The Garden was opened in 1986, and features plants that are endemic to the Azores. There are sections for endangered species and medicinal plants also. It would be a very pleasant place on a sunny day. (
Unfortunately, it began raining buckets just after we arrived, so I didn't see much of it and have no pictures.)
This Whaling Factory opened in 1943, and operated until 1974. During its 30 years, the Factory processed 1,940 whales, and produced 44,000 barrels of whale oil. The Regional Government restored the facility and opened it as a museum in 2000.
The whales were winched up a ramp and dismembered, and everything was processed. The most valuable product was the sperm whale oil, which was extracted from the head, blubber and even the bones. The meat was cooked, dried and ground. Meat meal and bone meal were used for fertilizers and food additives for cattle. The blood from dismembering the whale went into a collection tank and also became meal. They could do 1 or 2 whales per day, and it took 8 hours to process blubber into oil. A 45 ft. whale produced 150 barrels of oil. They averaged 70 whales per year, most of them caught in the warmer months.
Peter’s Café is a dark, crowded bar with ship’s flags from all over the world on the wall. It is also a local institution, and the place to go in Horta. The attraction for visitors, aside from the beer, is the scrimshaw museum upstairs.
The Scrimshaw museum is an extensive private collection, divided by the subject matter of the carvings. Only 15 people can go up at one time
There is whale mosaic on the sidewalk outside their door.
Capelinhos, an underwater volcano near the coast, erupted in 1957-58, and it added 2 sq. kilometers of land (rock and ash) to the island. The lighthouse is no longer at the water’s edge, and the lower part of it is buried. A fishing village was destroyed by the eruptions, and the tops of structures stick out here and there through the ash. All the people got out safely.
The area is now a National Forest Preserve. The government has built an excellent Interpretive Center at Capelinhos, which is mostly underground so it doesn’t intrude on the landscape, and it is well worth a visit. Displays include information on Azores lighthouses and Faial’s history as well as volcanoes.
In this garden, the plants are distributed in different zones where they have been grouped by their similarities of habitat.
Besides the visitor centre, there is also a vast collection of aromatic and medicinal plants to be discovered by the visitor.
In the late '50s and early '60s, Faial experienced a significant volcanic eruption, centred around the left-hand end of the island by a lighthouse called Capelinhos. And now, there's a thundering great chunk of extra land where there used to be sea (see picture).
The eruption had a dramatic effect on the island, destroying houses, destroying the livelihoods of what was a basically farming community, and thus caused a significant emigration.
Mount overlooking the town of Horta. It is a protected natural reserve and offers nice views over Horta.
Enormous crater (about 2 km in diameter) surrounded by lush vegetation. It is classified as a natural reserve.
One of Faial's main tourist attractions. It's where the volcanic eruption of 1957/58 took place. There are some remains of the houses and an old lighthouse.