Topola Things to Do

  • Oplenac
    Oplenac
    by Tara_S
  • Things to Do
    by topolac
  • The crypt
    The crypt
    by Prasnjavi

Most Recent Things to Do in Topola

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    King Petar's house

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

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    However, at the very beginning King Petar I moved in with his servants. This is how the building got the name of "King Petar's house".
    King Petar’s house was built in 1912.
    Today it is an art gallery with different kinds of exhibitions (relics, paintings etc.).

    King Petar's house

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    The park around the Mausoleum

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

    Park Oplenac is a monument of nature which has benefited from the protection of the state. With its abundance of flora (pine, oak, linden, marple), it represents air spa. The territory around the Municipality is rich in hunting grounds and is surrounded by lush meadows, fields and woods. There are deer, rabbits, wild boar and foxes and the world of birds is represented by pheasants, quails and doves.

    The Oplenac hill near Topola (height above sea level 345m) is the spot at which the transition begins from the so-called low into high Sumadija. According to the tradition , the forked branches were suitable for making "oplen" – the wooden parts of villagers carts. Thence the name Oplenac.

    Nature

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    The crypt

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

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    The crypt runs under the entire church. It was intented to be the burial place of members of the Karadjordjevic dynasty. There are 39 burial chambers in the crypt with thomstones made of Decani onyx. Members of five generations of the Karadjordjevic faily are buried in the crypt, four of which are rulers.

    NOTICE:
    Takin a photo inside of the Mausoleum is FORBBIDEN! I took it secretly.

    The crypt

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    Oplenac, the Mausoleum of the Royal Family

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

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    Near the town of Topola, on the wooded hill of Oplenac, there stands a big five-nave church dedicated to Saint George, all in white marble, the endowment of Karadjordje's grandson - King Petar I.
    This white marbled church was built between 1904 and 1912. It is the burial place of the Karadjordjevic Dynasty. It was designed as a synthesis of the outstanding features of Moravska School of architecture, with copies of most beautiful frescoes from Studenica, Zica, Mileseva, Sopocani, Gracanica, Decani, the Pec Patriarchy Church and other middle age Serbian monasteries. Numerous portraits of Serbian rulers from XII till XV centuries, as well as of Karadjordje and King Peter I, represent a unique gallery of mosaic portraits.
    With a surface area of 3,500 square metres and containing 15,000 various nuances, it is truly worth a visit. This church is one of the most visited cultural monuments in the country.

    In front of the Mausoleum
    Related to:
    • Historical Travel
    • Architecture

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    Karadjordje's cannon

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

    Karadjordjes cannon has a place of honour on the windowed porch. This bronze cannon, is known as "Aberdar" (meaning herald in Turkish). Missing from the cannon today is the right handle, which was taken of to be made into the crown of King Petar I.

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    Karadjordje's Manor

    by Prasnjavi Updated May 5, 2005

    In 1805, Karadjordje rebuilt his home by constructing a two-storey building and other outhouses in the courtyard. He surrounded the courtyard with a palisade. With the positive progress of Serbian uprising , the town of Topola, as Karadjordjes residence, got significant political meaning. Topola was hive of activity.

    Karadjordje's Manor

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    King Petar I

    by goga4444 Updated Mar 2, 2005

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    "Petrovic attended high school in Geneva, college in Paris, military school in Saint Sirs and military academy in Metz. He served in the French Army and was conferred the Legion of Honor. His long, 40+ year exile from Serbia, his military education of Swiss neutrality and French democratic spirit, influenced his personal and professional development. Having seen a considerable number of possible models for a dynastic mausoleum, notably the Dome des Invalides in Paris or the abbey in Saint-Denis, King Peter laid down the requirements for the new church in a competition announced on December 4, 1903. He wanted the new church to be monumental and, more importantly, in the Serbian-Byzantine style."

    Taken from www.oplenac.com

    Here is one true story about King Petar... my grand grand father had told it to my father and my father told it to me. During the WW1 while serbian army was crossing Albanian mountains during the winter, the souldiers were gathered arround the fire (my grand grandfather was there) and one of them said that it was easy for the King, that he wasnt there to freeze with them. And like from nowhere The King Petar appeared among them, he told them he is there with them, suffering the same way they are. That he is not angry cause they said that, that he understands how they feel. He also said he just wanted to tell them he is there with them.

    No wonder people liked the King, they used to call him Uncle Pera ( no intention to maake it simmilar like Uncle Sam)

    King Petar I
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    • Museum Visits

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    The House, galery , museum

    by goga4444 Updated Feb 28, 2005

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    There is a Petar's house that you will visit. It is turned into a gallery now. You can see some Petar's belongings there like diary, pictures,some jewlery and even Aleksandar's ( Petar's son) uniform in which he was killed in Marsei, you can see the bullet hole and some blood on it.
    (No pics alowed)

    The house was builded in 1912.

    Oplenac
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    • Historical Travel
    • Museum Visits

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    St George Church

    by goga4444 Updated Feb 28, 2005

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    When the kript was finished ramains of Kardjordje were brought and burried there. They are in the church on the left side of the altar. On the left side there is King Petar I. Rest of the Karadjordjevic;s are burried below the church in the kript.
    After King Peter's death in 1921. his son Aleksandar continued working on the church till he was assassinated in Marsei, on October 9th, 1934.

    Oplenac
    Related to:
    • Museum Visits
    • Historical Travel

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    Crypt

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

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    The crypt, intended to be the burial place of members of the Karadjordjevic dynasty, runs under the entire church. Members of five generation of the Karadjordjevic family are buried in the crypt., four of which are rulers.

    Here are buried:

    In the upper part of the church, where the religious services are being held are the tombs of Karadjordje and King Petar I.

    In crypt:

    Karadjordje's wife
    Jelena

    Prince Aleksandar I

    Princess Persida

    Princess Ljubica-Zorka

    Prince Djordje

    Princess Radmila

    King Aleksandar II

    Prince Arsen

    and

    Prince Tomislav

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    Karadjordje's residence (Konak)

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

    With the failure of the first uprising, in 1813, Topola town was burnt down. The ruins of Topola town stood decades as mute witnesses of Serbian revolution. Only, with the change in dynasty, when Karadjordje,s son Aleksandar came to the throne in 1842 did changes start to take place.

    Today part of the residence is preserved, while a part disappeared when the town was destroyed, in 1877. The residence had seven rooms, a room in which equipment for the horses was kept, a large porch in front of the rooms and two cellars. The residence was made of stone. Original documents, personal items belonging to Karadjordje, the weapons of the insurgents and various ethnographic articles originating from the XIX century are exhibited here. Here you can see "aberdar" (meaning herald in Turkish) - cannon. Right handle is missing today from the cannon - it was taken off to be made into the crown of King Petar I.

    Residence is complete renovated in 1965.

    Karadjordje's residence

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    Karadjordje's church

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

    The leader of the first Serbian uprising, Karadjordje Petrovic, built his memorial, the "Birth of the Holy Mother of God", in keeping with the traditions of medieval Serbian rulers. Construction started in 1811 and the building works were completed that year. The church is single-naved with the base in the shape of an inscribed cross. It has a pointed roof, covered with tiles, above which rises a narrow dome. The spatial entities are clearly divided in the interior of the church: the square nartex is linked to the central area with the slight extension of the northern and southern choir. As in all Orthodox churches, the altar stands in the east, behind the iconostasis. The Holy Trinity (God the Father, God the Son and a white dove as a symbol of the Holy Ghost) is depicted in the dome. The church is built of stone, plastered and today whitewashed. Inside on right side you can see place where Karadjordje's grave was initially situated. There is also on a left side a grave of his grandoughter.

    Karadjordje's church

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    Karadjordje's town

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

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    In fighting the Turks in 1804, Karadjordje made Topola the headquarters of the newly formed Serbian army and the seat of all the state institutions. Starting with 1811 till 1813 a fortress with defense towers was built in Topola. The interesting story is that in the construction of the fortress Karadjordje himself took part, carrying the building material together with the builders. Today only parts of the wall, the church endowed to the "Birth of the Holy Mother of God" and the Inn (Konak), now the museum of the Uprising, are saved.

    Karadjordje's town

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    Park

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

    There is beautiful park on Oplenac too. In park you can see King Petar house, King Aleksandar house, Queen Maria house, first electric plant in Topola, etc. All this objects are under protection and they are authentic.

    Oplenac park

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    House of King Aleksandar I

    by Jeca011 Updated Oct 22, 2004

    The home of King Aleksandar was built in 1923. Prince Tomislav Karadjordjevic lived here after he returned in Serbia in 1991. There are fantastic view from the terrace on vineyards and Sumadija.

    House of King Aleksandar I

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