Srodka is an old district of Poznan, which was an independent town until 1800.
The name was derived from the weekly town market which took place on Wednesdays (Sroda = Wednesday).
Nowadays the district seems to be a bit negelected, but it has its own charm.
Around the central Market Square you can find the Kino Malta and the St. Margaret's Church, which was built in the 15th century.
Srodka lies to the east of the Cathedral Island (Ostrow Tumski).
An early 19th century Jewish cemetery used to be located in the place where nowadays the Trade Fair grounds can be found. It was totally destoyed by the Nazis, who used the tombstones to pave roads.
Since 2008 the existence of the cemetery is commemorated by a memorial plaque at the entrance to a courtyard in the street ul. Glogowska 26a.
The courtyard was also the resting place of Poznan's Rabbi Akiva Eiger. New tombstones have been erected in the vicinity of the graves.
The Polish Underground State and Home Army Monument was unveiled on the 26th September 2007, about 68 years after the founding of the Polish Underground State.
The bronze and steel monument was designed by the Polish artist Mariusz Kulpa.
The monument mainly consists of a symbolic house and 6 eagles flying out of it, representing the destroyed houses of WWII as well as Poland's fight for independence.
The Polish Underground State and Home Army Monument is can be found in the Wieniawski Park, which is situated west of the city centre, somewhere behind the Grand Theatre.
South of the Old Town, at the crossing of the streets Sw. Marcin and Podgórna, east from the St. Marcin Church, you can see a bronze figure standing with a bike. That's the Old Marych, Stary Marych to Poles. He is an all from the beginning fictive person but he has come to symbolize the typical Poznonian. He has given voice to many ideas and arguments in the local papers, all the time speaking a local dialect.
A couple of years ago some vandal stole one of the pedals from the bike, but luckily it is now replaced.
This is something definitely worth seeing. It may be about 20 min from Poznan. I believe there are bus tours that you can take. This castle is known for its amazing woodwork.
It is in the 14 century already, that the castle has been built in Kórnik by the brother of the bishop of the nearby Poznañ. The medieval defensive castle has been throughout centuries changed and rebuilt by the consecutive aristocratic owners, the noble families Górka, Na³êcz Czarnkowski, Grudziñski and Szo³drski. Inherited in 1801 by the Dzia³yñski family, the Kórnik Castle has been rebuilt (1843-1861) in the neo-gothic style by the famous architect from not so far away Berlin - Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Death of the owner - Tytus Dzia³yñski interrupted the construction, but just a few years later, his son Jan Kanty Dzia³yñski continued the works.
About 115 km from Poznan is a small village called Lichen Stary. Here you'll see a small beautiful old town, but towering above nearby is the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen. It is enormous!! I had to back almost off the property to fit it in the frame :) If you're in th area, it's worth a visit.
It is currently Polands largest church, the seventh largest in Europe, and 11th in the world.
The church, rising 98 meters (central nave), 141,5 metres (church tower), is 120 metres long and 77 metres in width.
Maybe 100+ km from Poznan, theres a little castle tucked away in a park in a town named Goluchow. The castle dates back to the 16th century and posesses French Renaissance traits. It was originally a defence structure and was built for Rafal Leszczynski around 1650, to be turned into a stately magnate residence by Rafal's son, Waclaw, one of the Republic of Poland - Lithuania's most prominent citizens.
In 1853, the Goluchow was purchased by Tuytus Dzialynski (the owner of Kornik Castle) and then given to his son Jan in 1857. Jan at the time married Izabella Czartoryski, daughter of the leader of the "Hotel Lambert" Society in Exile, Prince Adam Czartoryski.
Izabella brought here architects, sculptors, and painters from France along with craftsmen from Kornik. Izabella was also an ardent collector of art ranging from fine paintings to ancient Greek vases.
WWII played havoc with the museum. A part of the collection was captured by Nazi's and taken to Germany. Many objects were either destroyed or lost. Those that survived and were found by the Soviet army, were transported to the museums of the USSR and then returned to Poland in 1956.
In 1951, it became a section of the National Museum in Poznan.
Poznan is a city with old brew traditions. It has large brewery producting popular traditional Polish beers. The name of brewery is Kompania Piwowarska. There are organised guided tours in brewery for tourists. You can see how is beer produced here, how is beer packed to bottles and cans, see film about corporation, visit pub and degustate beers.
Some beers produced in Poznan brewery:
LECH - real Poznan beer!
TYSKIE - very famous traditional beer from Southern Poland
ZUBR - traditional Bialystok (Estern Poland) beer
Dog In The Fog
REDD'S - fruit beers, womens like it!
One of "must see" tourist attractions near Poznan is a town of Kornik, located in 30 minuts by bus from Poznan centre. It is quiet old town with historical centre. There is a town hall in the centre of square, nearbe church built of red brick is situated, nice renovated houses around. Main sight visited by tourists is Kornik castle. Kornik is situated on the bank of large lake.
It is worth to to day trip to Lichen town from Poznan. Lichen Stary is a second major Catholic pilgrimage centre in Poland. There are lots of the churches in the town. One of them is Lichen sanctuary - largest temple in Poland. Near sanctuary stone hill is situated - so called Calvary with Crucify of Jesus.
This place is fabulously nice.
The Old Town of Poznan is placed in the territory less than 20 hectares, which Poznan occupied in XIII century. Few constructions of that time remained there. Buildings were reconstructed many times, their shape and view varied.
In the XIX century the strengthening which surrounded the medieval city were disassembled. However, when the city was restored during post-war time architects tried to return that very view to houses which they had three hundred - five hundred years ago.
The college - or a monastic house where part of the friars devoted their time to educating young people - was founded in Poznañ in 1570. One year later the first Jesuits came to town. The College was opened in 1573.
The college as it is today was built in the 18th century. The edifice was designed by Jan Catenazzi and its construction started in 1703. Barely had the foundations been laid when the Northern War broke out. Construction was only completed between 1722-32. Originally the building had the shape of a horseshoe.
The external furniture of the church looks very modestly in comparison with internal. Its present appearance of beautiful baroque building with decorative facades and delightful interiors owes to Italian architects.
In the autumn of 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte lived here. Between the wars the buildings housed the authorities of the voivodship. Today it houses the City Council.
Another symbol of Poznan settles down in a turret of the Town Hall, where the clock is placed. The small door opens every midday and two small goats appear there from; they butt, collecting crowds of spectators. They butt each other twelve times.
For the first time this wonder appeared in 1651. We did not manage to see this show. However we saw the sculptural image of these small goats on one of the streets. Possibly they symbolize goats of the Town Hall clock.
In some 50 km from Poznan the first capital of Poland is situated. Gniezno is known of its Cathedral where many Polish kings were crowned. Also tomb of St. Adalbertus (Wojciech) locates in Cathedral. There is also old town and lake in Gniezno.
Gniezno is definitely worth a trip from Poznan, becouse these two cities were the first capitals of Polish state!!
If you are brave enough to ventre into the country side, don't be surprised if you can't find a shop or anything in a village. There may not even be one or it may be tucked away never for you to find it. Also don't be surprised if you go to a gas station and there is no gas there!