Close to the city's main square there's a very harmonious church, enhanced by its location atop a staircase, built in the 18th century, by a disciple of Nasoni. It has also a nice interior, with a small museum.
Dominated by Carmo church, this wide and irregular square is composed by several other interesting elements :
- A pillory from 1563
- The fountain of Sainte Cristhine
- A remain of the old walls
- The "Conciliar" seminary
- The yellow house
This church, inaugurated in 1738 was the result of divergences among Franciscan monks, leading to a new order - Carmo. It is a very nice church, with a rich interior - gilded altars, painted ceilings and Rococo tiles are the highlights.
Almost as old as Portugal, this cathedral suffered many modifications, since the initial construction, in the 12th century, under our first king - Afonso Henriques. The initial Gothic is still present, together with the sucessive adding covering the evolution of styles - Manueline, Renaissance and Baroque.
Vasco Fernandes, who lived in the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th, and supposedly born in Viseu, is one of the top Portuguese painters of his epoch. His masterpiece is a portrait of St Peter, famous for its symmetric conception.
No surprise that the main museum in town, close to the cathedral, and showing his work and more, took his name - Grão means... great.
For some reason we don't have a picture of this. I think it was because the light was fading and we were a bit tired after the Grao Vasco Museum. Nice to look at, the Ingreja has a Baroque facade while the Se has a more Romanesque look. Interesting to look at in the same square.
A very worthwhile museum! It isn't very large, but quite charming in a small town. Open Wed through Sun 10-6pm and Tues 2-6. It features works of 'The Great Vasco', Vasco Fernandes whose paintings originally adorned the cathedral in the town. The style is referred to as Portuguese Primitives, based on the influence of Flemish painters. The paintings are quite beautiful. There is more than just paintings (including jewelry, sculptures etc..) all from different time periods. There is a cafe that we didn't go to as we were going to dinner soon. They were shutting down and cleaning up, but the woman cheerily informed us that we could grab a cup of coffee and snack if we wanted to before she closed up.
3 euros to get in. I think its free on Sunday before 2 PM.
I was looking for what the Rough Guide wrote as the jumble of alleys behind the cathedral still untouched by thebeautifications of the buildings around the approach to the old town from the Prac de Republica (Rossio) saying that suddenly you come acros sixteenth centurey stone mansions .
I only got as far as a lovely leafy street of huge but striking mansions near the grounds around the Municipal Stadium near the youth hostel where i stayed, and some old buildings near the river with the old town giving a good background on the hill behind them.
A majestosa Igreja da Misericórdia, estilo " Rocaille ", cuja actual construção remonta as séc. XVII. A horizontalidade da fachada é apenas quebrada pelas duas torres sineiras.
No interior, um arco cruzeiro separa a nave da capela-mor. Possui três retábulos, um principal e dois laterais, estilo Neoclássico, pintadosa branco e dourado. É notória a sua ligação aos elementos arquitectónicos, o predomínio das linhas direitas e a sobriedade decorativa. No trono do retábulo-mor repousa a imagem de Nossa Senhora da Misericórdia, que protege um par de pobres ajoelhados a seus pés, obra do séc. XVIII. Na nave, ainda se encontra a banqueta do orgão Barroco, recentemente perdido vítima de um incêndio.
A Igreja da Venerável Ordem Terceira de S. Francisco ergue-se no alto da escadaria granítica com imponência. É uma construção do séc. XVIII, estilo Barroco. Possui um bonito portal, em cujo centro se encontra a emblemática da Ordem.
No interior possui seis retábulos, todos da mesma gramática estilistica: o Rococó. São de madeira pintada simulando materiais nobres, como o mármore, sendo a ornamentação em dourado.
Obras de grande primor e apuramento técnico, que não se afastam dos modelos eruditos produzidos nos principais centros artísticos do país. O colorido dos retábulos e púlpitos em " Lapis-lazúli " combina-se de forma harmoniosa com o azul dos azulejos. Do mesmo figurino Barroco é o orgão que se encontra no coro, obra dos finais do séc. XVIII.
"Antiqua et Nobilissima", Viseu é uma cidade milenar, onde habitaram homens da pré-história, celtas e lusitanos, romanos, suevos, godos e muçulmanos.
Destes povos, destacam-se os Lusitanos, e Viriato, o pastor/guerreiro, símbolo da resistência à ocupação romana.
Foram os romanos que edificaram a Cava do Viriato, uma cerca fortificada octogonal, com 2000 m de perímetro.
The center of the majority of the cities in Portugal is the Rossio, officially the Square of the Republic. In Viseu, this is and was, during centuries, the "hall of visits" of the city. The first references to the Rossio date of century XVI. Since the centuries XVIII and XIX, Rossio was changedded into the "Public Stroll" of the Viseu society. However, the Rossio is not only this central space, in which still today people go for a walk in the shade of the tilias. It forms a great architecture with all involving constructions.
In The XVIIIth century the responsible of the Cathedral had surrendered to the exuberance of the Baroque Joanino and had ordered new carved gilden front for the Main Chapel, workmanship of Francisco Machado. This still is enriched by splendid chairs of black-wood color and golden chestnut, scratched out by Gapsapr Ferreira, also in baroque style. In the central ship two twin pulpits are risen.
The architectural base of the Cathedral retraces to centuries XIII-XIV, in Romanic-Gothic style, crawling itself construction per some centuries. The current facade, came to substitute the previous, manueline one, that was victim of weather in 1635. In maneirista style, it was built according to traced of architect of Salamanca, Joao Moreno. It is divided in three bodies, whose niches lodge the statues of the four evangelists (laterally); the patron of the Cathedral, S. Teotonio and of Our Lady of Mercy(to the center). It fits a vestibule of abated arc, that gives access to the interior of the building.
This small square in the centre of the city is a small gardened area, dominated by a discreet but beautiful statue by José de Oliveira Ferreira, dedicated to all mothers.