Lindoso, nature and architecture
Lindoso is a nice town, worth seeing among other reasons, its architectural heritage. The highlight is his castle rebuilt by D. Diniz , in 1278 and partially modified during the War of the Restoration. But most of his work remains medieval .
From the castle we have a beautiful view on which is the other jewel of Lindoso , which is the Praça dos espigueiros , m ore than fifty espigueiros (barns) on a granite rock platform.
Another example of architectural heritage is the church, Romanesque, but later reformed. There is also a cruise between the church and the square of espigueiros, without forgetting the traditional houses of the region.
Besides the architectural heritage, has an interesting natural heritage, among which we highlight the valley slopes Lima river , the mountains and the reservoir Lindoso-Cabril Alto , amid an environment of incomparable beauty.
Undoubtedly, an area that is worth seeing, for its heritage and the contact with nature and the simplicity of its people.
A land that is ideal for a weekend or a week to spend a few days visiting other parts of the National Park and the Serra da Peneda-Geres , and even historical sights such as Ponte da Barca , Ponte de Lima , Arcos de valdevez and neighboring lands of Galicia .
- Castles and Palaces
Like the hórreo's in Galicia, espigueiros (little granaries) dot the country-side of Northern Portugal. The largest concentration of them all can be seen in Lindoso. About 60 are built behind the castle. It looks very much like a cemetery, because all the espigueiros have crosses on top. Some of them are quite old, dating from the 18th century.
- Arts and Culture
- National/State Park
Across northern region of Portugal (and also Galicia in Spain) you will find these construction called “espigueiro”. I don’t know the name for these in English. These constructions usually are situated near families’ houses and are used to store cereals or other food supplies.
They are made of stone (I think usually granite), they have a rectangular shape and they are situated on top of 4 pillars - these pillars prevent floods and animals from damaging or eating the stored food. The cross on top is meant to protect whatever is stored inside.
In Lindoso, by the castle, you will find a complex of about 150 of these espigueiros. It is the biggest “concentration” of espigueiros in Portugal.
Walking around the castle’s walls will provide you with magnificent views. On one side of the castle you may enjoy the village, the vineyards and the fields with the mountains as a background and on the opposite side of the castle, River Lima and the mountains again, but so much nearer. In fact, these views are simply breathtaking, even on rainy days as this one we visited.
I don’t know the English name for this area of the castle, we call them guarida in Portuguese. It is a place where sentinels performed their duties and are usually situated on the corners of the castle overlooking strategic points.
They are so small!! I could hardly fit inside and I am not too big, … it is also a fact that a few centuries ago Portuguese people were smaller than nowadays, but anyway that place didn’t look comfortable at all; probably a good technique to keep sentinels awake and aware.
After visiting the rooms where are the exhibits, you may go outside through a small green door that will lead you into the castle’s walls. From there, there are stairs to go down into the castle’s inner court. It is a grassy area (nowadays, that is), where apparently soldiers spent their time taking care of weapons and doing their military duties when they were not fighting or performing their defending functions such as observing the nearby mountains and valleys.
One other important thing that this court has is a well and that is still noticeable today. There are several small houses that I assumed worked as warehouses both for the military equipment and their food supplies. On the scale model of the castle that is situated inside the rooms, there may also be seen some animals such as horses.
As you enter the castle’s main tower (where you buy your ticket) you go up some steep stairs and once on the upper floor you may visit the rooms where are displayed the Military artifacts. Among those pieces there are even references about Napolean’s wars. Somewhat interesting to observe the weapons and war artifacts and techniques that developed along the centuries, but what I found more interesting where undoubtedly the uniforms of the soldiers.