The Republic Square is one of Belgrade's main squares, and is a gathering place for concerts and other performances. Once the location of the Stambol Gate, the main gate to the Belgrade Fortress, and used as execution spot during the Turkish occupation. The Stambol Gate was demolished in 1868, and replaced by some important buildings, including the National Theatre (from 1869) and the National Museum (closed for reconstruction when I visited Belgrade).
There is also a bronze statue from 1882 showing Prince Mihailo Obrenovic riding a horse and pointing towards Constantinople (showing the Turks to leave).
If you don’t take a walk on the main street it would be like going to Rome and not see the Pope – shops, shops, popcorns and street musicians. Interesting building architecture and many flowers are in addition to make your walk very pleasant. Republic is at the end of the main street where are situated the National Theater and The History museum. In the middle of the square there is a statue of Knjez Mihaila, where people are used to arrange their meetings. There is also located the Tourist info office which offers useful information every day.
Trg Nikole Pasica is a pear-shaped square with a large fountain, connecting the National Assembly to the southeast with the Syndicate Building in the northwest. a couple of other beautiufl buildings are located around the square, including the National Museum to the northeast.
Due to the frequent struggle between the Austrians and the Ottomans, few of pre-19th century Belgrade has been preserved. That leads to a relatively high number of 19th and early 20th century buildings in the city. Hotel Moskva is a prime representative for Art Nouveau arcihtecture in Belgrade. The eye-ctaching building with its green roof and turrets was finished in 1908, the year the hotel was inaugurated.
Along Knez Mihajlova, you will see many well preserved buildings while the side streets boast others which haven't been that well preserved. Some of them are spooky enough to make you feel like you are back in the 19th century.
Moram priznati da je danasnji izgled Knez Mihajlove vrlo dojmljiv, daleko je to od nekadasnje "smoupravne price" kada je ovdje "carevao" neukus onih koji su se drznuli nametati svoje ideje o tome kako bi najelitnija beogradska ulica trebala izgledati. Nema tu više onih jadnih ducana s jos jadnijom robom koju su proizvodili "junaci socijalistickog rada" a njihovi komesari to nametali kao jedinu mjeru vrijednosti.
Oduvijek sam doživljavao Knez Mihajlovu kao srce Beograda, ne zbog onih mnogobrojnih ducana ili institucija koje se tamo nalaze, koliko zbog položaja i konfiguracije. Sve se nekako slijeva ka toj nedugoj ulici ili ako hocete, iz nje se možeš zaputiti u bilo koji dio grada. U odnosu na ranije, Knez Mihajlova je poprimila novo uredjenije ruho i sada mnogo bolje izgleda.
Trg Republike je definitivno najljepši beogradski trg a rekao bih i najuredjeniji. Iako nije pozicioniran centralno, trgom dominira spomenik Mihajlu Obrenovicu oko kojeg se uvijek nešto dogadja. Tu se Beogradjani sastaju i rastaju ili naprosto dokolicare, dok turisti i namjernici rado koriste skalinade u podnožju spomenika za kratak predah. Posebno u vrele ljetne dane kada tamo piri kolko-tolko osvježavajuci povjetarac.
Kod Srba, inace, postoji jedna vrlo cudna tradicija kada je u pitanju njihov kralj, il' ga obozavaju il' ga za glavu skrate. Ako se ne varam, od dviju dinastija Karadjordjevica i Obrenovica, samo po jedan od kraljeva umro je prirodnom smrcu.
Inace, ova lokacija odavno je poznata po imenu "kod konja" i to je otprilike isto kao kada u Zagrebu nekome kazes da ce te se naci "ispod ure".
The square was busy both day and night. It's the place to meet or to start your exploration of the city centre.
The main building in the square is the National Museum. In front of it is a monument to Prince Mihailo which was erected in 1882.
Rising above the Kneza on Trg Republika is the National Museum which dates to 1844. It is reported to have one of the best collections in Europe with over 200,000 exhibits including the earliest example of a Cyrillic manuscript - the 1190 Miroslav Gospel. The building has sadly been closed for years while the government decides how to restore the place and where to find the monies needed to do the job.
Running from the Terazije in the south to the Kalmegdan in the north is the main shopping street of Belgrade, Knez Mihaila. This is the chic center of town where everyone likes to walk, especially in the evening. Shops, a few embassies, fountains, cafes and beautiful people - they are all here. Near the junction with Kneza and Trg Republika, you can find the information center for the city of Belgrade. The information center for Serbia is hidden away on a second floor up a side pedestrian street just north of the National Museum. It is a much quieter place as you can imagine, meaning a better chance for more personalized attention to your travelling needs.
Ground zero of the White City. Zagreb has its Ban, but Belgrade has its prince. Prince Mihailo Obrenoviċ (1832-1868) rides his horse pointing to the south and the unredeemed lands still under Turkish rule. The statue was erected in 1882 and is a popular meeting place - "kod konja"= 'see you at the horse'. Republic Square is the center of Belgrade. It is connected by two small streets to the main pedestrian street of town, Knez Mihaila. Standing behind the Prince is the National museum - closed now for years. Across the street to the east is the 1869 National Theater.
On Trg Republike near the National Musem and monument to Knez Mihailo, you will also find the National Theatre. The decision to build the theatre was made by Knez Milan Obrenovic. He was killed in 1868, but the building of the theatre started in August of that year and the first play ever to be performed in it was "Posmrtna Slava Kneza Milana Obrenovica", which means something like the postdeath praise to Knez Milan Obrenovic. Later on, performances from both Serbian and European drama took place in the theater, while opera and ballet were introduced in 1919.
National Theatre is the oldest and largest theatre in Belgrade. Established in 1869 and reconstructed in 1988, it is an marvellous architectural piece (both inside and outside).
At the moment, NT has three scenes and accomodates drama, opera and ballet.
Ticket prices would vary depending on the scene and type of the play.
They also have very good website.
When you end your tour round the Belgrade Fortress, stroll past the terrace cafes of Kneza Mihaila Street (once Roman road and now pedestrianised main street) and you'll get to Belgrade's other main tourist attraction, the National Museum.
This 3-floor-building was opened in 1844 and now houses a fine collection of European art including works by Picasso and Monet.
Narodno Pozorište (the National Theatre) is the oldest theatre building in Belgrade. It was built in 1869, and then reconstructed several times. The years 1922 and 1989 stand for the theatre's major reconstructions.
If you like ballet, opera or a good old play, this is the place for you!
The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts is the most eminent scientific and art institution in Serbia. It was founded by Law of November 1, 1886 as the Serbian Royal Academy. SRA was the successor to the Serbian Learned Society with which it merged in 1892 and accepted its members as its own either regular or honorary members, its tasks and its place in scientific and cultural life. The same occurred several decades earlier when the Serbian Learned Society took over the place and functions of the Society of Serbian Letters, the first learned society in the Serbian Principality.
Today, the Academy directs a number of scientific research projects which are realized in cooperation with Yugoslav scientific institutions and through international cooperation.