Slavija & Vracar, Belgrade
Some of you might have seen the inside of it on CNN when our Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic was assasined. "Opelo", the religius ceremony, was given in the Temple and held by His Hollines, Serbian Patriarch, Mr. Pavle.
As you could've seen from my pictures, the exterior of the Temple is finished and now comes the most refined part of work. The inetrior. So far the plastics are being done and one the mosaics. I can only hope to live long enough to see this architectual masterpiece done completely.
Here are some pictures to show you how promising it is. Have in mind that the building is huge and without artificial lights. Therefore the quality of pictures is rather poor.
This is the actual temple. Preperations for the begining of works started in 1894, but it was only in 1926 when the architects agreed on how it's going to look like. The works on the temple were stopped on April 6th 1941, when the when Belgrade was bombed by Germany.
In 1984. a new permition was gained and works on the temple could be continued. That was a great moment for all Serbs.
The temple is still not finished and in one of the following tips you will get to see it the enterior which is being done.
Statue in front of which I amon this main picture in the tip is Karadjordje, as Turks used to call him ("The Black" Djordje). He had led the first Serbian uprising in 1804. which was the beggining of the end for Turkish Ottoman Empire.
The Temple of Saint Sava is the largest Orthodox temple currently in use. The church is dedicated to Saint Sava, founder of the Serbian church and an important figure in medieval Serbia. It is built on the location where his remains are thought to have been burned in 1595 by Turkish Sinan Pasha. This is perhaps the most monumental building in the city.
The building of the temple advanced really slowly, due to several wars (First Balkan War in 1912, and subsequent Second Balkan War and First World War). The actual building started in 1935, and lasted until 1941 when the axis ocupied Yugoslavia. The construction continued stopped until 1984, when a permission for finishing the building was granted.
The church of St. Sava is on the same square as the temple and it is dedicated to the same man. St Sava was the first partriarch of Serbia, he crawled all the way from Serbia to the head of the Byzantine empire to ask for the independence of the Serbian Orthodox church, and he achieved it!
Karadjordje is probably the greatest Serbian hero of all time. Hundreds of years ago, while the Ottoman empire still ruled over Serbia, Karadjordje led the fight against them. That is how he got his name, which means Black Djordje in Turkish, because whenever he came into contact with them, he brought them death. However, the Turksih sultan demanded his dead and Serbian ruler Milos Obrenovic brough the Sultan th head of Karadjordje to save the Serbian people, so his life was sacrificed to save this country. He is our greatest hero and this is his statue!
The temple of St. Sava or Hram Svetog Save as it's known in Serbian, is another major symbol of Belgrade. The building started in 1935 by architect Nikola Nestorovic and Aleksandar Derok. The purpose was to build a catherdral in tribute to the Hagia Sofia. However, in 1941 the work was stopped and the church was damaged by the Germans in the 2nd World War. Since then building has been going on all the way until last year when the exterior was finally completed. The interior is still not yet done! It is a massive cathedral, one of the largest Orthodox ones and you can see it from practically any point in the city. Also the bells inside are meant to be heard in every part of Belgrade, but they aren't lol.
It is located in Karadjordjev park and made in stone, with cladding of artificial stone, and with total height of 547 cm.
It was erected in 1848 by Knez Aleksandar Karadjordjevic in memory of the liberators of Belgrade in the First Serbian Insurrection. King Aleksandar Obrenovic renewed it in 1889. This is the oldest public monument in Belgrade.
Author: STAMENKO DJURDJEVIC
It is located in Karadjordjev park. Stone height 250 cm, total height 470 cm.
The monument is dedicated to the soldiers - conscripts of the third call-up which gave their lives in World War I.
It is located at Svetosavski Plateau in front of the building of the National Library of Serbia. It is made in bronze and erected in 1979. The author of this 320 centimeters high monument is Sreten Stojanovic, Serbian sculptor.
DJORDJE PETROVIC, KARADJORDJE
(Born in Visevac near Raca Kragujevacka, 1768 – Killed in Radovanje near Smederevska Palanka, 1817), the leader of the First Serbian Insurrection.
The Turks called him Karadjordje - Black Djordje. He has been a shepherd in Sumadija, then a livestock merchant. He has spent his youth resisting the Turkish terror, at first as a hajduk (brigand, anti-Turkish rebel), and later as a courageous soldier in the company of volunteers led by captain Radic Petrovic, during the Austrian-Turkish war 1788-1791.
After the return of janissaries to Belgrade he became a hajduk again, and with prominent Serbs began to prepare a large-scale resistance. He has managed to escape the slaughter of Serbian dukes, and at the gathering in Orasac in the first half of February 1804, he was elected leader of the Insurrection. He made connections with Austria and Russia and confronted the official Turkish Empire.
He led the battle on Misar and fights for liberation of Belgrade. Immediately after the insurrection, in 1813, he went to Austria, and then to Russia. He returned to Serbia in June 1817, but in the morning of July 25, he was killed by the order of Duke Milos Obrenovic. His head was cut off and sent to the Sultan as a proof of Milos' loyalty.
Last time I have visited Temple of Saint Sava, in February 2004, I have noticed the monument to Saint Sava on the north side of the Temple. The only thing I know about it that author from Russia graduated it to Serbia.
The largest Orthodox Church on Balkan Peninsula is located in the eastern part of Svetosavski Square. The construction preparations have lasted for a very long time, ever since 1894.
Branko Pesic, an architect and university professor was appointed proto master of the construction. Although still under construction, this monumental temple represents an organic part of modern vivid image of Belgrade, being one of its main features.
Hram sv. Save (Temple of St. Sava) is a work in progress progress. As you wander through the streets of the Vracar neighborhood you're likely to stumble upon the huge domed structure, which is also visible as you cruise down Kralja Milana towards Slavija. From the outside the building looks complete but on the inside it's definitely a work in progress. You can walk through the main doors and take a look. What an interesting mix of construction work, flying dust (asthmatics beware!), soaring concrete walls, and worshipers! While your here, step into the slightly older, much smaller and totally complete neighboring church of St. Sava. Admire the beautiful artwork, walk around a bit to get a closer look, but please be respectful of the workshipers. On the grassy mall in front of the Hram you'll find a statue to Karadjordje, who rose from a peasant goat and swine farmer to leader of the Serbian movement against the Ottomans and fonder of the Karadjordjevic dynasty. As you face the statue, the building to your right is the National Library.
On Vracar plateau, which will in future be one of the central squares, are situated St. Sava Temple (biggest Orthodox church in the world), this smaller church (but much nicer for me), and the National Library of Serbia.
In the vicinity of Temple of Saint Sava in Krunska Street you should visit Museum dedicated to one genius - Nikola Tesla Museum. There are many things, which were brought from the United States of America to Belgrade after Tesla's death by his nephew. The Museum on the first floor has two parts: the first part is actually a part devoted to personal Tesla belongings and it is a memorial part of the Museum. In this part there is a famous sculpture of Nikola Tesla made by world-renowned sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. The lower part of the Museum is a part devoted to Tesla's life and Tesla's work. There are many interesting Tesla's personal belongings, documents, pictures and instruments from the laboratories. Among documents, which are stored in the Museum, there are over 100,000 various documents, many of them letters. There are also over 30,000 original and other documents reflecting Tesla's scientific work. There are more than 700 photographs of various kinds connected to Tesla's work and life and more than 5,000 technical drawings. In the Museum there are working models of various Tesla's inventions: Tesla's induction motor, the Tesla's Coil and a model of the polyphase alternative current system. The history of electricity from ancient times to present is explained and presented in the Museum. It is a unique scientific Museum, which holds Tesla's aches in a golden sphere, Tesla's favorite shape. Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade is the major source of scientific information about Nikola Tesla and his work.
Open: working days 10-12 and 16-18, Saturdays and Sundays 10-13, Mondays closed.
In front of Saint Sava Temple there is monument to Duke Karadjordje. Karadjordje was a leader of the First Serbian Uprising. His monument was erected in 1985. It stands where his troops had set up camp in 1806 before engaging the Turks in battle to liberate Belgrade. The sculptor Sreten Stojanovic designed the monument.
Learn more about Karadjordje and the First Serbian Uprising on my pages about Topola and Orasac.