On the western side of the Old Town Square, at the beginning of Ulica Franciszkanska, sits the Dzialynski Palace, erected in 1773 - 87 in Baroque style. Its classical facade is topped with richly decorated sculptures. In the middle on top of the roof is a statue of a pelican with outstretched wings. Today, the palace houses various divisions of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
The beautiful yellow Franciscan Church was erected in 1674 - 1728 in late Baroque style. Its interior is adorned with wall paintings and rich stucco works. The local monk Adam Swach made the paintings while his brother Antoni made the sculptures.
The castle was built in the 13th century, rebuilt in the 16th, extended in the 18th and destroyed in 1945. It has partly been built up again and from 1963 it serves as a museum.
When I was walking the streets to get to the Old Town Square, I didn't take the shortest way so I just happend to come across this little beautiful church by chance. The doors were opened but I could not get in because there is a glass-plate to hold people out but letting us look inside. Unfortunately there was no sign to tell anything about the building.
The red-and-pink-colored Parish Church (Kosciol Farny in Polish) was erected in the years 1651 - 1701. It is 55 meters long, 35 meters wide and 27 meters high with huge columns and a lot of Baroque decorations.
Every Saturday there is an organ concert at 12:15.
The church is open 06:00 - 19:30.
The link below is all in Polish but there are some beautiful pictures and a map to prepare yourself before the visit.
At my first arrival at Poznan Airport the inflight went over the city and so I could see this marvelous building from above, with its pink and white facade in baroque pattern. THAT was magic and I will never forget the sight, that's for sure!
For more pictures, see my Travelouge.
Stary Rynek, the Old Town Square, was laid out in 1253 along with the rest of the Old Town. It measures 140 x 140 meters. From the beginning it was lined with timber buildings but later there was built brick houses which can still be seen. Some of them are very narrow but high. The reason to this is that the house owners had to pay tax calculated on the length of the house along the street. That was a common way in medieval times in many places all over Europe. So the houses were narrow but high.
This is the gem in the crown!
The building we now can admire was built in 1550 - 60 after a fire had devastated the original one, together with most of the town, in 1536. Only the tower is a later addition as the first one collapsed.
The original Town Hall must have been built in the very beginning of the 14th century because the keystone on the vault in the cellars shows the coat of arms of the dynasty of the Premyslids, who reigned Poland in the years 1300 - 1306.
There are very nice paintings decorating the facade.
The tower is 61 meters high, topped with a crowned eagle, the symbol of Poland. The wingspan is 2 meters.
The little Gothic church of St. Mary was probably built in 1435. Close to it is the house which is used as home to the cantors, built in 1518.
The Petrus and Paulus Cathedral is situated in Ostrów Tumski (Tumski Island). The origin of the Cathedral dates back in the 10th century, but little remains of that today. It is visible, though, in the crypt. The present-day Gothic edifice was constructed in the years 1356 - 1410. The Cathedral got it's present shape when it was reconstructed after the second World War as it had been burnt by the Germans after they had used it as a storehouse. The furnishings we can see now has been collected from other churches.
The web page (link further down) is in Polish only.
For over three hundred years, the church has housed a picture of the Miracle-Working Mary, also known as the Lady of Poznan. It is situated in the Chapel of Mary in the left transept. The altar is carved in oak tree.
The Church of the Holy Blood of Jesus (Kosciol Najswietszej Krwi Pana Jezusa) got its present appearance in the early 20th century.
It was built on a site of a late 14th century tenement, which was converted into a shrine by the Carmelites in the 17th century.
The Church of the Holy Blood of Jesus can be found in the street ul. Zydowska which leads to the north from the north eastern corner of the Old Market Square.
Address Church of the Holy Blood of Jesus, ul. Zydowska, Poznan
The Church of the Holy Saviour (Kosciol Pw.Najswietszego Zbawiciela) was built between 1866 and 1869 in Neo-Gothic style.
The church was first used by the evangelic parish, later by the Roman Catholics and in 1950 it was taken over by the parish again. With 70 m the church tower is one of the tallest in the city.
The Church of the Holy Savious can be found at the street ul A. Fredry somehwere east of the Grand Theatre and the Collegium Maius.
Address: Church of the Holy Saviour, ul. A. Fredry 11, Poznan
The Grand Theatre and Opera House (Teatr Wielki) was opened in 1910 after only two years of construction.
The Neo-classical building was designed by the German architect Max Littmann.
The facade consists of six massive colums and is topped by a Pegasus statue.
The Grand Theatre and Opera House can be found at the street. ul. A. Fredry 9 just next to the Collegium Maius. Both buildings are situated about 1 km west of the Old Market Square (Stary Rynek).
Address: Grand Theatre, ul. A. Fredry 9, Poznan
The Neo-Baroque Collegium Maius was built between 1905 and 1908 as the seat for the Prussian parliament.
Later in 1920 it was taken over by the university of Poznan.
During WWII it was home to the Nazi Secret State Police. During this time Polish scouts entered the building and put the Polish flag on top of the building.
This action is commemorated by a plaque at the main facade near the entrance of the building.
The Collegium Maius can be found at the street. ul. A. Fredry 10 just next to the Grand Theatre and Opera House. Both buildings are situated about 1 km west of the Old Market Square (Stary Rynek).
Address: Collegium Maius, ul. A. Fredry 10, Poznan
The former Jesuit College (Kolegium Jezuickie) was founded in Poznan in the late 16th century. The history of the current building complex dates back to the first half of the 18th century.
After the closure of the college in the late 18th century, it served for various purposes, even Napoleon Bonaparte lived here.
At present it is home to the municipal authorities.
The former Jesuit College is located in the neigbourhood of the Parish Church of St. Stanislaus, just south of the Old Market Square (Stary Rynek).
Address: Former Jesuit College, ul. Golebia 8, Poznan