See S. Filipe forteress.
In 1540, as a direct result of a direct attack of north African and French pirates, the inefficiency of maritime defence in Setubal was made very clear. In 1549, King D. João III (1521- 1557), was convinced of the need to defend entry-points to the ports and possible disembarkation pointsand beggan this new work.
These policies were continued until 1572 when the project of restructuring and extending of the Outão fortress in the Sado river, Setúbal was concluded. The architectural innovations included the construction of a bulwark and a terrace where cannons could be installed. In 1582, Filipe II, visited Setúbal and requested that Filipe Terzi constructed a new fortress (S. Filipe) in order to reinforce the defence of the port of Setúbal. This fortified fortress in star formation was built on a hillock above the city, back from the river which leads us to believe that as well as having been built for maritime defence, the function was also to assure control over the city, hostile to Castillian domain.
Pirates exist, paid by occidental smart countries since...
I don't even know....... :(
So... if You have an attack in Your city, even if it is a big one... think if those You don't suspect may be the responsible... if they have something to win… just think… who have what to win with that???
And in what the evident responsible have to loose...
Convento de Jesus, or Igreja de Jesus, is located northwest of the central area of Setúbal. It is the very first structure built in 1491 by Diogo Boitac, who later built the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos in Lisbon. While the outside is in need of maintanance, its inside is known to have great Manueline embellishments such as various kinds of decorations on the ceiling and altars. There is an old pillory in front of the convent building.
The port of Setúbal is very industrialized. It lacks the charm that most tourists may look for, but that is what I found so appealing about it. There were not really any souvenier shops, beach side strolls, or cafés to chat at. Instead, there were fishermen covered in various fish guts, others scrubbing blood off their boats, transporters carrying the sales, and women preparing food for dinner.
Stroll along the waterfront to see people going about their everyday work and to see some brightly colored boats.
Yes, you read correctly. That is Filipe, not Felipe (like the portuguese spelling)...The 16th century fort was named the Italian that engineered it.
This massive fort sits on one of the hills overlooking Setúbal, and it is visible from almost anywhere in the city. After a huffing and puffing 20 minute climb up the steep roads leading to the fort, you will encounter awe inspiring views of Setúbal Bay and the beaches of Troía, across the bay. There is a nice, yet expensive, restaurant at the fort, where you can relax and enjoy the views.
The Romans named it Promontorium Barbaricum, alluding to its dangerous location, and a lighthouse warns sailors of the treacherous rocks below. In this desolate setting stands the Santuário de Nossa Senhora do Cabo, a late 17th-century church, on either side of the church a long line of pilgrims' lodgings facing inwards form an open courtyard.
These site become a popular place of pilgrimage in the 13th-century when a local man had a vision of the Madonna rising from the sea on a mule. Legend has it that the tracks of the mule can be seen embedded in the rocks. The large footprints, on Praia dos Lagosteiros below the church are actually believed to be fossilized dinosaur tracks.
Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage (1765-1805) was born in Setúbal, the son of a lawyer and a French woman. He attended the Royal Naval Academy when he was 14 years old and deployed to serve in India in 1786. He lived for 2 years in Goa, returning to Lisbon at age 25. From that point on, he lived an unruly life in cheap bars and literary groups. He belonged to the Nova Arcadia where he was known by his pseudonym Elmano Sadino. His relations with the Arcádia were not peaceful, having, on going away, launching bruising attacks in this poetry. His tendency to satire sent him to Limoeiro Prison, getting transferred to the São Bento monastery were he died sick and poor. His works had various editions in the poet's lifetime: Rimas, tomo I (1791), Rimas, tomo II (1799) and Rimas, tomo III (1804). In 1811 "Obras Completas no Rio de Janeiro" was published. His "Sonetos" remained famous, his Epigrams and Apólogos Outras páginas.
Setúbal: One of the 18 capitals of districts... I live in this district, although the place I live it's near Lisbon (about 20km).
Please check my travelogue to see some more pictures about Setúbal.
Setúbal is known for it's km of beaches, almost all ocean coast have beaches... When the good weather arrive almost everyone in Lisbon try to cross the river to get some good tan at one of this beaches.
In my travelogue I have pictures from some of this beaches.
When we visited Cabo (cape) Espichel it was raining, that's why the picures aren't too good. We also found that Cabo Espichel is too much abandoned.
Please check my travelogue with more pictures.
See Santiago do Outão.
The tower or look-out point dates from 1390.
In 1580, the Fortress of Outão joined with D. António Prior do Crato on the side of Setúbal. A garrison of 100 men with 47 cannons held out against the Duke of Alba's army between the 22 and 24 July.
In 1640 the garrison maintained loyal to the King of Spain until 8 December.
In accordance with the new defence strategy for the estuary, King D. João IV ordered
reinforcements built on the existing strongholds.
On 4 August 1644, the king warned the governor of the fortress to conclude the repairs as quickly as possible, (these were concluded in 1657).
In the XIX century, the fortress was transformed into a prison and then, as the holiday residence of King D. Carlos and his wife Queen Amélia (1889-1908).
In 1900 it was converted into an orthopedic hospital, and it is still so to this day.
You must taste the Moscatel Wine...
The Moscatel Roxo de 20 Anos, de José Maria da Fonseca, for example...
Grape Varieties: Moscatel Roxo
Color: Amber with greenish tints
Aroma: Caramel, orange and spicy herbs
Palate: Round, fruity and very soft
Aftertaste: Very long
Vinification: Fermentation is stopped by the
addition of brandy, and has a maceration of 5
Ageing: In old casks to increase natural
oxidation. No bottle ageing is required due to its
Date of Bottling: Bottled upon request
Shelf Life: Several years
Total Acidity: 5.7 gr/L tartaric acid
Land of vineyards and wine cellars, manor houses, handicraft and gastronomy (cheeses, the tortas de azeitão delicious sweets, and others). Is a place to stop and endulge.
One of the most beautiful in the country, a green mountain filled with mysteries and lovely charming beaches.