Romans in Conimbriga used to have small houses but always with a small garden. In this photo it's possible to see the pillars and the gardens.
Behind it's possible to see the wall that defended the city from atacks.
The ancient city of Conimbriga may not be the largest town in Roman Portugal but it has apparently survived better than any other and is probably by far the most important Roman site in Portugal.
When the last inhabitants here were attacked they abandoned it for the safety of nearby Coimbra and most of what has been excavated here is from the second to the fourth century.
What you can see here are houses with exceptional mosaic floors; some out in the open and some covered to protect them from the elements and with walk way systems to see over or around them.
I was impressed with seeing the aqueduct on such a smaller residential scale - i have seen the huge ones around europe and walked over Pont du Garde in France but here was a smaller one that you can see up close and see how it fitted in with its city surrounds and its job to feed water to the city.
The House of the Fountains is a great Roman residential building dating from the beginnings of the 1st century.
The central peristyle was decorated by landscaped box-gardens surrounded by mosaics and fountains.
The house of Cantaber occupied a very central insula in the urban pattern of Conimbriga. This house, one of the most spacious of the western Roman world, is believed to belong to a Cantaber, whose wife and children were killed during the barbaric invasions in 465 AD.
The house has some curiosities like the peristyle. A system of multiple fountains existed also. The statuette of Minerva was found in the central tank
Created in 1962 the Museu de Conimbriga is exclusively dedicated to the archaeological site where it is located.
Its collections are diversified and they illustrate the historical evolution of the archaeological site, from the end of the second millennium B.C. and the VI century of the Christian era.
The objects exposed were found during the excavations that, with great interruptions, took place since 1898 and are distributed by thirty one different themes that illustrate the vitality of this city.
This is how the main house in the city used to be. You can find this beautifull building in the ruins also. It's worth coming here and see all this civilization.
The identified oldest tiles date of the age of final bronze. In the right it is possible to observe the way that bound Lisbon to Braga.
I was amazing to see these baths in such a good condition. The ruins are still well preserved thanks to local people.
Like the excellent mosaics to be seen in the houses and apartments throughout the Roman city of Volibulis in morocco, Conimbriga has houses still with excellent mosaics to be seen.
The aqueduct has 3,5Km long til Alcabideque, where water was captured, and ended in a distribution tower near the arch.
Building of residential characteristics, that
occupies the central part of a insula. Notice the beautiful mosaics
Another picture of the House of the Fountains. It is well preserved and you can see the fountains working.
This area was inhabited from the I to the IV century and abandoned when the defensive wall was built over the street leading to it. It was converted into a cemetery during the V century.