Ne propustite da posetite Topolu u prolece kada ljubicice cvetaju, tada ceo Oplenac mirise, zemlja se budi posle zime, naicice te i na druge vesnike proleca Kukurek, Visibabe. Necete se prevariti ako posetite Topolu i u zimsko vreme, narocito ako ima snega
Don't miss to visit Topola in spring time, then the fields and wood are full of violets. Winter time is also good time to visit, especially when it is snow.
Fondest memory: Za Oplenac me vezu sve lepe stvari koje vezu coveka za rodni grad, i sve sto mu se desi u mladosti. There was my first kiss in my life, and I will never forget this!
Sta drugo mogu reci o svom gradu, nego da je to grad sa posebnim mestom u mom srcu.
Znam da sam subjektivan kada govorim o Topoli, ali cu pokusati da Vam predstavim Topolu, na neki svoj nacin. Svi koji prvi put dolazite, pored obilaska znamenitosti, pokusajte da osetite mirise Oplenca. Sam Kraljevic Tomislav Karadjordjevic, koga su Topolci narocito voleli, govorio je po povratku iz Engleske, da se od svega ostalog u godinama izgnanstva najjasnije secao mirisa sa Oplenca, i koga je srecom ponovo mirisao. Osetite mirnocu, spokoj koji bude sumadijski proplanci, probajte oplenacko vino, zdravu hranu, upoznajte ljude. O crkvi na Oplencu cu reci samo neke moje impresije, do kojih sam naknadno dolazio. Obilazeci Budimpestu, posetio sam prelepe katedrale, nijedna nije odisala duhovnoscu i lepotom kao moja oplenacka. Obilazio sam dubrovacke crkve, nijedna me nije obasjala sjajem i raskosi kao ova "moja". Kada sam bio u Carigradu, imao sam prilike da posetim stare vizantijske crkve, neke su nazalost skrnavljene, pretvarane u dzamije, osetih u sebi: To je to, taj savrseni sklad duhovnog i vizuelnog, koji su hteli da postignu oplenacki neimari. Pozivam sve ljude dobre volje, da dodju u nasu lepu Sumadiju, i stvore u sebi svoju pricu, i sklope zlatni mozaik u svojoj dusi.
Favorite thing: The city of Topola is located in the central Serbia, in the midst of Sumadija. It has total area of 365 sqkm and has over 28.000 inhabitants in 7.600 households. The town of Topola is situated on the slopes of the hill Oplenac, a crossroads of major, regional and local roads, it is 80 km away from Belgrade, 90 km away from Kraljevo, 200 km away from Nis, 42 km away from Kragujevac and 40 km away from Gornji Milanovac.
The endowment of King Petar I contains the church of Saint Djordje, Petar’s house, new opened Gallery (The house of vinogradar) and Karadjordje’s fortified town. All this represents a unique monument of the cultural-historical heritage of the Serbian people.
In the city, there are pletes showing places for visit.%
04.12.1888. - 09.10.1934.
King of Yugoslavia, younger son of King Petar I. He was declared Prince in 1909., and since 1914. he conducted royal duties instead of his old and ill father. Even then Alexander showed his absolutistic pretensions. He was King of Yugoslavia from 1921. to 1934. During his reign, Alexander ruled as dictator. He declared the new Constitution in 1921. under pressure against his ruling style. King Aleksandar was assassinated in Marseilles, France.
29.07.1844. - 16.08.1921.
King of Serbia and King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. While Serbia was in fierce internal quarrels an battles, he battled in Krajina. In year 1903, People's Assembly declared him King. During the first years of his ruling, Austria was searching for opportunity to attack Serbia, since Serbia turned against Austria while King Petar was it's King. At first, it was an economic dispute, and then annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which almost led to bloodshed. But, since Serbia wasn't ready at that time, final Liberation was postponed. Together with Montenegro, Bulgary and Greece, Serbia declared war on Turkey in 1912. Purpose of this war was the liberation of Serbian historical core: Ras, Pristine, Skopje, Prizren.. In battle of Kumanovo, on October 10 and 11, 1912., Serbian army won, which was a step closer to final Liberation. After this battle, Serbian army won in Prilep, Bitolj, Les and Drac. Austria didn't like this glorious Serbian victory and forced Bulgaria to cowardly attack Serbia from behind. In 1914, Austria declared war on Serbia. Serbian army opposed German, Austrian and Bulgarian army, and was forced to retreat towards Albania due to the lack of supplies. The retreat of Serbian army of was the biggest Serbian tragedy, which, together with his people, was experienced by King Petar himself. After Serbian army recovered at Krf, front at Solun was broken, and Serbian army, together with it's allies defeated Austria.On November 24th, 1918 he was proclaimed King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Father of Prince Djordje and King Aleksandar II.
29.09.1806. - 03.05.1885.
Prince of Serbia. Younger son of Karadjordje. He fled Serbia with his father in 1813, and returned home in 1839. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and appointed aide to Prince Mihailo Obrenovic in 1841. After Prince Mihailo left Serbia, Alexandar was appointed prince of Serbia in his stead. He ruled for 16 years, from 1842 to 1858. Father of King Petar I.
03.11.1762. - 25.07.1817.
FOUNDER OF THE DYNASTY
Supreme Leader of Serbia. The Turks called him Karadjordje - Black George. He has been a shepherd in Sumadija, then a livestock merchant. He has spent his youth resisting the Turkish terror, at first as a haiduk (anti-Turkish rebel), and later as a courageous soldier in the company of volunteers led by captain Radic Petrovic, during the Austrian-Turkish war from 1788 to 1791. After the return of janissaries to Belgrade he became a haiduk again, and with prominent Serbs began to prepare a large-scale resistance. He has managed to escape the slaughter of Serbian knezes, and at the gathering in Orašac in the first half of February 1804, he was elected leader of the Insurrection. He made connections with Austria and Russia and confronted the official Turkish Empire. He led the battle on Mišar and fights for liberation of Belgrade. Immediately after the insurrection, in 1813, he went to Austria, and then to Russia. He returned to Serbia in June 1817, but in the morning of July 25, he was killed by the order of Prince Milos Obrenovic. His head was cut off and sent to the Sultan as a proof of Milos's loyalty.
19.01.1928. - 12.07.2000.
Prince. The second son of King Aleksandar II and the brother of King Petar II. In 1991 Prince Tomislav was at last able to return to the land of his birth, and was permitted by the Yugoslav Government to return and live at King Alexander I's villa in Oplenac.
26.08.1887 - 17.10.1972.
Prince. First born son of king Petar I. Abdicated in fawor of his brother. Only member of royal family who lived in Serbia from 1945 after communist regime forbidden return of royal family.
The Karadjordjevic dynasty is two centuries old. In 1804, a wealthy Serbian clan chief and merchant, Djordje Petrovic - known to his followers as Karadjordje (Black George - on Turkish) - led the Serbs in an uprising against the Ottoman Empire that controlled the Balkans. The revolution was successful for a time. Karadjordje established a government in Belgrade and in 1811 was confirmed as lawful ruler and the right of succession was vested in the family. In 1813 the Turks returned to Belgrade and Karadjordje fled to Austria. His son, Prince Alexander, returned to rule Serbia in 1842 but was deposed in 1858.In 1903 Parliament requested that Prince Peter Karadjordjevic - grandson of Karadjordje come to the throne. King Peter I brought democracy and leadership to Serbia. Before the end of the War in 1918, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed by mutual consent a new "Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes" under the Crown of King Peter I. He died three years later.
Fondest memory: King Alexander I, who had acted as Regent for his ailing father since 1914, had earned national fame as a soldier in the Balkan Wars and the First World War. The new kingdom faced many threats. Neighboring states coveted many countries territories and internal rivalries between the Serbs and Croats increased tensions still further. By 1929 it was clear the King had no option but to impose a Royal dictatorship. However, he did so reluctantly and promised to restore democracy to the newly renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia once unity had been achieved and bureaucratic corruption expunged. In 1934 he was assassinated in Marseilles. King Alexander's eldest son, Crown Prince Peter, was only 11 years old at the time of his death when he became King. Three Regents were appointed. His great-uncle Prince Paul became the Prince Regent. By 1941, all but one of Yugoslavs neighbors was under Nazi domination or influence. Despite Prince Paul's pro-British sentiments to avoid bloodshed he felt obliged to sign a pact with Germany and Italy. Shortly afterwards on 27th March, 1941 Prince Paul was unseated in a coup and the young King Peter II was declared of age. Within a week Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary and Italy invaded Yugoslavia and the government was forced to surrender. King Peter II, with the Yugoslav Government, made his way via Athens, Jerusalem and Cairo to London where he joined numerous other governments in exile from Nazi occupied Europe. In November 1945 the monarchy was illegally abolished without a referendum. King Peter II never abdicated.
15.02.1813. - 29.03.1879.
Wife of Prince Aleksandar I and mother of King Petar I . She was from noble family Nenadovic.
1764 - 08.02.1842.
Wife of Supreme Leader of Serbia Karadjordje and mother of Prince Aleksandar I.
04.04.1859. - 19.10.1938.
Prince. Younger brother of King Petar I. Father of Prince-regent Paul.
04.07.1907. - 05.09.1993.
Princess. Wife of prince Djordje. She was from notable Montenegro family.