In Portuguese the word for "olive tree" is oliveira. Notice that the square is named Praça da Oliveira, meaning Olive Tree Square, and also the church is named Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, meaning Our Lady of the Olive Tree.
Why the Olive Tree?
There is a legend that says that there was a olive tree on this square, nowadays named Praça da Oliveira on the historic centre, where is situated the church. The purpose of this olive tree was to provide olive oil to feed the burning flame on the althar of the church. But this olive tree got sick and started to die. Merchant Pedro Soares offered a cross that was placed in Padrão dos Salados. Ever since, the olive tree recovered and kept growing, providing the olives to produce the oil for the althar.
Nowadays there is still an olive tree in this same square, by the church and by Padrão dos Salados, but it isn’t the "original" tree that the legends refers to, as the actual tree was planted recently in 1985.
The north of Portugal is especially famous for its portwine from the Douro Valley. Nevertheless, there are also some well known beers available in Portugal.
Sagres beer is brewed by the Central de Cervejas brewery in Vila Franca de Xira. Since 2008 the brewery is under control of a joint venture of the breweries Heinken and Carlsberg.
Superbock beer is the most popular beer in Portugal and also well known in other countries of the world. It is brewed by the Unicer brewery in Leca do Balio in the north of Portugal.
As elsewhere in the region, it is virtually impossible to find a place serving a full meal before noon. So have a breakfast, or you will be limited to a few places serving cheap small sandwiches or tea/ coffee with a pastry.