Herceg Novi is one the cities that played a major role in the Adriatic Sea rough history.
Herceg Novi is a town with a very rich history, which grew up at the and of the 14th century.
The town was first established by a Bosnian King, Tvrtko I, but real growth started during the reign of Tvrtko's successor Stjepan Vukoica – Kosaca, better known as Herceg Stjepan, from whom the town got its name.
After the Turkish period Herceg Novi was in the hands of the Spanish, Venetians, French and so on.
For this reason the architecture is a mixture of Romantic, Byzantine and Oriental styles.
Today the fort of Herceg Novi is the place where you can have a great time in one of the caffes or in a great discoteque. And most important are the Herceg Novi Film Festival and Herceg Novi Music Festival “Suncane skale “ and Film Festival that take place here every July.
I call it fair, cause you can by almost anything there (even some ilegal DVD copies, but shhh, don't tell anyone. Newest DVD for 3-7 euros)
It's really the road that stretches along the coast, right above all the beaches of Meljine, Herceg Novi and Igalo (cities in a row)
As you saw n my intro, blue hole is something special and fantastic. How to get there? It's easy. While you are at the beach, listen to voices coming from those little boats that are taking tourists for small cruises. If they are saying: "Plava Spilja" it's the boat you wanna get on and enjoy this jewl of nature...
Archive of historical scripts and library of Herceg Novi is situated in this house at Belavista square built in 1885. During the WWII when Herceg Novi was under Italian occupation fascist took all historical manuscripts and old books and move them to town of Zadar. Luckily, it all was taken back in 1956.
Kanli kula or “Bloody tower” was built during Turkish rule (XVI century) as a military stronghold and prison. This thick-walled fortress is situated on the higher ends of old town and dominate it and has really great view on the sea and over bay. Today there is open-air cinema and stage.
This is private isolated beach. The owner is a man Stevo and named it after himself (Ste) and his sons Vuk (Vu) and Zoran (Zo). He has a small boat and "picks up tourists from Herceg Novi, take them to this place where they stay the whole day. The only way to come here is by boat, so very few other people come. He has a small bar there and a place where they prepare food. And what's for lunch? Whatever they take out of the sea that day.... Very nice and delicious experiance.
KANLI KULA- in Turkish "bloody tower", from the Ottoman period (16th century) was reconstructed in 1966 and turned into one of the most beautiful summer stage on the Adriatic coast( Musical Festival in July).
Entrance: 1 euro for a viewpoint
Don't forget to bring small coins, otherwise they won't let you in.
SAHAT KULA-Clock Tower was built in 1667 on the orders of Sultan Mahmud. During the Ottoman rule it had been the main gate. It is a symbol of the town and an entrance to Belavista Square.
FORTE MARE was built in the period between the 14-17th century, restored in 1833 and since 1952 was reconstructed in the summer cinema, and later disco. The fortress was built on solid rock, above the boardwalk with a passage from the sea to the top of the fortress. From the top of the tower is the "sea gate" (Porta di mare), the surviving elements of the findings from the Bosnian period.
CITADELA is a fortress which was located on the sea wall and was connected with the lower city. Tower with a wall was built by Venetians.The fortress was almost completely destroyed during the earthquake in 1979, and today, more at sea than on land, there are only ruins.
This is a chapel that belongs to the monastery. It is one of very few Orthodox Churches that were Fresko painted from the outside. It is very small, and not all of us could get inside at the same time. And there was about 15-20 of us. It was ment for ceremonial uses for the monastrery and not for public use, like the most of churches.
There isn't a special dress code, but it would be apropriate if you do not come in shorts or sleevless shirts.
Fortress Spanjola dates back to the 16th Century and is perhaps the best preserved (although certainly not the best kept!) of Herceg Novi's fortresses.
As the name suggests, it was the Spaniards who began to build this fortress (in 1538), although it was the Turks who eventually completed it
It is quite a walk from the town to the fortress...and an uphill walk at that! Not only that, but it is difficult to find and is not very well signposted. There is a signpost on the main road of Jadranski Put to inform visitors that they are heading in the right direction, but after 30 more minutes of strenuous walking we hadn't seen any further signs for it. We passed through residential areas and we were convinced that we had missed the turn off for the fortress. We eventually decided to take a chance and head off down a narrow tree-lined street. There was no signpost to indicate that the fortress was that way, but fortunately a waiting taxi driver confirmed that we were in fact heading in the right direction.
The map in our Bradt guidebook was of very little help; the scale was completely wrong and it seemingly missed out many of the roads between the town and the fortress.
Anyway, we got there in the end. For anybody wanting to visit the fortress my advice would be to either undertake the walk outside of the hottest hours of the day or pay a few Euros and find a taxi driver who knows exactly where the fortress is located.
Having reached the fortress, we were initially a little disappointed. The gate was open, but there were no signs explaining what we were visiting. The grounds were overgrown with vegetation and weeds and the only way to get further into the fortress was through a graffiti covered door that was slightly ajar and gave the impression that it could just as easily lead us into a den of drug addicts as a ruined fortress. We warily made our way through the door and found more ruined walls, overgrown weeds and steps leading up to the top of the walls.
We were initially put off from climbing up the walls as there was a group of local youths running around the perimeter with a large, barking Alsatian dog. We waited until they left and then made our way up to the top. The views were excellent. We could see Kanli Kula fortress which we had visited earlier in the day, the seafront fortress of Fortemare (which we never got to visit as it was being renovated), the buildings of Stari Grad and the coastline from Igalo to Kamenari. Behind us, the views were almost as impressive; the imposing, cloud topped mountains that give Montenegro its name.
There is no entrance fee for visiting Fortress Spanjola and consequently there seems to be little effort in its upkeep or in promoting it as a tourist site.
Fortress Spanjola: it's difficult to find, but it's free to get in and the views are great even if the fortress itself is a mess!
Since Herceg Novi was built in 1382, it has been under the rule of many different crowns and countries:
1382 - Bosnia
1483 - Turks
1538 - Venice
1538 - Spain
1539 - Turks
1687 - Venice
1797 - Austria
1806 - Russia
1807 - France
1814 - Montenegro
1814 - Austria
1918 - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1929 - Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1941 - Yugoslavia
2003 - Serbia & Montenegro
Rarely has the town even been under the same rule for even 91 consecutive years!
I enjoyed simply strolling through Herceg-Novi and exploring many of the side streets.
Like other medieval towns, the streets of the Stari Grad (old town) section of Herceg-Novi are laid out in a confusing jumble of alleyways that are so narrow they make the health and beauty aisle at Stater Bros. supermarket seem like a superhighway.
In Herceg Novi, almost everything is at the sea.... Here we have a monastery that is placed on a small island that entirey belongs to the church. They don't have many visitors, but ther hospitality is amazing. When we came, the monk had nothing else to offer us but some kandies... Very modest and you feel amazingly spoiled when you see the way they live...
The museum building is a gift to the city from the former mayor, Mirko Komnenovic and his wife Olga. It is at least 150 years old. The Museum itself was founded in 1949. On the original door on the ground floor there are names of the Russian soldiers from 1807 during the wars with Napoleon, inscribed with bayonets. The very beautiful botanic garden with more than a hundred carefully chosen mediterranean and subtropical plants is surrounding museum building.
The Savina Monastery, is the most dominant sacral structure and one of the most beautiful examples of Baroque architecture on the Adriatic. It was begun in 1030 with the construction of a Little church. During the Venician reign, many significant structures werw built such as the St. Jeronimo’s church, the St. Antun church, the St. Franjo’s church and last but not least the church of St. Leopold Mandic.