Danube & bridges, Novi Sad
Varadin bridge (Serbian Cyrillic: Варадински мост, read: Varadinski most) formerly Marshal Tito bridge (Serbian Cyrillic: Мост Маршала Тита, read: Most Maršala Tita) is bridge over Danube to Petrovaradin. In terms of the country's reconstruction after the devastation of World War II in particular there was a need to build a permanent railway-road bridge on the Danube River between Novi Sad (citiy center) and Petrovaradin.
Construction of bridge was began even 1945th year and that the columns of destroyed bridge of prince Tomislav. It was built by a group of engineers: Miodrag Zivkovic, Panta Jakovljevic and Sava Atanacković, and received a form by utilizing simple beam steel bars. For working was used German prisoners whose go home for the prize after completing the bridge.
It was built in record time - for 160 days. It is significant that it was the first permanent steel bridge built after the WWII in Europe. The bridge was open for traffic in 20th January, 1946. by Marshal Tito in person and named after him.
At the end of May in1962nd this bridges was used for the last time for railway after years. That was the time for new era for bridge and it is began to served only for road traffic.
Demolished by NATO bombarded at 1th April 1999 at dawn, precisely in 4.55 hours. Before the accident his name was changed to Varadin bridge.
He was 344 meters long.
It was reconstructed and reopened in 2000. It connect Petrovaradin with city centre.
City beach Štrand (Serbian Cyrillic: Штранд, read: Shtrand) was popular location on left side of Danube around city part of Liberty bridge.
The Strand was officially "open" in 1911. Before that event In the late 19th century there were popular Stengl Danube bathrooms, so call "Švimšule", or school swimming. On the Danube were set raft with barrels related logs. Interestingly, with ticket visitors was also get and swimsuit, which had to conduct by strict rules of his/her appearance. Also, back then Strand had even organized guard and rescue services and swimming teachers. The whole "look" of beach was completed by construction of three rows of wooden cabins 1913th year (about 100), then ticket office, sheds for bikes, showers, restaurants, concise, trampoline, and slipways ramps for boats to rent.
In following period, during 20th of 20th century, on the Strand, vanished is the division between male and female swimming, swimwear is becoming more and more enticing glances and sighs. Whole entertaining complex was expanding by build additional attraction such as bistro, sports courts, swings and large wooden restaurant that is located on the central plateau and was burned in the 50th of 20th century.
Back then up to the Strand was operated tram call "Trčika" with a locomotive and three carriages. That tram proceeded out of Željezničke street. Also, on the beach and the boats coming in and coaches.
Today "strand" treatment seven acres of green space and is nearly as sands. 700 meters along the beach visitors enjoy in the shade of trees and about 400 shrubs. For the safety of swimmers and visitors there are care and rescue services and attending physician. During hot summer days on the "Strand" came about 15,000 visitors. Available to them in 700 cabins, numerous restaurants and entertainment for all ages. Complete the offer and numerous cultural and sporting events.
Official swimming season on Strand is from 1th May till 30th September. Admission in that period is about 35 RSD (dinars), free after 19:00h.
And from 2008 beach is open and during winter and if free of charge. In that period I was on this beach during my short visit to Novi Sad (2010).
Last year (2011) on the 100 anniversary of Strand, the City if officially enriched with second city beach call Tel Aviv which extends from the central plateau to the Danube.
Monument "Family" (Serbian Cyrillic: "Породица", read: Porodica) is monument to victims of raids and it was build as remember at action call "the January raid" (Serbian Cyrillic: "Јануарска рација", read: "Januarska racija"). That was tragic action of mass executions thousand of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies that was conducted from 21 to 23th January 1942nd by Hungarian fascists and collaborators.
Some information about monument:
On the Danube Kay raid victims in 1971was raised 4 m high bronze composition called "Family". The author was sculptor Jovan Soldatovic (Serbian Cyrillic: Јован Солдатовић). In early 1992. was supplemented with 78 bronze plates, which was design by same author. On four plates there are printed basic information about the tragic event on Serbian, Hebrew, Slovak and Hungarian. There is also 66 boards with the names of the killed persons.
Between the plates with texts rhythmically decorated plates are arranged David star symbols (four plates), two crosses and the one steel. During the 2004 those plate was reconstruction after his removed.
Monument was officially declared as the immovable cultural property and significant place of great importance.The monument was established for immovable cultural property-memorable place of great importance.
Liberty bridge (Serbian Cyrillic: Мост слободе, read: Most slobode) is a slim and stylish iron bridge to Sremska Kamenica over Danube. The bridge is located on the same named bridge witch was built on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of its liberation in WWII.
It is a Cable-stayed bridge and main function is motorway and freeway.
Liberty Bridge was opened 23rd October 1981st. It was projected by academic Nikola Hajdin (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Хајдин), with the help of associate engineer Gojko Nenadović (Serbian Cyrillic: Гојко Ненадовић), Blagoje Zarić (Serbian Cyrillic: Благоје Зарић) and Predrag Želalić (Serbian Cyrillic: Предраг Желалић) in 1977-1978.
It was demolish by NATO bombarded on 3th April 1999. Present Liberty bridge is replica of the old bridge.
The bridge was designed with the aim to fully maintain the look of the old bridge and the bridge to incorporate the usable parts of the old bridge. Bases for design were the Main design from 1978th (author Prof. Nikola Hajdin) and Tender documents. The identically rebuilt bridge is opened to traffic on 11th October 2005 after 2 years of work. Rebuilding the bridge cost the city 40 million euros.
The Bridge consists of a bridge over the Danube River system with inclined cables, orthotropic plate and spans 60 +60 +351(main span) +60 +60 with two access bridges, simple beam composite section spans 60 meters width of the bridge is 27.5 m. The bridge was constructed in the system slanted tie with two pylons. Pylons are 60 meters high, at the distance of 361 meters. There are 48 cables (tie). Length of bridge construction is 1312 m. It built with 32,000 cubic meters of concrete with 2136 tons of reinforcing iron and 9700 tons of steel.
The bridge has six auto lanes (at 3 in both directions) and two pedestrian lane.
The graceful Sloboda (Liberty) Bridge opened in 1981 and carried the 6-lane Novi Sad - Sremska Kamenica road across the River Danube. It is sometimes referred to as the Kamenica Bridge. On 3rd April 1999 the bridge was disabled by three NATO missiles. Fortunately reconstruction of this bridge is finished some 2 years ago (in 2005) and now we have brand new-old bridge. It's almost completely new but look like the same as old one... although it was not so old when it was destroyed. Never mind, lucky me, my house is only 100 m from that bridge and all that construction machines and workers made so much noise. Of course, being so close to bridge, my house was also severely damaged (not destroyed but almost) so I hope that this bridge will not be military target again.
"The Family" is a monument to victims of The Raid, madeof bronze, 4m in height, on gentry made of brick. The monument is piece of Novi Sad sculptor Jovan Soldatovic. It was placed in 1971. on Kej Zrtava Racije (Raid Victims Quay) in the living memory of The Raid made by hungarian ocupational forces on 21, 22. and 23. of january in 1942., when more than 1,300 Serbs, Jews and Gypsies were killed and thrown uder the ice of the Danube River. In 1992. 4 plates in serbian and hebrew, which give basic information about the event, were placed on the monument along with 60 plates with the names of the killed.
People like to take photos in front of it, even smiling, like my friend Vlada and the guys in the background, whereas I think it's a sad event and maybe it's not the most appropriate thing...
Danube (or Dunav in serbian) is spinbone of Novi sad and divide city on the two parts. One the right side of the river is Novi Sad community in Backa region and on the left side is Petrovaradin, Sremska Kamenica, Fruska Gora in Srem region. Danube always had very important role for the city and residents of Novi sad are simply in love with his river and they made many songs that glorify the river. There are beaches, parks and quays on his bank as well as some very important historical sites and buildings as Petrovaradin fortress is. There has been 3 bridges over river before NATO bombing but all of them finished on the river bed. There are again 3 bridges but one is pontoon bridge… Kamenica bridge still isn’t finished yet (and we hope that they’ll finish it soon).
This would be a must see activity, only if these bridges weren't turned down during the NATO bombing in 1999. I am sorry, but you won't be able to see or cross the river over these bridges. You'll just have to take my word for it when I say they were divine...
Right in front of my house is the magnifican river of Danube, with its logn quay, full of people walking or doing sports, it even has a beach called Štrand, which is the favourite resort of people from Novi Sad during the summer.
Through the trees on this photo you can see the fortress of Petrovaradin.
Do not miss to walk by the riverside, on the beautiful, picturesque promenade full of colourful people and lovely nature.There is a quiet little corner everywhere, and the sight to the fortress of petrovaradin is absolutely beautiful.
Perhaps the most spectaculair sight of Novi Sad is the large bridge across the Danube, which was destroyed by NATO bombs in 1999. In fact, all 3 of Novi Sad's bridges were destroyed, and 2 temporary bridges have been constructed.
It may look a bit weird, but the locals seem to enjoy swimming in the Danube, which is in my opinion not one of the cleaniest rivers I know of, but anyway, they're locals so they probably know whether it's safe or not.
Also the background may look a bit apocaliptic: this is one of the bridges destroyed by the rudiculous NATO bombings.
Bathing at sandy beaches on Danube!Strand,as it it called,is the most beautifull Danube beach.It is situated in Novi Sad.Water is clear becuse ships no longer goes through Novi Sad since NATO bombs destroed all bridges of this nice town.
Dnube as a lot of bridges...1,2,3....4!They are all realy nice.
I built this page for Beach dog.You know,he wants to go there!!!
Strand has become a synonime for Novi Sad. It is a city beach, very popular... During the summer you have the feeling that you are somewhere on the seaside. Very exotic