Church on Cipur
Small church near big Monastery of Cetinje (and part of same religious complex) have a big importance. It was build on remaining of Monastery of Crnojevic dynasty, destroying in 17th century. Name church of Cipur (Serbian Cyrillic: Црква на Ћипуру, read: Crkva na Ćipuru) was taken because of name of this area.
It is a single church that was made in Gothic-Renaissance style. It have a hexagon dome and sculptures on the portal. Endowed track carved around the window. In the church is today tombs of memebers of royal dynasty Crnojevici. You can find a the tomb of Ivan Crnojevic, famous master of medieval state Zeta and founder of Cetinje. At the entrance, along the southern and northern wall, erected in marble tombs that were in 1989. was transferred from the Russian church in San Remo resting remains of King Nikola and Queen Milena.
This church today have a status of cultural heritage and as monument of great significant now is part of Museum, not Monastery.
- Historical Travel
- Museum Visits
- Religious Travel
Cetinje monastery is very important religious and historical center of Montenegro.
The Monastery was dedicated to the Nativity of Virgin Mary (Holly Mary).
This famous temple was built by John Crnojević 1484. In that period Monastery was became the seat of the Bishopric of Zeta. After the 1493rd Bishop of the bishopric were called "the Montenegrin seaside."
The monastery was demolished 1692nd by the Turks, and restored him to Bishop Daniel, the place near the original location. On this occasion the new monastery was built from old stones, and transferred to the plate with the crest Crnojević and dedication of John Crnojević. Before the 1714th the monastery was burned down and rebuilt it around the 1743rd by Montenegrin Metropolitan Sava Ivanović Njegoš. Over time he built, and its current appearance dates from 1927. year.
Cetinje monastery was first mentioned in the work of Marijan Bolić, "Description of Sandzak Skadar" from the 1614th , where Bolić observes that "Signor Prince Ivan Crnojević built a small but beautiful Monastery."
The monastery owns the relics of priceless value. First of all, in church was a preserve a relics of St. Petar of Cetinje (Petar Petrović Njegoš) and in the his grave is small box that contain the hand of St. John the Baptist. Here is also and particles of the Holy Cross.
In museum is epitrahelj Saint Sava (part of vestment of Orthodox priests and bishops under the felon, that under rice; long as wide, crosses embroidered ribbon with cutout for the head is placed around the neck and provides up to down) from the thirteenth century, the founders of the Serbian Orthodox Church. It contain also crown of Serbian king Stefan of Dečani, the dynasty Nemanjić of the fourteenth century, which was identical to the crown of the Montenegrin King Nikola I Petrovic, whom he crowned 1910th. There is also all sorts of old church banners (including dubious authenticity Bosko Jugovic, one of heroes of famous Battle of Kosovo (1389).
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Palace of King Nikola I
The Palace of King Nikola I (the last king of Montenegro) is also the home of a small museum. The palace was completed in 1867 and was added to in 1871 and 1910.
In the palace, you will see original pieces of furniture and artifacts and the house as it was during the reign of King Nikola, along with several portraits of the ruling family.
In the museum at the entrance, you will see some of Montenegro's most important treasures, such as many Turkish banners that were captured in battle, military uniforms and weapons of the royal family, gifts to Montenegro from other countries, and works of art.
Admission is charged. Hours are 9am-5pm daily in season and 9am-3pm Monday-Friday off season.
- Castles and Palaces
- Museum Visits
the King's palace
The king's palace is now the National Museum of Montenegro... don't worry. it has changed name but not content... it is still the building where King Nikola I Petrovic lived and reigned.
This palace is a simple home on two floors and two added wings... it's more like a residential home than a real Royal Palace. Inside, on a guided visit, you can see how this royal family lived, since most of the original furniture has been retained.
There are many clothes, jewels and paintings to be seen, as well as family photos. The guides are really informative, so it's a good place to learn about Montenegro - past and present.
the old Monastery
The old Monastery is the Crnojevic monastery built by Ivan the Black, although it is now gone... In 1692 the Monastery was destroyed by the Turkish conquerors (the Skadar Pasha Sulejman Busatilja).
Apparently the Monastery was a huge complex of 1400 square metres which included several monastic residences and two churches: the small church of St. Petar and the large Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God.
As you can see from the picture, only the small church has survived.
Statue of Ivan I Crnojević
The statue Ivan I Crnojević, known generally as Ivan the Black, is right outside the Royal palace. It is dedicated to the Montenegrin ruler of the medieval country of Zeta between 1465 and 1490.
Why did he deserve a statue, albeit not a too nice one? Because it is him who, for defensive reasons against the Turks, first used Cetinje as a capital city. He built his court here in 1482, and in 1484 he built a monastery, the Monastery of Crnojević. T
Since Montenegro has become independent again (2006) a new parliament has opened in Cetinje - however I have no idea if this is the state parliament's or just a regional one.
You will not recognise it by the building, although it is nice (if I understood correctly there was once an embassy in this building), but by the Montenegrin flag glying outside and the red carpet.
Of course, like most other parliaments, it is guarded by the guards - which, in all fairness, look more decorative than useful, considering the peacefulness of the new republic.
The French Embassy is a remnant of Cetinjie's past as a capital city, together with other embassies. It's no longer a functional one, like the hoters, but it is one of the most impressive "illustrious" buildigns left.
It was built in 1910 and designed by the French architects Paul Gaudet and August Perret. What makes this buildign stand out is the fact that its facade is cmpletely covered with polychrome ceramic tiles.
Today the Embassy has become the home of the Department of Old and Rare Books of the Central National Library of Montenegro.
Monastery of Saint Peter
The Monastery of Cetinje is called the Monastery od Saint Peter (Sveti Petar Cetinjski) and was built in 1701 by Vladika Danilo Petrovic, who happened to be the founder of the Petrovic dynasty. It was destroyed 4 times and 4 times it was rebuilt.
The monastery aòsp doubles as a family mausoleum for the Petrovic dynasty: you can find the graves of Prince Danilo Petrovic, of the Grand Duke Mirko Petrovic and of the Bishop Sava Petrovic.
Inside the monastery there are many treasures to see, including a large collection of sacred books: even the Bishop-Prince and poet Petar Petrovic Njegos operated a printing press from here. It is not surprising, therefore, that this monastery served as the country's cultural centre.
Former Russian consulate
In 1903 a building of the Russian consulate was built according to the project of Italian architect Corradini. This luxurious building consists of the ground floor, first floor and the beautiful attic decorated with rich Baroque ornaments with various fantastic motives and wreaths. That’s why it is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings at Cetinje. Today, it houses the Faculty of Arts.
- Arts and Culture
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The Artistic Museum of Montenegro was established in 1950, originally as the Artistic Gallery of Montenegro. It is situated in the premises of Vladin dom. Its parent part, respectively National Gallery, is composed of five collections: Collection of Arts of Yugoslav Nations and Ethnic Groups, Collection of Icons, Collection of Montenegrin Fine Art, Milica Saric-Vukmanovic Memorial Collection and Collection of Copies of Frescoes.
The Historical Museum of Montenegro was founded in 1989 and it's situated in the premises of Vladin dom (Government House). It broadly covers the social economic, political, military and cultural heritage of Montenegro. The central exhibition, as well as the organisation of the Museum, relies on six departments which present the material from various periods of historical past of Montenegro: Pre Slavonic Period; Medieval Age; period from 16th to 18th century; Creating of Montenegrin State (1796-1878); Modern Montenegrin State (1878-1918); Montenegro in Association with Yugoslav Peoples.
The oldest material with findings from Doclea, Budva and other significant localities of Montenegro is kept in archeological collections. In scope of the Museum especially pointed are the collections belonging to a unique collection of war trophies, whereas the survey of Montenegrin development with all its specific traits has been demonstrated.
The premier theatre play at Cetinje was held in 1888 in the new-built theatre called "Zetski dom". It was "The Empress of the Balkans" written by Prince Nikola. Thanks to the Amateur Society of Cetinje founded by the end of the 1883 the theatre of Cetinje had remained active up to the end of Montenegrin independence in 1916. The theatre stopped working during the Austrian-Hungarian occupation. The building itself was destroyed as well as its inventory. The theatre was reconstructed in 1931. After the Second World War "Zetski dom" was regarded as the republic theatre. From 1958 on it became semi-professional theatre. In the nineties the theatre was renewed once again and its scene was enlarged. It was given its old name "Royal Montenegrin National Theatre".
Ethnographic Museum of Montenegro was founded in 1951. Originally it was situated in Billiard House. Since 1987 the Ethnographic Museum has been situated in building of former Serbian Consulate.
The Ethnographic Museum possesses many objects which represent the ways of earning, culture of habitation, textile industry, folk costumes, musical instruments and other elements of material and spiritual culture of the population of Montenegro.
Former England consulate
The English consulate was built in the typical English simple style in 1912.It was built according to the project of English architect Hartey. The simplicity of the exterior that resembles the English summerhouse characterized also the interior that is subordinated to the function. Today it houses the Music Academy.
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