The Citadel Park (Park Cytadela) is Poznan's largest park.
It is situated north of the city centre and can be reached in about 20 minutes on foot or by several tram lines (e.g. #3, #4, #10).
If entering the Citadel Park from the south (al. Niepodleglosci), you will see a grand staircase leading to a Soviet Obelisk. It is dedicated to the Red Army soldiers who were killed during the 1945 siege.
You can also visit several cemeteries for Polish, British and Soviet soldiers in this area of the park. The Commonwealth cemetery is even the resting place of some people who were captured during "The Great Escape", a well known prisoner escape from a PoW camp in Zagan.
The park is home to the ruins of the Winiary Fortress which was built by the Prussians in the early 19th century and which was destroyed during the siege of Poznan in 1945.
The Museum of Arms is also located in the park. It exhibits a wide range of militaria documents, as well as several tanks, planes and other vehicles in the outdoor area, many of which can be seen even when not visiting the museum.
Many sculptures can be found all over the park, with the Headless Figures Scupture being probably the most popular one. It consists of 112 two metre tall headless figures made of cast iron. It was unveiled during Poznan's 750th anniversairy in 2002.
The Stary Rynek is the central square of the city and probably the starting point of every sightseeing tour. It was established in the middle of the 13th century.
I have listed its main buildings under "Things to do". Other interesting sights include:
The corners of the Old Market square are home to four fountains representing Apollo, Poseidon, Mars and the kidnapping of Prosperine.
The City Scale (Waga miejska) can be found behind the Old Town Hall. It was the building where all goods to be sold on the market had to be weighted.
Just in front of the Old Town Hall stands the Pilory, dating from 1535. On its top stands a statue of the executioner of Poznan who holds a sword.
The house no. 78 at the western frontage of the square is the Dzialynski Palace which was constructed in the late 1770's. The classicist facade is topped by a sculpture of a pelican.
Poznan is home to numerous churches. I have listed many of the ones we visited in the "Things to do" section.
Beside these, we also came across the following worth mentioning churches:
The Jesuit Church is also called the Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and Our Lady of Consolation. Its present appearnce dates back to the early 18th century. The church stands at the street ul. Szewska 18.
The Church of St. John of Jerusalem can be found at the northwestern end of the Lake Malta. Its history dates back to the 12th century and it is therefore Poznan's second oldest church.
The St. Martin Church was first mentioned in a document from 1244. It is therefore one of the oldest parish churches in Poznan, but unfortunatly it suffered the most damages during WWII. The church is situated southwest of the Stary Rynek at ul. Sw. Marcin 13.
The All Saints Church was erected at the street ul. Grobla as an evangelic church between 1777 and 1787. It features elements of Late Baroque as well as Neoclassical style.
The history of the Saint Mary Church dates back to the 13th century. It was damaged several times over the centuries. The church is located at the crossing of the streets Wroniecka and Masztalarska.
Poznan is home to the largest trade fair area in Poland.
The trade fair tradition of the city even goes back to the middle of the 13th century.
The 1st Poznan Fair on the current grounds was organised in 1921. Nowadays more than 40 fairs, shows and events are held here.
Poznan's fair grounds are situated about 1,5 km west of the city centre, just in between the streets ul. Glogowska, ul Grunwaldzka and ul Sniadeckich.
Most of Poznan's main sights are beautifully illuminated at night.
Among them are of course most buildings on the Old Market Square, like the Old Town Hall and the Dzialynski Palace.
Other worth seeing buildings at night include the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, the Imperial Castle and the University Aula.
The centenary stagnation of the city began with the Swedish invasion in 1655. Northern war and epidemic of plague reduced the number of its inhabitants from 20 to 5 thousand. Wars weakened Poland. In the end of XVIII century its western part was attached to Prussia. In 1815 Poznan became the capital of the Poznan Princedom.
The development of the city was stopped during annexations time while Poznan was attached to Prussia and its name was changed into Posen.Revolts flashed in Poznan many times. In 1848 during the revolt against Prussian domination insurgents suffered defeat.
Independence was brought only by the Great Polish revolt in December of 1918. In 1940th the city strongly suffered from bombings. The Soviet armies took it in January of 1945, but during two months it was necessary to beat out fascists from the old Prussian citadel.
The first Polish prince Mieszko I was christened nearby to Poznan in Gniezno in 966. Soon his son Boleslaw Chrobry was proclaimed as the king. He began the dynasty of Piasts which rolled the country almost three and a half century.
In those days Poznan was the main administrative and military center of the Polish state. Poznan was the capital of Poland till 1038 then the capital was moved to Krakow. Crafts actively developed there, and by the end of XIV century Poznan became the important center of European trade.
In Renaissance, thanks to its position on the Warta River and close to German border, Poznan was one of the main trade centers in Europe.
The Island Tumski (Ostrow Tumski) is the historical kernel of the city. Ostrow Tumski is an isle on Warta River. This is the place where first Poles set up their settlements.
According to the legend, after long separation there were legendary ancestors of three Slavic people the western Slav - Leh, the southern Slav - Cheh and the east Slav - Rus. Though time also had changed them, but brothers recognized each other at once and joyfully cried: "Poznae! Poznae! (I recognize you! I recognize you!)".
In the memory of that meeting it was decided to construct the city on the Varta-river banks and to give it the name of Poznan.
Favorite thing: Architecture of Poznan is really amazing. Not only streets of old town, but streets in different parts of the city. Buildings of them are colourful or grey but look wonderful and rich. Houses were built lots of years ago and now they with their beauty are like value sights and pride of the city.
Favorite thing: Poznan is important centre of economy in Poland and Central Europe. Agencies and headquarters of companies and banks locate in Poznan centre. Becouse of that lots of new modern buildings were built in the city, also high-rise buildings.
Malta is a lake in the city and recreational/sport centre with a same name is located on this lake. It is fantastic and amazing place for active or quiet spending time. Water sports - kayaking or see competitions of it. Nearbe hill is situated - it is used for bobsled - that you can do also in summer. Ofcourse Malta has also a beach, place for swimming and sunbathing. Area is beautifully decorated. There are playing places for chidren - climbing frames etc; open-air cafes with a Poznan beer LECH; cinema on open air.
It is magic.
Ostrow Tumski (Tumski Isle) is the oldest place in Poznan history. It was one of the first capital settlements of Piast state and the first bishopland in Poland. Cathedral was erected in year 968 and it with Gniezno Cathedral are one of the most important churches in Poland's history. At the front from cathedral square is situated and near old St. Mary church.
Poznan old town and Ostrow Tumski are separated by river Warta. It is about in 20 min walk from Stary Rynek - Old town square.
Favorite thing: Bernardine church is situated on Garbary street very close to old town. Baroque church with two towers impressively consorts with interesting buildings around. Thanks Jan Steyner from Leszno in 1730 church got its today appearance. At that time fascade was underbuilt.
The Old Market is the central point of located here in 1254 new city.
Main point of the Old Market is Town Hall. Beside that you can admire interesting tenement houses, Bamberka well, old pillary, the fountain of Persephone and baroque figure of St. Jan Nepomucen.
In this picture you can see some cultural activity with classical music on the street.
Ostrow Tumski is an island among water of river Warta and Cybina.
This is the oldest part of Poznan city and the place where, as legend says, Poznan was founded.
Archeological research has proved that the foundation took place in the 10th century.
Today's appearance of St. Peter's and St. Paul's Cathedral dates from the 14th century, but the first wooden cathedral church was ready in 968.
In the crypt there are some pre-Romanesque and Romanesque remnants of the oldest temples as well as the tombs of the first rulers of Poland (Mieszko I and Boleslaw Chrobry).
There are also many other valuable historic monuments, as main altar from 1512 or pulpit from 1720.