Planetarium to follow planetoids and comets.
On fine days, visitors can observe the Sun, and after the sunset - admire the most interesting night objects, even with magnification of 750 times.
Time is measured by the big sun-dial which is situated in the planetarium yard.
[the fragment of the text from the official website]
You can see on 50 ha area over 3000 animals (300 species) from all continents. You can meet there a lot of endanger species like saimiri, patas monkey or mangaba. It can be a nice educational walk in heart of a concrete jungle ;-)