Churches and monasteries, Lisbon
Mosteiro dos Jeronimos or JERONIMOS MONASTERY is a masterpiece of Manueline style and Portuguese late Gothic. Construction of the Church of Santa Maria and Cloisters for the Hieronymite Religious order, began in 1502 on the orders of Dom Manuel I, in thanksgiving for divine favour bestowed on the Discoveries. The Monastery took 50 years to complete. The enormous amount of funds needed for this monastery, meant abandoning the construction at the Batalha Monastery ( re: roofless, unfinished Chapel ).
The ornate main entrance to the Church of Santa Maria, is large - 32 meters high and 12 meters wide. It features an abundance of gables, pinnacles and many carved figures, including a statue of Henry the Navigator, standing on a pedestal between the two doors.
The Monastery was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
Located on Praca do Imperio, Belem
Open October to April 10:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
Tuesday to Sunday
May to September 10:00 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.
Tuesday to Sunday
Free admission for all , Sundays to 2:00 p.m.
At the end of the side aisles and on both sides of the choir, stand the Manueline altars of SANTA MARIA CHURCH dating from the 16th and 17th centuries. They are decorated with carved work in golden and green colours.
The Chancel was ordered by Queen Catherine of Habsburg as the final resting place for the Royal Family. The Royal tombs rest on marble elephants and are set between Ionic pillars, topped by Corinthean pillars. The tombs contain the remains of King Manuel I and his wife Maria of Aragon and of King Joao III and his wife Queen Catherine of Habsburg.
Close to the Western Portal are the tombs of Vasco da Gama (see separate tip), Portuguese explorer and of the great poet Luis de Camoes.
The place of Sé Cathedral with its Church of Santa Maria Mayor has been a place of worship far before it´s construction in the 12th century.
I was told, that it´s 'a late-Romanesque style with Gothic, Mannerist, Baroque, neo-Romanesque and neo-Gothic elements'.
Unique then, must I say!!
The church of Santa Engràcia stands on the site of some previous churches. It was built from 1682 to 1966. This is the site of the Panteao Naciònal; the National Pantheon where some presidents of Portugal and several writers are buried. I visited this church in order to see the tomb of Amalia Rodrigues; my favourite fado singer.
The second floor of this church is used for temporary exibitions.
On the fourth floor there is a terrace from where you can enjoy a beautiful landscape. I didn't take any pics on the terrace the day I visited this church, because the weather wasn't fine.
This church is located at Largo de Santa Clara. You can get there by tram n. 28 and stop in front of the monastery of Sao Vicente da Fora. Then go straight by foot on your left for some ten - fifteen minutes.
Inside you will find a spacious church with mystic quality of light. There are also stonetombs of Vasco da Gama and Luís de Camões.
Peaceful and cool place just to sit a while. These kind of places makes me so silent.
Favorite thing: On the way-up to Castelo de São Jorce, we stopped at the place of Sé Cathedral and visited the Church of Santa Maria Mayor. It has been a place of worship far before it´s construction in the 12th century.
Favorite thing: Lisboa's cathedral, the Sé, was built by the first king of Portugal, Dom Afonso Henriques. The 12th century baptismal font where Saint Anthony was christened and the Gothic chapel are also interesting to see.
Favorite thing: Lisbon's most impressive monument is the Jeronimos Monastery, built in the Portuguese Manueline style. Inside is the tomb of explorer Vasco da Gama and very impressive cloisters! This is Lisbon's must-see sight.
Favorite thing: Lisbon's cathedral is a fortress-like building built in the 1100s, making it one of the city's oldest buildings. Within its cloisters are archeological excavations that have revealed Roman and Moorish finds.
UNESCO has classified it a World Heritage monument and you can soon see why, or maybe Antonio can explain it to you as he did for us.
Aside from the historical importance, this is a beautiful building and worth a visit just for the architecture. There is a link below if you would like to read more of the history. I am more into the physical beauty of the buildings rather than the history, but evan a total history idiot (yes like me ;o)) knows about Vaso de Gama who is buried here in his crypt.
Fondest memory: http://www.golisbon.com/sight-seeing/jeronimos.html
Favorite thing: Sè means "cathedral". This is one of the oldest building in Portugal. It was built in the second half of the 12th century on the top of a mosque.
This convent was founded in 1389 and its construction was completed in 1423. It was destroyed by the earthquake of 1755. Now it houses an archaeological museum
You can see part of it from Rossio.
...I was told, that it´s 'a late-Romanesque style with Gothic, Mannerist, Baroque, neo-Romanesque and neo-Gothic elements'.
Unique then, must I say.
Basílica da Estrela
This eighteenth century Neo-classical church has two bell towers and great masonry work. The paintings by Pompeu Botoni and Pedro Alexandrino are worth seeing.
Favorite thing: The Santa Engracia Church is seen from Alfama and is also the National Pantheon, housing cenotaphs of heroes of Portuguese history. You can also take an elevator up to the dome for views of the area.