The Roman Temple, Évora
The ex-libris of Evora this is one of the best preserved roman monuments in Portugal.
The experts don't accept the designation of "Diana temple" because they found that it was built in the first century and dedicated to the emperor, not to the goddess, but the people always called it that way, so... let's accept the baptism.
Anyway, the point is that this is just one of the several attractions that make Evora UNESCO heritage, and a must see.
Going all the way back to Roman times here in Evora, this temple is a good example of the beautiful architecture that the Romans were capable of. The tourist books say this is a temple dedicated to Diana, but the history/religious books are not sure and say that it could also be a temple to Jupiter. No matter really for us today, it is still beautiful.
The Templo de Diana or Temple of Diana was built the 2nd century AD. It says that the building was devoted to the Roman goddess Diana, but other sources say it might have been to Jupiter, the Roman equivalent of Zeus.
The temple withstood the Great Earthquake of 1755.
The temple lost its religeous purpose as it was used as an execution site during the Inquisition; in later years it became a slaughterhouse till 1870.
Templo de Diana / The Roman Temple dedicated to Diana, goddess of hunting, that is the common name for this best-preserved roman remain in Portugal. Some Scientists believe that this templs was not dedicated to Diana but to an emperor of the 1st century. In any case this temple had survived all these centuries up to now because it was used in everyday life of Evora, first as a place to make executions and later as a slaughterhouse.
This best preserved Roman ruin in Portugal is best viewed at night when the flood lights are focused on highlighting the best features of the standing columns. It makes the structure look more magnificent and adds a sense of drama to the monument.
The roman temple in Evora is named after the roman godess Diana.
It dates back from the 2nd century and is fairly well preserved.
One reason why it was never torn down even if it was right in the center of town was most likely cause it was used as a slaughterhouse for a few hunderd years and therefor served a practical purpose.
Today we can only happy that this happend as we have a very well preserved piece of roman culture left there.
As I've said before, seeing this Roman temple (dedicated to Diana) after my summer vacations in Rome, where you can find one like this when you go to the supermarket, to school or to the cinema, was not such a big deal :-P But it's very important since it's part of the history of my country, it's a living testemony of my Roman grandfathers. And unfortunately, we don't have many traces of that past to contemplate nowadays.
The small ruined temple is the most important monument to the Romans on the territory of Portugal, or, as it was called then, Lusitania. It is unknown to whom it was dedicated, but the locals decided to attribute it to Diana. The temple was built in the II century AD. Most of the foundation and half of the columns have survived, which is amazing giving the turbulent history of the place. You are not allowed to climb up for conservation purposes.
Evora's most famous monument is the Roman Temple. Lying right in the centre of the city, the temple, which dates from the 2nd century, is one of Portugal's few remaining monuments form the Roman occupation. The temple perahps owes it's survival to it's continuous use down the centuries. In medieval times it was used as an execution site while later it was used as a slaughterhouse.
It is what remains of the forum of the city of Évora and was devoted to the imperial cult and not, unlike what is popularly believed, dedicated to the goddess Diana.
The temple, built in marble and granite, is surrounded by Corithian columns rising upon a podium which remains almost complete. The columns of the façade have disappeared but the six columns on the back remain, as well as a few on the sides.
It knew several changes over the centuries; namely in the 5th century, with the Barbarian invasions, and in the 14th century when it was used as a armoury for the city´s castle.
During the second half of the 19th century, the buildings attached to it were demolished and it was almost completely restored, allowing the temple to recover its original aspect.
During the 20th century, new escavations found remains of a portico and of the artificial lake that surrounded it.
The Roman Temple in the center of Evora is often called the Diana Temple because it is believed to have been built in honor of the goddess Diana. The temple was built sometime between the first and third centuries AD. It is modeled on the Acropolis in the Corinthian style, and is a unique example of this type of architecture in Portugal. It was later used as an armory, slaughterhouse, and theater, before being rescued and preserved as an architectural relic in 1870.
The centrepiece of Evora (along with Giraldo Square), both geographically and spiritually, is its ancient Roman Temple, commonly called Diana Temple for the Roman goddess. Built sometime in the 100-200 AD time period, this amazing old structure with its Corinthian columns has managed to withstand the ravages of both time and human interference! Over the centuries since it construction, it has been used as an armoury, a theatre and a slaughterhouse. However, it is now preserved as an amazing historical relic after its value was finally recognized in 1870.
The Roman Temple is also called, and more frequently known as, Temple of Diana. This temple dates back to the first decades of the 1st century. It was built in Évora’s Acropolis and it is Corinthian style. It is the best-kept Roman temple in Portugal, therefore it is very popular and well known all over the country. Probably visitors that have seen other roman ruins may be slightly disappointed; nevertheless I think it is worth a visit, since the top of the columns are very beautiful and very well-kept.
Situated in the top North of the old Roman "forum", the main public square of the Roman city , the temple popularly called "of Diana", is a construction of century I and, for its great dimensions (24,60x14,19m) and localization, it must have been dedicated to the cult of the Emperor, possibly to the proper Augustus. Recent archaeological activity confirm that in the left side of the Temple was fit for tanks, creating a rare effect of water mirror, and that the forum would be encircled by a monumental porticada gallery.
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Today 19.01.04 the day was great. Very nice color this one that gives a very nice ambiance on the Lois church along with the temple.
Corinthian columns ruins of a most elegant temple from the end of the second century AD. The square has a fantastic atmosphere and all around yo can fell history.