Belém, Lisbon

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  • Belém
    by jlanza29
  • Belém
    by jlanza29
  • Belém
    by jlanza29
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    Padrão dos Descobrimentos

    by jlanza29 Written Mar 11, 2014

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    The Monument to the Discoveries (in Portuguese “Padrão do Descobrimentos”), created by Cottinelli Telmo (1897–1948) and the sculptor Leopoldo de Almeida (1898–1975), was first erected in 1940, in a temporary form, as part of the Portuguese World Exhibition. Built with perishable materials, it had a light iron and cement frame, while the moulded sculpture was made of gypsum (formed of plaster and burlap, and reinforced by a wooden and iron structure).
    The monument was reconstructed in 1960 to mark 500 years since the death of the Infante Dom Henrique (Henry the Navigator). This time it was made of concrete and rose-tinted Leiria stone masonry, with the sculptures made of Sintra limestone masonry.
    The Centro Cultural das Descobertas was opened in 1985. Architect Fernando Ramalho remodelled the interior, giving the monument a viewpoint, auditorium and exhibition hall.

    Standing alone in a striking position on the breakwater on the bank of the Tagus, the Monument to the Discoveries evokes the Portuguese overseas expansion, recalls the country’s glorious past and symbolises the enormity of the work carried out by the Infante, the driving force behind the Discoveries.

    A stylised caravel seems to be setting out to sea, with Henry the Navigator in its prow. On the two lateral ramps ascending to the symbolic figure of the Infante are some of the major figures of the Portuguese overseas expansion and cultural figures from the age of the Discoveries, 32 in total, all portrayed with symbols that allude to their identity: navigators, cartographers, warriors, colonisers, missionaries, chroniclers and artists.

    Composed of a vertical element consisting of a stylised mast oriented North–South, with two Portuguese coats of arms on each side with its five small shields, surrounded by a band with 12 castles and stylised fleurs-de-lis in the centre.

    On each side are three triangular structures, each with one curved side, giving the illusion of sails blown out by the wind.

    The north side is formed by two giant stones which bear inscriptions in metallic letters. On the left side, the inscription above an anchor reads ‘TO THE INFANTE DOM HENRIQUE AND THE PORTUGUESE WHO DISCOVERED THE SEA ROUTES’. On the other side, the inscription above a laurel wreath reads, ‘ON THE V CENTENARY OF THE INFANTE DOM HENRIQUE 1460–1960′.

    In the middle of the monument a flight of nine steps gives access to a platform with a view over the entire surrounding area.

    A second flight of five stairs and a portal with a round arch formed by vaulted stones lead through to the interior of the monument.

    The monument is flanked by two metal armillary spheres on two parallelepiped platforms.

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    Amazing it still stands

    by jlanza29 Written Mar 1, 2014

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    Built on the northern bank of the Tagus between 1514 and 1520 as part of the Tagus estuary defence system, the Tower of Belém is one of the architectural jewels of the reign of Manuel I.
    In the tower as a whole one can distinguish two distinct volumes and military architectural models: the mediaeval keep tower and the modern bulwark which, as it contained two artillery levels, allowed for long-distance cannon firing as well as ricochet shots over the water.

    The Tower of Belém is a cultural reference, a symbol of the specificity of Portugal at the time, including its privileged exchange with other cultures and civilisations. As a protector of Portuguese individuality and universality, the tower saw its role confirmed in 1983 when it was classified by UNESCO as "Cultural Heritage of Humanity".

    It took about 45 minutes for our visit. You can climb all the way to the top and admire the sea views just like they have done for centuries.

    We bought a combo ticket from the Monastery and Tower for 10 Euros.

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    Belem

    by fairy_dust Updated Jan 3, 2014

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    monument
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    This area is by the water, and the waterfront is beautiful. There are historic buildings there, a park, street vendors, and restaurants. There is also the Torre de Belem, but it is expensive to go up in it. On the outside, it looks like an ancient castle tower and it is right by the water. This area is very popular with tourists, and when I was there, there were tour groups everywhere.

    This is the area where I got lost during my first trip to Lisbon. The tour group left without me and didn't notice I wasn't there until later, when I had already left to go back to the hotel. I panicked at first, but then I met an English-speaking tour guide from another group who told me what to do - return to the hotel.

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    Inside the tower

    by solopes Updated Dec 16, 2013

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    Lisbon - Portugal (Jordan
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    Most visitors don't enter the Tower of Belem. It's acceptable, because its content is poor and time generally short, but if you have time, and want to discover how it was conceived and used as stronghold, you may go inside and have a look. It is not a waste of time, and it will not consume much of it (time).

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    Maritime Museum.

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 20, 2013

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    The Maritime Museum was founded by King Luis on July 22, 1863 in order to promote the Portuguese maritime history. The collection began in XVIII century with the gathering of several ships of Royal Navy. Today the Museum owns over seventeen thousand items and two thousand and five hundred of which have been selected to be a part of permanent exhibition, as well as photographic archives, drawings and ship’s plans. Museum itself is situated in the western wing of Mosteiro dos Jeronimos.
    This is the excellent museum which allows you to feel the test of discoveries.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    You can relax and refresh in the Museums cafeteria.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    Maritime Museum. Discoveries Hall.

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 20, 2013

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    This area of permanent exhibition is bringing together the most important items that gave Portugal the primacy in Atlantic voyages and discovery of new lands and people with an emphasis on the progress in shipbuilding and in astronomic navigational instruments, as well as several examples of naval charts. You will be able to such interesting things as the real statue of Saint Rafael the Archangel from the Vasco da Gama’s flagship “San Rafael”. Can you imagine? That statue existed in 1497 and took part in famous voyage to India around Africa and survived the shipwreck! And you can also observe portable altar from the same Vasco da Gama’s flagship “San Rafael”.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    Maritime Museum. Collection of Uniforms.

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 20, 2013

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    Maritime Museum has the very good collection of Portuguese Navy and Marines uniforms starting from the second part of XVIII century through second part of XX century. That collection help to understand the trends and development of Portuguese military fashion and traditions for last two hundred and fifty years.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    Maritime Museum. Royal Cabin Room.

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 20, 2013

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    Royal yacht ?Amelia?
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    Here you will be able to take a look at the cabins used by King Carlos and Queen Amelia preserved after the dismantlement of the Royal yacht “Amelia” in 1938, as well as the porcelain, crystal and silverware that were a part of the equipment of the Royal yacht “Sirius”.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    Barge Pavilion of Maritime Museum. Part II.

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 8, 2013

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    Santa Cruz
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    Barge Pavilion has this name because it houses the Barges and Galleys built for the Portuguese Royal family. This ample area also displays several original Portuguese fishing boats as well as three seaplanes, including famous Santa Cruz in which Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral completed first transatlantic flight over the South Atlantic.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    • Historical Travel
    • Museum Visits

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    Barge Pavilion of Maritime Museum

    by Oleg_D. Written Nov 8, 2013

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    Barge Pavilion has this name because it houses the Barges and Galleys built for the Portuguese Royal family. This ample area also displays several original Portuguese fishing boats as well as three seaplanes, including famous Santa Cruz in which Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral completed first transatlantic flight over the South Atlantic.
    Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos without flashlight and tripod.
    Open:
    10AM-5PM (Oct.-March),
    10AM-6PM (April-Sept.)
    Closed on Mondays

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    • Historical Travel
    • Museum Visits
    • Arts and Culture

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    Padrão dos Descobrimentos

    by Karlithus Written Sep 3, 2013
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    Dedicated to the Portuguese who led Europe’s Age of Discovery during the 15th and 16th centuries, the Monument to the Discoveries was constructed in 1960 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Henry the Navigator, the first in a long line of explorers to venture into the great unknown. Led by Prince Henry at the helm, the monument also features the likenesses of explorers Magellan, Vasco da Gama and Cabral, kings Manuel I and Alfonso V, poet Camões and several other notable Portuguese historical figures.

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    Torre de Belém

    by Karlithus Written Sep 3, 2013

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    Built in 1515, the Belem Tower was once a fortress that guarded the entrance to Lisbon’s harbor. Countless caravels set sail from this point in hopes of finding new trade routes to Africa, India and the Orient. Also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Torre is the symbol of the Portuguese capital city.

    Visitors can go inside for a price.

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    Mosteiro dos Jerónimos

    by Karlithus Written Sep 3, 2013

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    Arguably the most beautiful and impressive building in all of Lisbon, the Jeronimos Monastery was built by King Manuel I in 1502 to commemorate Vasco Da Gama’s voyage to India. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the building is characterized by elaborate Manuelino details and maritime motifs. Inside the monastery’s entrance are the elaborate tombs of Vasco da Gama and poet Luis de Camões.

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    Torre de Belém

    by ValbyDK Updated Jun 12, 2013

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    Torre de Bel��m
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    Torre de Belém (the Tower of Belém) was erected in 1520 - and original built as a lighthouse and part of the defensive fortress for the city. It is located in the Belém neighbourhood – not far from where the caravels (an old Portuguese sailing ship) once set out across the sea, and today Torre de Belém is considered a monument to Portugal’s Age of Discovery.

    The 4-storey high tower is designed in the beautiful Manueline style, which is a unique combination of Gothic, Renaissance, and Moorish architecture. It contains many maritime elements and representations of discoveries brought home from the many Portuguese sea voyages.

    Inside you can learn more about the tower, and enjoy the halls, ceilings, and open terraces which have a nice view of the Belém area (but IMO the view is better from the Padrão Dos Descobrimentos monument).

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    Maritime Museum in Belem.

    by breughel Written Mar 16, 2013

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    Maritime museum - Fregate model.
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    After a visit to the monument to the Navigators it is logical to visit the Martime Museum - Museu de Marinha located in the north and west wings of the Jeronimos monastery (Belem).
    I visited twice this museum and can say that this is one of the most important European and probably world maritime museums.

    The collection began during the 18th century with models of several ships of the Royal Fleet. The present Maritime museum was inaugurated in 1962.
    Its permanent display comprises about 2.500 items. These include magnificent collections of ship models covering every era from the 15th and 16th-century voyages of discovery to modern super-tankers.
    There are a large number of themed rooms of which the most interesting are:
    -The ship building room recalls the history of the Lisbon Naval Arsenal, with models of shipyards and hulls under construction.
    -The Discoveries room explains a glorious emblematic period of the history of Portugal. This small country provided major contributions to the birth of the modern world by its maritime discoveries.
    -18th Century Room. Portugal, an oceanic power, developed a strategy of building large fleets to ensure its sovereignty at sea.
    -19th and 20th Century Room shows the continuation of the previous maritime strategy and tells the story of the school-ship “Sagres” an itinerant embassy of Portugal.

    Next to the Maritime Power themed rooms, a half dozen rooms display the civilian aspects of the Portuguese fleet.
    -Merchant Marine Room with models of sailing ships as well as liners from the 20th c.
    -Coastal fishing and deep sea fishing were very important for Portugal. Here is kept the history of the “Codfish (bacalhau) Campaigns” in Greenland.
    -A room is dedicated to the River Traffic.
    -From the Pleasure Craft Room, the visitor learns that up to the mid 19th century, pleasure sailing was limited almost exclusively to the royal family.
    -Interesting is the room showing the cabins used by king Carlos and queen Amelia, preserved after the breaking up of the royal yacht “Amelia” in 1938.

    The Museu de Marinha is open:
    From 10 to 17 h (1/10 - 30/04)
    From 10 to 18 h (1/05 - 30/09)
    Closed: Mondays and National Holidays
    Price (2013): 5 €, 6/18 years old, students & over 65 old 2,50 €.
    Lisboa Card 3,0 €
    Free: less than 6 years, Sundays between 10.00 and 14.00 h and 20/05.
    Photos and films allowed without flash or tripod.

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