Valença Things to Do

  • Things to Do
    by Oleg_D.
  • Things to Do
    by Oleg_D.
  • Things to Do
    by Oleg_D.

Most Recent Things to Do in Valença

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    The Fortaleza Fortress. Behind the walls.

    by Oleg_D. Written Aug 20, 2013
    4 more images

    The huge Portuguese fortress Fortaleza stands guard over the River Minho. First fortifications here were known from XII and XIII centuries. The fortress in its present condition was build during the War of the Restoration of Portuguese Independence 1640-1668. Its purpose was to defend restored Kingdom of Portugal from possible Spanish invasion. Fortress was entirely remodeled and built by French architect Michele de l'Ecole in the best traditions of French fortification according to the ideas of Great Genius of fortification Marshal Sebastien Vauban. Thus, the walls were rebuilt to embrace the extended perimeter of the village and new structures, bastions including Santa Ana, Saint Jerome and Santa Barbara and half bastions including San José and San Antonio were erected.
    Already with the first works in progress Fortaleza resisted the Spanish invasion early in 1643. Still unfinished it fell into Spanish hands in 1654. It was reconquered soon by Portuguese troops under the command of the Count of Castelo Melhor. The construction works continued in 1661 to be fully completed only in 1713, when its last architect, Manuel Pinto Vilalobos officially announced construction as completed. At the end of the eighteenth century the walls of the fortress were reinforced.

    During the Peninsular War 1808-1814 the fortress was captured by the Napoleonic troops under Marshal Nicholas Soult in 1809 because there were no enough manpower and supplies inside. Marshal Soult ordered the demolition of Puerta Del Sol and his order was executed.

    During the Liberal Wars or Civil War in Portugal, Fortress was held by the absolutists or supporters of King Miguel from 1828. Liberals or partisans of King Pedro recovered Fortaleza only in 1830.

    To my mind this fortress is one of the biggest and most powerful European fortresses.

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    The Fortaleza Fortress. Views from bastions

    by Oleg_D. Written Aug 20, 2013
    Tui at the spanish bank of the river!
    4 more images

    The huge Portuguese fortress Fortaleza stands guard over the River Minho. First fortifications here were known from XII and XIII centuries. The fortress in its present condition was build during the War of the Restoration of Portuguese Independence 1640-1668. Its purpose was to defend restored Kingdom of Portugal from possible Spanish invasion. Fortress was entirely remodeled and built by French architect Michele de l'Ecole in the best traditions of French fortification according to the ideas of Great Genius of fortification Marshal Sebastien Vauban. Thus, the walls were rebuilt to embrace the extended perimeter of the village and new structures, bastions including Santa Ana, Saint Jerome and Santa Barbara and half bastions including San José and San Antonio were erected.
    Already with the first works in progress Fortaleza resisted the Spanish invasion early in 1643. Still unfinished it fell into Spanish hands in 1654. It was reconquered soon by Portuguese troops under the command of the Count of Castelo Melhor. The construction works continued in 1661 to be fully completed only in 1713, when its last architect, Manuel Pinto Vilalobos officially announced construction as completed. At the end of the eighteenth century the walls of the fortress were reinforced.

    During the Peninsular War 1808-1814 the fortress was captured by the Napoleonic troops under Marshal Nicholas Soult in 1809 because there were no enough manpower and supplies inside. Marshal Soult ordered the demolition of Puerta Del Sol and his order was executed.

    During the Liberal Wars or Civil War in Portugal, Fortress was held by the absolutists or supporters of King Miguel from 1828. Liberals or partisans of King Pedro recovered Fortaleza only in 1830.

    To my mind this fortress is one of the biggest and most powerful European fortresses.

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    • Castles and Palaces

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    The Fortaleza Fortress. Bastions.

    by Oleg_D. Written Aug 20, 2013

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    4 more images

    The huge Portuguese fortress Fortaleza stands guard over the River Minho. First fortifications here were known from XII and XIII centuries. The fortress in its present condition was build during the War of the Restoration of Portuguese Independence 1640-1668. Its purpose was to defend restored Kingdom of Portugal from possible Spanish invasion. Fortress was entirely remodeled and built by French architect Michele de l'Ecole in the best traditions of French fortification according to the ideas of Great Genius of fortification Marshal Sebastien Vauban. Thus, the walls were rebuilt to embrace the extended perimeter of the village and new structures, bastions including Santa Ana, Saint Jerome and Santa Barbara and half bastions including San José and San Antonio were erected.
    Already with the first works in progress Fortaleza resisted the Spanish invasion early in 1643. Still unfinished it fell into Spanish hands in 1654. It was reconquered soon by Portuguese troops under the command of the Count of Castelo Melhor. The construction works continued in 1661 to be fully completed only in 1713, when its last architect, Manuel Pinto Vilalobos officially announced construction as completed. At the end of the eighteenth century the walls of the fortress were reinforced.

    During the Peninsular War 1808-1814 the fortress was captured by the Napoleonic troops under Marshal Nicholas Soult in 1809 because there were no enough manpower and supplies inside. Marshal Soult ordered the demolition of Puerta Del Sol and his order was executed.

    During the Liberal Wars or Civil War in Portugal, Fortress was held by the absolutists or supporters of King Miguel from 1828. Liberals or partisans of King Pedro recovered Fortaleza only in 1830.

    To my mind this fortress is one of the biggest and most powerful European fortresses.

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    The Fortaleza Fortress. Valenca do Minho

    by Oleg_D. Written Aug 20, 2013
    4 more images

    The huge Portuguese fortress Fortaleza stands guard over the River Minho. First fortifications here were known from XII and XIII centuries. The fortress in its present condition was build during the War of the Restoration of Portuguese Independence 1640-1668. Its purpose was to defend restored Kingdom of Portugal from possible Spanish invasion. Fortress was entirely remodeled and built by French architect Michele de l'Ecole in the best traditions of French fortification according to the ideas of Great Genius of fortification Marshal Sebastien Vauban. Thus, the walls were rebuilt to embrace the extended perimeter of the village and new structures, bastions including Santa Ana, Saint Jerome and Santa Barbara and half bastions including San José and San Antonio were erected.
    Already with the first works in progress Fortaleza resisted the Spanish invasion early in 1643. Still unfinished it fell into Spanish hands in 1654. It was reconquered soon by Portuguese troops under the command of the Count of Castelo Melhor. The construction works continued in 1661 to be fully completed only in 1713, when its last architect, Manuel Pinto Vilalobos officially announced construction as completed. At the end of the eighteenth century the walls of the fortress were reinforced.

    During the Peninsular War 1808-1814 the fortress was captured by the Napoleonic troops under Marshal Nicholas Soult in 1809 because there were no enough manpower and supplies inside. Marshal Soult ordered the demolition of Puerta Del Sol and his order was executed.

    During the Liberal Wars or Civil War in Portugal, Fortress was held by the absolutists or supporters of King Miguel from 1828. Liberals or partisans of King Pedro recovered Fortaleza only in 1830.

    To my mind this fortress is one of the biggest and most powerful European fortresses.

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    • Castles and Palaces
    • Historical Travel

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    Old International Bridge

    by bambino36 Updated Sep 30, 2004

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    Old International Bridge, Valen��a

    In 1879 Portugal and Spain agreed to construct this bi-functional (road and train) bridge. The bridge was built inspired in Eiffel works.
    The best thing to do is to cross the bridge by walking while admiring the river and the sights around.

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    The Fortress

    by bambino36 Updated Sep 30, 2004

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    Porta do Sol, Valen��a

    Valença fortress is a piece of gothic and baroque military architecture. The first walls were built in the 13th century. The fortress was upgraded during the 17th and 18th century forming the actual bulwarked system.
    It is placed on top of two small hills and it's formed by two polygons (the Recinto Magistral and the Coroada) separated by a ditch and with four doors (Coroada, Gaviarra, Fonte da Vila and Sol).
    The best place to start the visit is entering the Porta do Sol (Sun's door). This door was damaged during the napoleonic invasions.

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    Roman Milestone

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Roman Milestone, Valen��a

    This milestone dates back from the 1st century AD. It has the following inscription: TIBERIUS CLAUDIUS CAESER AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS PONTIFEX MAXIMUS. IMPERATOR V CONSUL III, TRIBUNICIA POTESTATE III. PATER PATRIAE BRACARA XLII.
    It marks 42 miles distance on the road from Braga to Tui and the Emperor Claudius ordered it's construction when the "Via IV of Antonino" was reconstructed.

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    Monte Faro

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Monte Faro park, Valen��a

    Besides the breath-taking views, there's a small park where the tree shadows are really helpfull to relax on a hot day

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    Monte Faro

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Panoramic view from Monte Faro, Valen��a

    This mountain has a favored location. From the top it it's possible to admire the Minho river valley til the sea (if the weather helps) and to Galicia.

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    Capela do Bom Jesus

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Capela do Bom Jesus, Valen��a

    Baroque and neo-classic style, this chapel was built in the 17th century. Inside the decoration is mainly neo-classic style

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    Statue of São Teotónio

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Statue of S��o Teot��nio, Valen��a

    São Teotónio was the first portuguese Saint, born near Valença in Ganfei, was the confessor of King D. Afonso Henriques. He was also in a cruzade in Palestine fighting the moors.

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    Paiol do Açougue

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Paiol do A��ougue, Valen��a

    it was built during the 18th century and had several different uses from military barracks, refugee, wardstore and ammunition store.

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    Cannons

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Cannon, Valen��a

    Near the north wall it's possible to find several old cannons very well maintained and still pointing to the river and Spain reminding us their old function

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    Igreja de Santo Estevão

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Igreja de Santo Estev��o, Valen��a

    This romanic church was built in the 13th century and had a neo-classic reconstruction during the 18th century.
    Inside can be seen several panels representing scenes of the life of Saint Estevão.

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    Praça da República

    by bambino36 Written Sep 30, 2004

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    Pra��a da Rep��blica, Valen��a

    After entering the fortress through Porta do Sol and turning right on the Rua C Lopes da Silva we arrive to the main square where the Town Hall is located and several narrow streets join.

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