Comboios de Portugal, CP in short is the National train service in Portugal.
In Lisbon there are the following Urban lines:
-Azumbuja from the Alcântara Mar, Sete Rios, Entrecampos, Roma-Areeiro and Lisboa-Oriente stations
-Cascais from the Cais do Sodré station
-Sintra from the Alverca, Lisboa-Oriente, Roma-Areeiro, Entrecampos and Sete Rios stations
-Sado from the Barreiro station
From Lisbon these are the National lines:
-Alfa Pendular (fast connection) to Braga in the North and Faro in the South served from the Lisboa-Oriente and Lisboa-Santa Apolónia stations
-Intercidades (Intercities) to some inland cities served from the Lisboa-Oriente and Lisboa-Santa Apolónia stations
-Regional to cities throughout Portugal upto the border towns served from the Sete Rios, Entrecampos, Lisboa-Oriente and Lisboa-Santa Apolónia stations
From Lisbon these are the International lines:
-Sud-Expresso to Paris, France from the Lisbon-Santa Apolónia station
-Lusitânia Comboio Hotel to Madrid, Spain from the Lisbon-Santa Apolónia station
Fertagus is a small railway company serving the Roma-Areeira - Setúbal line. This line covers most of the Lisbon area and has stops at the major train stations like Sete-Rios.
Fertagus is the first private rail operator in Portugal and pays REFER for the use of a part of the railway network.
Early Friday morning, May 29, (about 8:00 a.m.) our VT Group headed for the Cascais Train Station, as we were to have the Lisbon tour that day. As we were meeting at Jeronimos Monastery ( 9:30 a.m.), our destination was Belem. And as there was no direct line to Belem, we had to change trains in Oeiras.
It cost 1,70 Euros for the train to Belem. You can buy tickets either in the automatic machine or at the ticket counter.
There are several train stations in Lisbon serving different destinations. For instance, to go to Sintra you need to use Rossio, and for the Algarve, Oriente. I used a third station, Cais do Sodre, for travel to and from Cascais, and the same line also serves Belem if you’d rather travel by train than tram.
You buy a ticket from the machine, and validate it on entering the platform. This ticket will take the form of a card which can be charged with any number of journeys and used interchangeably with other public transport in the city. The card costs an extra 50 cents on top of the cost of the fare, so hang on to it to save paying this amount again in the future. I found the ticket machine a little confusing to use, as a sign on it seemed to indicate that an English language option was available, but there was nothing on the screen to help me to access that. A helpful member of the station staff told me that the non-Portuguese versions were not yet working, despite the sign, and kindly (but very quickly, so that I had no time to follow her actions) punched in the ticket requirements for me.
By the way, do make sure you validate your ticket – there are inspectors on the trains who will check whether you have or not, and you can be charged a fine if you’ve failed to do so. We couldn’t find the machines at Belem (it turned out they were only on the platform for trains to Lisbon, not to Cascais) and we were lucky that the inspector accepted our pleas of tourists’ ignorance.
On boarding the train to Belem, Estoril or Cascais, be sure to sit on the left-hand side (as you face the direction of travel) to get the best of the sea views. The journey time varies according to the number of stops made, but the average to Cascais, which is the end of the line, is about 35 minutes.
You can see a map of all the train routes in the Lisbon area on this website
I left Lisbon by train to Faro at the Algarve.
Since 1999 the Ponte 25 de Abril has been open to trains on its lower level and the railway lines to the South of Portugal now run directly from the Oriente Station.
The Oriente Station is located about 5 km north east of the city centre.
Another important station in Lisbon is Santa Apolonia in the east of the city. It is for international trains and services to northern and central Portugal.
Trains to Belem, Cascais and Estoril leave from the centrally located Cais Sodre Station.
At all stations you can buy your train tickets from either multilingual machines or from staffed counters.
CP, the national train operator, runs all trains in Portugal. For the long distance travels there are "Regular", and "Inter cities" which connect all of Portugal's major cities, and comfortable high-speed "Alfa" services which connect Lisbon with both Porto and Faro.
Lisbon has 2 main train stations with departures to the north, south and Spain: Santa Apolónia, in the city center (Avenida Infante D Henrique), and the gleaming modern Gare do Oriente, a project of Santiago Calatrava, in the east part of the city (at the Parque das Nações), which has become an increasingly important long-distance train station since it was opened for Expo 98. Both are served by different bus lines www.carris.pt and metro lines www.metrolisboa.pt .
Nevertheless, the “central” station is downtown "Rossio" (currently in the process of being revamped), between Praça dos Restauradores and Rossio.
Rossio Train station
Santa Apolónia Train station
Gare do Oriente
Prices (one way)
Porto: 27,5€ / 19,5€ ( 2:35h/3:10h, 18 daily),
Coimbra:20,5€ / 15€ (1:50h/2:05h, 18 daily).
Lagos: 21,5€/20€ (4h/5h, 4 daily).
Madrid: 57,5€ (seat) / 81€ (bed) (10h, every day at 10pm, except 24/12 and 31/12).
Paris: 65€ (seat) / 85 to 175€ (bed) (22h, every day at 4pm, except 24/12 )
There are also 2 major lines which serves the urban areas around Lisbon: Cascais line, departing from Cais do Sodré station (Praça Duque da Terceira) and Sintra line departing either from Rossio, Entrecampos or Sete Rios. All these stations are served with different bus lines www.carris.pt and metro lines www.metrolisboa.pt.
Useful words: >correspondência (transfer between lines), >saída (exit to the street).
Prices Lisbon-Cascais or Lisbon-Sintra
one way 1,70€; 10 tickets pack 15,30€, 5 days ticket 13,60€
operates from 5:30am until 2am, every 20 min during the day and every 15 min at "rush" hours, from 9:30pm until 2am every 30 min.
There is a special train departing from Cais do Sodré to Cascais, and from Rossio to Sintra (stops all stations) at 4:30am on Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays (nice news for the people staying longer on Docas and Bairro Alto)
The Barreiro station, on the south bank of the River Tagus, serves the south, though in recent years direct high-speed trains to Faro have made this longer journey less appealing.
one way 26€ / 18€ ( 3:15h/4:00h, 5 daily)
Setúbal line is served with a private line Fertagus and departs from Roma, Entrecampos, Sete Rios or Campolide. Pragal is the first station after the river and serves the statue of the Christ next to the 25 Abril bridge.
Prices Lisbon-Pragal one way 1,70€;
Prices Lisbon-Setúbal one way 4,05€;
operates 1 per hour during the day and 2 per hour at "rush" hours
Tickets must be purchased either at the desk or at the machines and validated before enter.
There are three ways to go from Porto to Lisbon: train, bus and flying.
From Lisbon Santa Apolónia (subway blue line), Oriente (subway red line, the place where more trains stop) or Entrecampos (subway yellow line) to Campanhã (access to subway, http://www.metrodoporto.pt/). Information of the Lisbon subway can be seen in http://www.metrolisboa.pt/.
The schedules of the trains are in:
One way ticket for Alfa Pendular (2h35) cost 27,50€, for Intercidades (3h00) 19,50€, Regional is cheaper but takes almost 5hours.
Tickets for intercidades and Alfa Pendular can be purchased online with 30 days in advance in www.cp.pt.
Intercidades and Alfa Pendular are quite confortable.
Rede expressos (www.rede-expressos.pt) has more than 20 daily connections with Porto. Buses are confortable and a return trip costs 31,50€. The buses depart from Sete Rios Station (Jardim Zoológico subway station) and reach Porto to Batalha Station. Batalha is in the city center and close to many hotels, but you have to walk 10 minutes to get to the nearby subway station (São bento, http://www.metrodoporto.pt/). You can also pick a bus (www.stcp.pt).
TAP (www.tap.pt) has many flights throughout the day to Porto. They take 55 minutes and the price starts at 141€ the return flight. To Lisbon Airport you can arrive by taking a normal bus (5,22,44,83,208 - night bus and 745) or Aerobus (see www.carris.pt). The works for the airport subway station will start soon. Porto Airport is connected with the city by subway (http://www.metrodoporto.pt/).
To calculate your itinerariums within the cities you can use:
I've just come from Lisbon (Nov 2008) and while there I did a day trip to Sintra.
The train goes from Rossio train station, tickets are super easy to buy from a machine (they are located at the top of the escalators just before going up the stairs to the train platfrom) and the cost is 1.70 Euro one way. It takes 40 minutes.
Easiest way to find the train platform is get the metro to Restauradores station on the blue line and follow the signs for "trains".
The ticket machines do take notes as well as coins but I couln't get the notes slot to work so it's easier just to have a couple of Euro in coins.
There are inspectors on the trains so get a ticket, they will fine you otherwise.
Overnight trains travel from Paris and Madrid to Lisbon and arrive at Estacao da Santa Apolonia which is the major terminal in Lisbon. It takes around 10 hrs to travel from Madrid. There are also high speed services connecting Porto and Faro to Lisbon. There are trains also to Sintra running at around 4 per hour from Rossio Station. Trains also to Cascais and Estoril which takes just over half and hour.
This was my second trip to Lisbon so I decided to go to Cascais for half a day. I went Wednesday morning when they have a large open air market. It's only 30 minutes on the train from Lisbon and costs 1.65 Euro one way.
The trains leave from Cais do Sodre station, which is above the metro station of the same name.
If arriving on the metro just follow the train signs. The tickets are easy to buy from the machines which are on the platfroms. English is the third button down from a selection of languages. After pressing that it gives you a map of the network but just press the Cascais button which is under the screen. It then asks for the money, you can pay with coins or notes, the machine gives change. The machine I used asked for a confirmation that I wanted the Cascais ticket so just press the OK button on the right of the screen. It then prints your ticket and gives you change if app.
In Cascais on the way back the machine was the same (they also a have a ticket office in the entrance hall of the station where the machines are) but it didn't ask for a confirmation, it printed the ticket automatically.
Check from the information matrix signs which platfrom the train is going from. Make sure it says "Cascais" as not all of the trains go all the way there. Cascais is end of the line. If you happen to get the wrong train and get only as far as Estoril (the second last village before Cascais) simply get off and walk along the beach, it's only about 15 minute walk and the scenery is very nice.
On the way to Cascais sit on the left hand side of the train if possible for best views. The track is virtually on the beach at some points of the trip. The trains are clean and modern.
Do buy a ticket as there are many inspectors on the train and they will give you fine if you haven't bought a ticket. A girl sitting next to us tried to blag her way by saying she didn't have time to buy a ticket at the station and she got a fine. Local kids tried to ride train for free as well and soon as they saw the inspectors they decided to stay in Cascais.
Lisbon has four major train stations. Santa Apolonia (21 888 4025) is for international service and for northern and central Portugal.
Barreiro is located across the river and services Setubal and all of southern Portugal. You can catch a ferry from the pier at Terreiro do Paco where you'll buy a combination ticket for the ferry ride and your onward train ticket.
Rossio (pictured here) is the station for the Estremadura region as well as Sintra (only 2.50 Euros roundtrip).
Cais do Sodre takes you to Cascais and Estoril.
***UPDATE*** Rossio is closed for renovations due to structural problems in the tunnel leading from the station. It is scheduled to reopen soon. Check the web for updates.
The CP (railway company) has a national network of lines that cover practically the whole of Portugal. The five major lines take you to Sintra, Azambuja, Cascais, Sado, and Porto/Aveiro. The tickets can be purchased at the ticket office of the respective boarding stations and at the automatic ticketing machines. It is important that you do not attempt to travel without a ticket, otherwise you may have to pay a hefty fine.
Santa Apolónia Station is Lisbon’s main departure point for international destinations and central/northern Portugal. Trains from Rossio station run to Sintra, while Cascais and Estoril can be reached from Cais do Sodré.
The picturesque Costa Azul (Blue Coast) region is accessible by train via Barreiro station on the south side of the River Tagus. This means you would have to take a boat across the river first.
Fertagus, a private rail operator, makes the connection between both sides of the Tagus river, crossing the 25 April suspension bridge on route.
There are several ways to get to Belem from the city center (Cais do Sodre). The fastest way (about 10 min) is probably taking a train. It costs 1.10 and stops near the tourist sites in Belem. Watch out though, becuase not every train stops there.
Another way is by taking the city bus. It takes about 25 min (depending on traffic). It stops directly in front of the Monestary.
A third option is to take a tram. It takes about 20 min (depending on traffic) and also stops directly in front of the Monestary.
Trains from Porto, Coimbra and other northern destinations arrive in Santo Apolonia, in the east of the city, along the waterfront. From the station it's a 15 minute walk to Praca da Comercio in the Baixa, the heart of the city. You could also walk in via the historic neighbourhood of Alfama, which is north-west of the station. There are also plenty of buses between the station and the city centre. The Lisbon metro was supposed to be extended to Santa Apolonio in 2005 but it still hadn't been completed in October 2006.
Lisbon has two main stations, Oriente and Santa Apolonia, that deal with long distance and international trains. The central Santa Apolonia station is the busiest of the two, but the Oriente station is dealing with an increasing number of routes too, and is often a stop for trains exiting Santa Apolonia. Despite its distance from the city centre, the Oriente station is worth a visit because of its proximity to the Parque das Nacoes (Expo 98). It's a beautiful piece of architecture in its own right, and clearly visible when you land at Lisbon's airport. The station itself is also much cleaner, more relaxed, more spacious and feels safer than the central station.
There are also a couple of other stations that deal with local trains to places like Sintra. These tend to be the most central of all.